oblige


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o·blige

 (ə-blīj′)
v. o·bliged, o·blig·ing, o·blig·es
v.tr.
1. To compel or require (someone) to do something, as by circumstance or legality: When the power went out, we were obliged to fetch water with a bucket. The contract obliges you to meet the deadline.
2. To make indebted or grateful: I am obliged to you for your gracious hospitality.
3. To do a service or favor for: They obliged us by arriving early.
v.intr.
To do a service or favor: The soloist obliged with yet another encore.

[Middle English obligen, from Old French obligier, from Latin obligāre : ob-, to; see ob- + ligāre, to bind; see leig- in Indo-European roots.]

o·blig′er n.
Synonyms: oblige, accommodate, favor
These verbs mean to perform a service or a courteous act for: She obliged me by keeping the personal matter quiet. My brother is accommodating me by lending me money. The singer favored the audience with an encore. See Also Synonyms at force.

oblige

(əˈblaɪdʒ)
vb
1. (tr; often passive) to bind or constrain (someone to do something) by legal, moral, or physical means
2. (tr; usually passive) to make indebted or grateful (to someone) by doing a favour or service: we are obliged to you for dinner.
3. to do a service or favour to (someone): she obliged the guest with a song.
[C13: from Old French obliger, from Latin obligāre, from ob- to, towards + ligāre to bind]
oˈbliger n

o•blige

(əˈblaɪdʒ)

v. o•bliged, o•blig•ing. v.t.
1. to require or constrain, as by law, conscience, or force.
2. to bind morally or legally, as by a promise or contract.
3. to place under a debt of gratitude for a favor or service: We are much obliged for the ride.
4. to do a favor or service for; accommodate: He obliged us with a song.
5. to make necessary or obligatory.
v.i.
6. to do a favor or service.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Old French obligier < Latin obligāre to bind. See obligate]
o•blig′er, n.

oblige

If something obliges you to do something, it makes it necessary for you to do it.

This decree obliges unions to delay strikes.
Security requirements obliged her to stop.

If someone feels that they must do something, for example in order to be polite or because they think it is their duty, you can say that they feel obliged to do it.

He looked at me so blankly that I felt obliged to explain.

Be Careful!
You do not use oblige in impersonal structures. You do not say, for example, 'He looked at me so blankly that it obliged me to explain'.

oblige


Past participle: obliged
Gerund: obliging

Imperative
oblige
oblige
Present
I oblige
you oblige
he/she/it obliges
we oblige
you oblige
they oblige
Preterite
I obliged
you obliged
he/she/it obliged
we obliged
you obliged
they obliged
Present Continuous
I am obliging
you are obliging
he/she/it is obliging
we are obliging
you are obliging
they are obliging
Present Perfect
I have obliged
you have obliged
he/she/it has obliged
we have obliged
you have obliged
they have obliged
Past Continuous
I was obliging
you were obliging
he/she/it was obliging
we were obliging
you were obliging
they were obliging
Past Perfect
I had obliged
you had obliged
he/she/it had obliged
we had obliged
you had obliged
they had obliged
Future
I will oblige
you will oblige
he/she/it will oblige
we will oblige
you will oblige
they will oblige
Future Perfect
I will have obliged
you will have obliged
he/she/it will have obliged
we will have obliged
you will have obliged
they will have obliged
Future Continuous
I will be obliging
you will be obliging
he/she/it will be obliging
we will be obliging
you will be obliging
they will be obliging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been obliging
you have been obliging
he/she/it has been obliging
we have been obliging
you have been obliging
they have been obliging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been obliging
you will have been obliging
he/she/it will have been obliging
we will have been obliging
you will have been obliging
they will have been obliging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been obliging
you had been obliging
he/she/it had been obliging
we had been obliging
you had been obliging
they had been obliging
Conditional
I would oblige
you would oblige
he/she/it would oblige
we would oblige
you would oblige
they would oblige
Past Conditional
I would have obliged
you would have obliged
he/she/it would have obliged
we would have obliged
you would have obliged
they would have obliged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.oblige - force somebody to do something; "We compel all students to fill out this form"
force, thrust - impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably; "She forced her diet fads on him"
cause, induce, stimulate, make, get, have - cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner; "The ads induced me to buy a VCR"; "My children finally got me to buy a computer"; "My wife made me buy a new sofa"
walk - make walk; "He walks the horse up the mountain"; "Walk the dog twice a day"
coerce, force, hale, pressure, squeeze - to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"; "He squeezed her for information"
clamor - compel someone to do something by insistent clamoring; "They clamored the mayor into building a new park"
condemn - compel or force into a particular state or activity; "His devotion to his sick wife condemned him to a lonely existence"
shame - compel through a sense of shame; "She shamed him into making amends"
enforce, implement, apply - ensure observance of laws and rules; "Apply the rules to everyone";
impose, enforce - compel to behave in a certain way; "Social relations impose courtesy"
2.oblige - bind by an obligationoblige - bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; "He's held by a contract"; "I'll hold you by your promise"
pledge - bind or secure by a pledge; "I was pledged to silence"
article - bind by a contract; especially for a training period
indenture, indent - bind by or as if by indentures, as of an apprentice or servant; "an indentured servant"
tie down - restrain from independence by an obligation; "He was tied down by his work"
relate - have or establish a relationship to; "She relates well to her peers"
3.oblige - provide a service or favor for someoneoblige - provide a service or favor for someone; "We had to oblige him"
abide by, comply, follow - act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes; "He complied with my instructions"; "You must comply or else!"; "Follow these simple rules"; "abide by the rules"
disoblige - ignore someone's wishes

oblige

verb
1. compel, make, force, require, bind, railroad (informal), constrain, necessitate, coerce, impel, dragoon, obligate This decree obliges unions to delay strikes.
2. help, assist, serve, benefit, please, favour, humour, accommodate, indulge, gratify, do someone a service, put yourself out for, do (someone) a favour or a kindness, meet the wants or needs of He is always ready to oblige journalists with information.
help trouble, bother, put out, inconvenience, disoblige, discommode

oblige

verb
1. To cause (a person or thing) to act or move in spite of resistance:
2. To perform a service or a courteous act for:
Translations
يَتَفَضَّل عَلى، يَعْمَل مَعْروفايُلْزِم
gøre én en tjenestetvinge
kötelezlekötelez
gera greiîaskylda
daryti paslaugąįpareigojimaspadaryti paslaugąprivalomai
izpalīdzētpiespiest darīt kaut kospiest darīt kaut ko
zaviazať si vďačnosťou
prisiliti
iyilik etmekmecbur etmekzorunda bırakmak

oblige

[əˈblaɪdʒ] VT
1. (= compel) → obligar, forzar
to oblige sb to do sthobligar a algn a hacer algo
to be obliged to do sthestar or verse obligado a hacer algo
you are not obliged to do itno estás obligado a hacerlo
2. (= gratify) → complacer, hacer un favor a
he did it to oblige uslo hizo como favor or para complacernos
to oblige sb with a matchhacer a algn el favor de ofrecerle una cerilla
anything to oblige!¡cualquier cosa!, ¡con mucho gusto!
to be obliged to sb for sth (= grateful) → estarle agradecido a algn por algo; (= under obligation) → deber un favor a algn por algo
much obliged!¡muchísimas gracias!, ¡muy agradecido!
I should be much obliged ifagradecería que + subjun
I am obliged to you for your helple agradezco mucho su ayuda

oblige

[əˈblaɪdʒ]
vt
(= force) to oblige sb to do sth → obliger qn à faire qch
(= do a favour) → obliger
to oblige sb by doing sth → obliger qn en faisant qch
A girl reporter obliged Hearst by pretending to faint in the main street → Une reporter obligea Hearst en faisant semblant de s'évanouir dans la rue principale.
vi (= help) → rendre service
anything to oblige! → à votre service!

oblige

vt
(= compel)zwingen; (because of duty) → verpflichten (sb to do sth jdn, etw zu tun); (Jur) → vorschreiben (sb to do sth jdm, etw zu tun); to feel obliged to do somethingsich verpflichtet fühlen, etw zu tun; I was obliged to goich sah mich gezwungen zu gehen; you are not obliged to do itSie sind nicht dazu verpflichtet; you are not obliged to answer this questionSie brauchen diese Frage nicht zu beantworten
(= do a favour to)einen Gefallen tun (+dat), → gefällig sein (+dat); could you oblige me with a light?wären Sie so gut, mir Feuer zu geben?; please oblige me by opening a windowwürden Sie mir bitte den Gefallen tun und ein Fenster öffnen?; he obliged us with a songer gab uns ein Lied zum Besten; would you oblige me by not interrupting, I would be obliged if you wouldn’t interrupthätten Sie die Güte, mich nicht zu unterbrechen; anything to oblige a friendwas tut man nicht alles für einen Freund!
much obliged!herzlichen Dank!; I am much obliged to you for this!ich bin Ihnen dafür sehr verbunden or dankbar
vi she is always ready to obligesie ist immer sehr gefällig or hilfsbereit; (hum)sie ist niemals abgeneigt; they called for a song, but no-one obligedsie verlangten nach einem Lied, aber niemand kam der Aufforderung nach; we asked him the way and he obliged with directionswir fragten ihn nach dem Weg, und er gab bereitwillig Auskunft; anything to obligestets zu Diensten!; a prompt reply would oblige (Comm) → wir bitten um baldige Antwort

oblige

[əˈblaɪdʒ] vt
a. (compel) → obbligare, costringere
to oblige sb to do sth → obbligare or costringere qn a fare qc
to be obliged to do sth → essere obbligato/a or costretto/a a fare qc
to feel obliged to do sth → sentirsi in dovere di fare qc
b. (do a favour to) → fare una cortesia a
anything to oblige! (fam) → questo e altro!
to be obliged to sb for sth → essere grato/a a qn per qc
much obliged! (old) → molto grato!, obbligato!
I am obliged to you for your help → ti sono grato per il tuo aiuto

oblige

(əˈblaidʒ) verb
1. to force to do something. She was obliged to go; The police obliged him to leave.
2. to do (someone) a favour or service. Could you oblige me by carrying this, please?
obligation (obliˈgeiʃən) noun
a promise or duty. You are under no obligation to buy this.
obligatory (əˈbligətəri) , ((American) əbligəˈto:ri) adjective
compulsory. Attendance at tonight's meeting is obligatory.
oˈbligatorily adverb
oˈbliging adjective
willing to help other people. He'll help you – he's very obliging.
oˈbligingly adverb
References in classic literature ?
Sir," said he, with his usual politeness and his unwavering smile, "you will greatly oblige me by not caricaturing my personal peculiarities.
If the gallant be unable to pay him, he is committed to prison, and continues there during the husband's pleasure, who, if he sets him at liberty before the whole fine be paid, obliges him to take an oath that he is going to procure the rest, that he may be able to make full satisfaction.
Baghdad, Iraq (NINA) -The House voted to oblige the Prime Minister to take all measures that preserve the unity of Iraq.
an to help de-escalate tensions through asking the US administration to oblige Israel to retract its serious measures and also through his contacts with Israel.
I wouldn't describe myself as the best dancer in the world but I was more than happy to oblige.
The law will also oblige inoculation against polio, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B, whooping cough, and haemophilia B.
PRESUMABLY some jobsworth at Newcastle Civic Centre thought it would be a great money-saving idea to oblige the refuse and recycling workers to work their full hours, until four o'clock.
It will also allow, but not oblige, EU member states to collect PNR data concerning selected intra-EU flights.
The car continued its way before hitting one of the soldiers at the level of his leg, obliging the patrol members of fire on the car's tyres to oblige him to stop.