obstruent


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ob·stru·ent

 (ŏb′stro͞o-ənt)
adj.
Obstructing or closing natural openings or passages of the body.
n.
1. An obstruent medicine or agent.
2. Linguistics A sound, such as a stop, fricative, or affricate, that is produced with complete blockage or at least partial constriction of the airflow through the nose or mouth.

[Latin obstruēns, obstruent-, present participle of obstruere, to obstruct; see obstruct.]

obstruent

(ˈɒbstrʊənt) med
adj
(Medicine) causing obstruction, esp of the intestinal tract
n
(Medicine) anything that causes obstruction
[C17: from Latin obstruere to obstruct]

ob•stru•ent

(ˈɒb stru ənt)

adj.
1. (of a speech sound) characterized by stoppage or obstruction of the flow of air from the lungs.
n.
2. an obstruent speech sound; a stop, fricative, or affricate. Compare resonant (def. 7).
[1660–70; < Latin obstruent-, s. of obstruēns, present participle of obstruere; see obstruct, -ent]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
occlusive, plosive, plosive consonant, plosive speech sound, stop consonant, stop - a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are too aspirated"
continuant, continuant consonant - consonant articulated by constricting (but not closing) the vocal tract
affricate, affricate consonant, affricative - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
References in periodicals archive ?
A en croire les plaignants, qui sont directement affectes par cette situation insupportable, ces marchands munis de charrettes et de triporteurs encombrent les passages et obstruent quasiment toutes les issues, car ils n'hesitent guere a occuper aussi bien la chaussee que les paves pour pietons.
des decharges publiques obstruent le passage aux pietons qui contournent ces amas nauseabonds deja visites par chats de gouttiere, chiens errants et autres rongeurs et dans lesquels fouinent des personnes a la recherche d'un reste encore solvable.
A ce dernier chapitre, on n'a qu'a penser au mouvement de protestation des pilotes de navires qui obstruent le port de Montreal au mois de juin 1834, en vue de denoncer le monopole des familles Molson et Torrance sur la navigation dans les eaux du Saint-Laurent, ou a l'Association des aubergistes licencies de Montreal qui s'oppose l'annee suivante au monopole de la fabrication de biere, qui entraine un prix excessif pour ce produit.
peuvent passer dans le sang pour aller provoquer des fissures dans les plaques calcifiees sur les parois des arteres: ce qui stimule la formation de caillots qui obstruent l'artere.
Turning to the recent political and security developments in Iraq Al-Hashemi said "The differences in views is exist but we are going on to overcome those differences which obstruent the building of new Iraq or restoring its health.
Editors Fuchs, Toda and Zygis describe in their introduction that a complete understanding of obstruent sounds would require experts from fields as far ranging as phonology, dentistry and aerodynamics.
The primary focus of this paper is LR's ongoing convergence to a ser to distinguishing phonetic and phonological elements shared between the two source languages, including: final obstruent devoicing, glottalization, and final consonant deletion.
If it were the case that obstruent + fricative sequences were universally less marked than obstruent + stop sequences, then we could have an explanation for the selection of [a:rdsag[?
Examples of complete obstruent devoicing are plenty in the case of changes like in OE burz > burh 'town' or PGmc hlass > hlaf 'loaf', etc.
The phonological facts pertinent to RS include the following (6): (1) the Italian syllable consists of a nucleus, optional onset, and optional coda; (2) an onset cluster may be two or three consonants; (3) a two-consonant cluster consists of an obstruent followed by a liquid or a sibilant followed by a stop (sdegno); (4) a sibilant preceding an obstruent and a liquid forms a triple cluster (stretto); (5) gemination occurs only intervocalically (dramma) or following a vowel and preceding a liquid (dottrina); (6) a coda can have a maximal cluster of two consonants with first being a liquid or a nasal; and (7) a CV structure is favored.
Page after page of obstruent data and marching columns of Pearson correlations in the new book The Bell Curve by Murray and Herrnstein, which holds that success in life is mainly determined by inherited IQ and that statistically significant differences in inherited intellect exist among the races, imply that the issues at play in the IQ dispute are so sophisticated only readers of high intelligence can grasp them.