obstruent


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ob·stru·ent

 (ŏb′stro͞o-ənt)
adj.
Obstructing or closing natural openings or passages of the body.
n.
1. An obstruent medicine or agent.
2. Linguistics A sound, such as a stop, fricative, or affricate, that is produced with complete blockage or at least partial constriction of the airflow through the nose or mouth.

[Latin obstruēns, obstruent-, present participle of obstruere, to obstruct; see obstruct.]

obstruent

(ˈɒbstrʊənt) med
adj
(Medicine) causing obstruction, esp of the intestinal tract
n
(Medicine) anything that causes obstruction
[C17: from Latin obstruere to obstruct]

ob•stru•ent

(ˈɒb stru ənt)

adj.
1. (of a speech sound) characterized by stoppage or obstruction of the flow of air from the lungs.
n.
2. an obstruent speech sound; a stop, fricative, or affricate. Compare resonant (def. 7).
[1660–70; < Latin obstruent-, s. of obstruēns, present participle of obstruere; see obstruct, -ent]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
occlusive, plosive, plosive consonant, plosive speech sound, stop consonant, stop - a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are too aspirated"
continuant, continuant consonant - consonant articulated by constricting (but not closing) the vocal tract
affricate, affricate consonant, affricative - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
References in periodicals archive ?
Richardson defined OSUI in 1983 and thought that a zigzag and obstruent urethra explained the symptoms of SUI;[25] another noted that bulging of the posterior wall of the vagina pressed against the urethra, contributing to urinary continence.
Among the topics are the Greek dialects in the palatial and post-palatial Late Bronze Age, whether Boeotian and its neighbors formed a central Helladic dialect continuum, the softening of obstruent consonants in the Macedonian dialect, aspect and modality in Thessalian official documents, and the dialect of Thasos and the transmission of Archilochus' fragments.
L'etat des routes en Tunisie est desesperement deplorableAaDes crevasses, des trous et d'autres obstacles qui obstruent la circulation routiere.
Salmons, "Aspiration and laryngeal representation in Germanic," Phonology 12 (December 1995): 369-396; Patrick Honeybone, "Diachronic evidence in segmental phonology: The case of obstruent laryngeal specifications," in Marc van Oostendorp and Jeroen van de Weijer, eds.
In Spanish, voiced obstruent phonemes are contrasted by their place of articulation (labial, coronal or velar), but not by their manner of articulation (plosive or continuant).
Sonority also does not prefer a sonorant + obstruent cluster on onset position.
According to Miller and Nicely (1955), in the places of articulation of the obstruent consonants, the coronals show more auditory perceptual salience.
Obstruent initials in syllables with ydngping tone are aspirated /p', t', k', ts', ts', [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/unless they are beiyin syllables derived from the ru tone.
The stimuli used for sampling comprised a set of seven phrases consisting of obstruent consonants (six fricatives) and one constituted by the lateral approximant consonant (/l/) as described in Table 1.
Il espere voir ce responsable saisir cette opportunite et parvenir a reunir toutes les parties congolaises pro et anti-dialogue et mettre un frein aux blocages qui obstruent cette voie.
ROHENA-MADRAZO, Marcos 2011 "Sociophonetic variation in the production and perception of obstruent voicing in Buenos Aires Spanish".
10) "[D]oes not allow a voiceless obstruent to intervene between a voiced obstruent and a syllable nucleus" (Lombardi 1995 :62).