Other complaints were decreased level of consciousness, decreased vision, vomiting, hearing loss, acromegalic features, numbness, proptosis, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea, altered behaviour, ataxia, blindness, dysphagia, oculomotor
nerve palsy, diplopia, vertigo, monoplegia, post-auricular discharge and tinnitus.
Reading requires the combination of many cognitive subsystems: attention, oculomotor
control, word identification, and language comprehension.
When Dave and Jen's first baby was born with the birth defect of an underdeveloped oculomotor
third cranial nerve, Dave admits he did not handle it with grace.
Another case involved a 75-year-old man with progressive right facial droop, who had experienced neurologic symptoms on the right side of his face, including numbness, tingling, oculomotor
dysfunction, and radiating pain.
Orbital apex syndrome (OAS) has been described as a syndrome involving damage to the oculomotor
nerve (CN3), trochlear nerve (CN4), ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN5) and abducens nerve (CN6) in association with optic nerve dysfunction.
The cranial MRI revealed diffuse thickening of the cisternal and cavernous segments of bilateral oculomotor
nerves and the cisternal and canalicular segments of bilateral facial and vestibulocochlear nerves.
Double vision (diplopia) related to ophthalmo-paresis or disordered eye movement occurs when cranial oculomotor
(III), trochlear (IV), and abducens (VI) nerves are damaged by granulomatous inflammation.
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) is a rare disorder characterized by periorbital or hemicranial pain, ipsilateral oculomotor
paralysis, and prompt response to steroids.
The majority of people with ABI manifest an oculomotor
dysfunction (86-90%) (Ciuffreda, Kapoor, Rutner, Suchoff, Han, & Craig, 2007).
The supraorbital keyhole approach effectively exposes the frontal lobe base, anterior clinoid process, canalis opticus, olfactory sulcus, olfactory tract, optic nerve, optic chiasm, oculomotor
nerve, anterior communicating artery, anterior cerebral artery A1 segment, pituitary stalk, diaphragma sellae, dorsum sellae, posterior clinoid process, basilar artery apex, posterior cerebral artery P1 segment, superior cerebellar artery proximal, front upper pontine and interpeduncular cistern, anteromedial temporal lobe, internal carotid, middle cerebral artery (M1, M2 segment, and part of M3 segment), anterior choroidal artery, posterior communicating artery; and contralateral carotid artery medial surface, anterior cerebral artery A1 and A2 proximal, middle cerebral artery M1 and M2 proximal.
Clinically classic JS associated with neonatal hypotonia, ataxia, developmental delay,mental retardation, neonatal apnea, oculomotor
apraxia and difficulty in initiating rapid horizontal eye movement.
Twenty-eight patients with persistent unilateral vestibular dysfunction were allocated into two groups; in one group patients tried to practice saccadic oculomotor
exercises, and VES was administered to the second group through surface electrodes on the opposite impaired side and patients were told to walk during the electrical stimulation.