The diagram denotes: R1, L1, R2, L2 are the ohmic resistance
and inductance of the windings of each phase; C3, R3 are the capacitance of each phase relative to the body (the capacity of the housing insulation system) and the equivalent resistance of each phase.
During culture, the surface-normalized ohmic resistance
increased by 192 [omega]*[cm.
OMEGA]] represents the ohmic resistance
at high frequencies and can be expressed as the sum of contributions of the electrical conductivity of the membrane, the catalytic layer, the gas diffusion layer and the bipolar plates, such that the main contribution is from the SPEEK membrane, impregnated or not with the IL.
The improvement of MPG is mainly due to the low ohmic resistance
at high temperature.
In its operating state, the material acts as a near perfect electrical conductor without ohmic resistance
, and therefore doesnt affect grid operations.
At the point where the maximum power has occurred ohmic resistance
and electrode potential have reached their maximum size and due to this, after this stage, power density is reduced.
and mass transfer losses could be decreased using membrane-lessconfiguration that in fact makes it cost effective because membrane is the primary cost of plant microbial fuel cell.
Because the battery internal ohmic resistance
changes greatly when the SOC is low and the changing has significant impact on SOC estimation, a new double sliding mode observer was designed to identify the internal ohmic resistance
, and the model parameter was updated in real time, which improves the accuracy of battery model.
The high ohmic resistance
and low capacitance indicate the good corrosion protection performance of both coatings.
where [sigma] is the fuel cell ohmic resistance
In this study, a reconfigurable HMSIW bandpass filter loaded by complementary split-ring resonator with zero ohmic resistance
It is thermodynamically stable, has low ohmic resistance
, has a well-matched thermal expansion coefficient, and is chemically compatible with the remainder of the stack.