oil


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oil

 (oil)
n.
1. Any of numerous mineral, vegetable, or synthetic substances or animal or vegetable fats that are generally slippery, combustible, viscous, liquid or liquefiable at room temperatures, soluble in various organic solvents such as ether but not in water, and used in a great variety of products, especially lubricants and fuels.
2.
a. Petroleum.
b. A petroleum derivative, such as a machine oil or lubricant.
3. A protective or cosmetic liquid applied to the skin or hair.
4. Oil paint.
5. A painting done in oil paint.
tr.v. oiled, oil·ing, oils
To lubricate, supply, cover, or polish with oil.
Idiom:
oil (someone's) hand/palm Informal
1. To bribe: an attorney who tried to oil the judge's hand to obtain a favorable verdict.
2. To give a tip to: oiled the porter's palm.

[Middle English, from Old French oile, from Latin oleum, olive oil, from Greek *elaiwon, elaion, from *elaiwā, elaiā, olive.]

oil

(ɔɪl)
n
1. any of a number of viscous liquids with a smooth sticky feel. They are usually flammable, insoluble in water, soluble in organic solvents, and are obtained from plants and animals, from mineral deposits, and by synthesis. They are used as lubricants, fuels, perfumes, foodstuffs, and raw materials for chemicals. See also essential oil, fixed oil
2. (Elements & Compounds)
a. another name for petroleum
b. (as modifier): an oil engine; an oil rig.
3. (Elements & Compounds)
a. Also called: lubricating oil any of a number of substances usually derived from petroleum and used for lubrication
b. (in combination): an oilcan; an oilstone.
c. (as modifier): an oil pump.
4. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: fuel oil a petroleum product used as a fuel in domestic heating, industrial furnaces, marine engines, etc
5. (Elements & Compounds)
a. paraffin, esp when used as a domestic fuel
b. (as modifier): an oil lamp; an oil stove.
6. any substance of a consistency resembling that of oil: oil of vitriol.
7. (Art Terms) the solvent, usually linseed oil, with which pigments are mixed to make artists' paints
8. (Art Terms)
a. (often plural) oil colour or paint
b. (as modifier): an oil painting.
9. (Art Terms) an oil painting
10. the good oil the dinkum oil slang Austral and NZ facts or news
11. (Mining & Quarrying) to discover petroleum while drilling for it
12. informal to become very rich or successful
vb (tr)
13. to lubricate, smear, polish, etc, with oil or an oily substance
14. informal to bribe (esp in the phrase oil someone's palm)
15. oil the wheels to make things run smoothly
[C12: from Old French oile, from Latin oleum (olive) oil, from olea olive tree, from Greek elaia olive]
ˈoil-ˌlike adj

oil

(ɔɪl)
n.
1. any of a large class of substances typically unctuous, viscous, combustible, liquid at ordinary temperatures, and soluble in ether or alcohol but not in water.
2. a substance of this or similar consistency.
3. refined or crude petroleum.
5. unctuous hypocrisy; flattery.
6. an oilskin garment.
v.t.
7. to smear, lubricate, or supply with oil.
8. to bribe.
9. to convert into oil by melting, as butter.
[1125–75; Middle English olie, oile < Old French < Latin oleum, olīvum (olive) oil <*oleivum]

oil

(oil)
1. Any of a large class of liquid or easily melted substances that are typically very slippery and greasy. Oils are flammable, do not mix with water, and include animal and vegetable fats as well as substances of mineral or synthetic origin. They are used in food, soap, and candles, and make good lubricants and fuels.
2. Petroleum.

oil

- From Latin oleum, from Greek elaion, "olive oil; other oily substance."
See also related terms for olive oil.

oil


Past participle: oiled
Gerund: oiling

Imperative
oil
oil
Present
I oil
you oil
he/she/it oils
we oil
you oil
they oil
Preterite
I oiled
you oiled
he/she/it oiled
we oiled
you oiled
they oiled
Present Continuous
I am oiling
you are oiling
he/she/it is oiling
we are oiling
you are oiling
they are oiling
Present Perfect
I have oiled
you have oiled
he/she/it has oiled
we have oiled
you have oiled
they have oiled
Past Continuous
I was oiling
you were oiling
he/she/it was oiling
we were oiling
you were oiling
they were oiling
Past Perfect
I had oiled
you had oiled
he/she/it had oiled
we had oiled
you had oiled
they had oiled
Future
I will oil
you will oil
he/she/it will oil
we will oil
you will oil
they will oil
Future Perfect
I will have oiled
you will have oiled
he/she/it will have oiled
we will have oiled
you will have oiled
they will have oiled
Future Continuous
I will be oiling
you will be oiling
he/she/it will be oiling
we will be oiling
you will be oiling
they will be oiling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been oiling
you have been oiling
he/she/it has been oiling
we have been oiling
you have been oiling
they have been oiling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been oiling
you will have been oiling
he/she/it will have been oiling
we will have been oiling
you will have been oiling
they will have been oiling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been oiling
you had been oiling
he/she/it had been oiling
we had been oiling
you had been oiling
they had been oiling
Conditional
I would oil
you would oil
he/she/it would oil
we would oil
you would oil
they would oil
Past Conditional
I would have oiled
you would have oiled
he/she/it would have oiled
we would have oiled
you would have oiled
they would have oiled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with wateroil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
sassafras oil - oil from root bark of sassafras trees; used in perfumery and as a disinfectant
calamus oil - carcinogenic oil from calamus root used as a perfume
mustard oil - oil obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap
colza oil, rape oil, rapeseed oil - edible light yellow to brown oil from rapeseed used also as a lubricant or illuminant
safflower oil - oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
hydnocarpus oil - oil from seeds of trees of the genus Hydnocarpus especially Hydnocarpus wightiana (Hydnocarpus laurifolia)
babacu oil, babassu oil - fatty oil from kernels of babassu nuts similar to coconut oil
cohune fat, cohune oil, cohune-nut oil - semisolid fat from nuts of the cohune palm; used in cooking and soap making
almond oil, expressed almond oil, sweet almond oil - pale yellow fatty oil expressed from sweet or bitter almonds
hedeoma oil, pennyroyal oil - aromatic oil from American pennyroyal
hyssop oil - used chiefly in liqueurs
spike lavender oil, spike oil - pale yellow essential oil obtained from spike lavender used in scenting soaps and cosmetics
pennyroyal oil - oil from European pennyroyal having an odor like mint; used chiefly in soaps
croton oil - viscid acrid brownish-yellow oil from the seeds of Croton tiglium having a violent cathartic action
fuel oil, heating oil - a petroleum product used for fuel
animal oil - any oil obtained from animal substances
camphor oil - oil distilled from camphor resin
grease, lubricating oil - a thick fatty oil (especially one used to lubricate machinery)
essential oil, volatile oil - an oil having the odor or flavor of the plant from which it comes; used in perfume and flavorings
lipid, lipide, lipoid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
mineral oil - a distillate of petroleum (especially one used medicinally as a laxative or stool softener)
motor oil - oil used to lubricate the moving parts of a motor
fatty oil, fixed oil - nonvolatile animal or plant oil
fusel oil - a mixture of amyl alcohols and propanol and butanol formed from distillation of fermented liquors
stand oil - a thick oil comprised of linseed, tung, or soya oils which have been heated to over 300 C
neroli oil - an odoriferous yellow oil found in orange flowers and used in perfumery and as a flavoring
tall oil - an oil derived from wood pulp and used in making soaps or lubricants
crude, crude oil, fossil oil, petroleum, rock oil, oil - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
shale oil - oil extracted from oil shale by heating
flaxseed oil, linseed oil - a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
Chinese wood oil, tung oil - a yellow oil obtained from the seeds of the tung tree
chaulmoogra oil - an oil from chaulmoogra trees; used in treatment of skin diseases and leprosy
lemon grass, lemongrass, lemongrass oil - an aromatic oil that smells like lemon and is widely used in Asian cooking and in perfumes and medicines
2.oil - oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artistoil - oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist
oil paint - paint in which a drying oil is the vehicle
3.oil - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonsoil - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
4.oil - any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plantsoil - any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants
edible fat - oily or greasy matter making up the bulk of fatty tissue in animals and in seeds and other plant tissue
margarine, marge, oleo, oleomargarine, margarin - a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
cooking oil - any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
sweet oil - mild vegetable oil when used as food; especially olive or edible rape oil
canola, canola oil - vegetable oil made from rapeseed; it is high in monounsaturated fatty acids
coconut oil, copra oil - oil from coconuts
corn oil - oil from the germs of corn grains
cottonseed oil - edible oil pressed from cottonseeds
olive oil - oil from olives
palm oil - oil from nuts of oil palms especially the African oil palm
groundnut oil, peanut oil - an oil from peanuts; used in cooking and making soap
salad oil - any of several edible vegetable oils that can be used in salad dressings
safflower oil - oil from seeds of the safflower plant
sesame oil - oil obtained from sesame seeds
soyabean oil, soybean oil - oil from soya beans
sunflower oil, sunflower-seed oil - oil from sunflower seeds
walnut oil - oil from walnuts
madia oil - used as a substitute for olive oil
drying oil - an oil that hardens in air due to oxidation and is often used as a paint or varnish base
Verb1.oil - cover with oil, as if by rubbing; "oil the wooden surface"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
2.oil - administer an oil or ointment to oil - administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing
bless - give a benediction to; "The dying man blessed his son"

oil

verb
1. lubricate, grease, make slippery A crew of assistants oiled the mechanism until it worked perfectly.
noun
1. lubricant, grease, lubrication, fuel oil Her car had run out of oil.
2. lotion, cream, balm, salve, liniment, embrocation, solution sun-tan oil

Oils

Edible oils  benne, gingili, or sesame, butyrin, corn, cottonseed, fixed, maize, nut, oleo, olive, palm, peanut, peppermint, soya, sunflower seed, vegetable
Industrial oils  benzaldehyde, banana or pentyl acetate, bone, crude, Chinese wood or tung, coal, colza, diesel, drying, fuel, fusel, glutaraldehyde, gas, heavy, linseed, mineral, neat's foot, paraffin, parathion, rapeseed, rosin, shale, sperm, stand, train, turpentine, whale oil
Oils used in perfume and medicine  attar, bergamot, cajuput, camphorated, croton, castor, chaulmoogra, citronella, clove, coconut, cod-liver, eucalyptus, evening primrose, jojoba, lavender, Macassar, musk, mustard, neroli, palm, patchouli, peanut, rapeseed, sandalwood, sassafras, savin, tea tree, wintergreen, ylang-ylang

oil

noun
Excessive, ingratiating praise:
Informal: soft soap.
Idiom: honeyed words.
Translations
زَيْتنِفْطٌّيُزَيِّتيُزِيِّتُ
olejnaftanaolejovat
oliesmøre
oleopetrolo
öljyöljytärasvatavoidella
naftanauljitiulje
olajmegolajoz
olíasmyrja, olíubera
油を差す
기름기름을 바르다
aliejinė palmėaliejiniai dažaialiejiniais dažais tapytas paveikslasaliejuotasaliejus
eļļaeļļotieeļļot
naolejovaťolej
naftaoljenaoljiti
oljasmörjamatolja
ใส่น้ำมันน้ำมัน
dầubôi dầu

oil

[ɔɪl]
A. N
1. (gen, also Aut) → aceite m; (= holy oil) → crisma f, santo óleo m
to check the oil (Aut etc) → revisar el nivel del aceite
to pour oil on troubled waterscalmar los ánimos
to pour oil on the flamesechar más leña al fuego
see also midnight
2. (Geol) (as mineral) → petróleo m
to strike oilencontrar petróleo (fig) → encontrar un filón
3. (Art) → óleo m
an oil by Rembrandtun óleo de Rembrandt
to paint in oilspintar al óleo
B. VTlubricar, engrasar
to oil the wheelsallanar el terreno
to be well oiledir a la vela
C. CPD oil change N (Aut) → cambio m de aceite
oil colours NPL (Art) → óleos mpl
oil deposits NPL (Geol) → yacimientos mpl de petróleo
oil filter N (Aut) → filtro m de aceite
oil gauge N (Aut) → indicador m de(l) aceite
oil industry Nindustria f del petróleo
oil lamp Nlámpara f de aceite, quinqué m
oil level Nnivel m del aceite
oil paint N (Art) → óleo m, pintura f al óleo
oil painting N (Art) → pintura f al óleo
she's no oil paintingno es ninguna belleza
oil pipeline Noleoducto m
oil platform Nplataforma f petrolífera
oil pollution Ncontaminación f petrolífera
oil pressure N (Aut) → presión f del aceite
oil refinery Nrefinería f de petróleo
oil rig Ntorre f de perforación (Naut) → plataforma f de perforación submarina
oil slick N (large) → marea f negra; (small) → mancha f de petróleo, capa f de petróleo (en el agua)
oil spill N (= act) → fuga f de petróleo; (= substance) = oil slick oil stove N (for cooking) → cocina f de petróleo; (for heating) → estufa f de petróleo
oil tanker Npetrolero m
oil terminal Nterminal f petrolífera
oil well Npozo m de petróleo

oil

[ˈɔɪl]
n
(for cooking, skincare)huile f
oil and vinegar → de l'huile et du vinaigre
cooking oil → de l'huile de cuisine
lavender, lemon and other essential oils → lavande, citron et autres huiles essentielles
to pour oil on troubled waters → calmer le jeu
(for lubricating)huile f
(= petroleum) → pétrole m
North Sea oil → le pétrole de la mer du Nord
(for central heating)mazout m
vt [+ machine] → huiler; [+ wood, floor] → huiler; [+ body, hair] → huiler

oil

n
Öl nt; to pour oil on troubled watersdie Wogen glätten, Öl auf die Wogen gießen
(= petroleum)(Erd)öl nt; to strike oil (lit)auf Öl stoßen; (fig)einen guten Fund machen; (= get rich)das große Los ziehen
(Art: = painting) → Ölgemälde nt; to paint in oilsin Öl malen; a painting in oilsein Ölgemälde nt
(inf, = flattery) → Schmeicheleien pl
vtölen, schmieren; table, furnitureeinölen; to oil somebody’s tongue (fig)jdm die Zunge ölen or schmieren; to oil the wheels (fig)die Dinge erleichtern

oil

in cpdsÖl-;
oil baron
nÖlmagnat m
oil-based
adjauf Ölbasis; oil paintÖlfarbe f
oil-bearing
adj
materialsölhaltig
(Geol) layer etcÖl führend
oil-burning
adjÖl-; oil lamp/stoveÖllampe f/-ofen m
oilcake
nÖlkuchen m
oilcan
nÖlkanne f; (for lubricating also) → Ölkännchen nt
oil change
nÖlwechsel m; to do an oileinen Ölwechsel machen or vornehmen; I took the car in for an oilich habe den Wagen zum Ölwechsel(n) gebracht
oilcloth
nWachstuch nt
oil colours, (US) oil colors
plÖlfarben pl
oil company
nÖlkonzern m
oil drum
nÖlfass nt

oil

:
oil-exporting
adjÖl exportierend
oilfield
nÖlfeld nt
oil-fired
adjÖl-, mit Öl befeuert; oil power stationÖlkraftwerk nt
oil gauge, (US) oil gage
nÖlstandsanzeiger m, → Ölstandsmesser m
oil industry
nÖlindustrie f

oil

:
oil lamp
nÖllampe f
oil level
nÖlstand m
oilman
nÖlindustrielle(r) mf; (= trader)Ölhändler(in) m(f)
oil paint
nÖlfarbe f
oil painting
n (= picture)Ölgemälde nt; (= art)Ölmalerei f; she’s no oil (inf)sie ist nicht gerade eine Schönheit
oilpan
nÖlwanne f
oil platform
nBohrinsel f, → Bohrplattform f
oil pollution
nÖlverschmutzung f
oil-producing
adjölproduzierend
oil refinery
n(Erd)ölraffinerie f
oil-rich
adjölreich
oil rig
n(Öl)bohrinsel f
oil sheik
nÖlscheich m
oilskin
n
(= cloth)Öltuch nt
oilskins
pl (= clothing)Ölzeug nt
oil slick
nÖlteppich m
oil spill
nÖlkatastrophe f
oilstone
oil stove
nÖlofen m
oil tanker
n (= ship)(Öl)tanker m, → Tankschiff nt; (= lorry)Tankwagen m
oil terminal
nÖlhafen m
oil well
nÖlquelle f

oil

[ɔɪl]
1. n
a. (Art, Aut, Culin) → olio
fried in oil → fritto/a nell'olio
b. (petroleum) → petrolio; (for central heating) → nafta
to pour oil on troubled waters → placare le acque
2. vt (machine) → oliare, lubrificare
to oil the wheels (fig) → appianare la difficoltà
3. adj (lamp, stove) → a olio

oil

(oil) noun
a usually thick liquid that will not mix with water, obtained from plants, animals and minerals. olive oil; whale oil; vegetable oil; cooking oil; He put some oil on the hinges of the door; The car's engine is in need of oil.
verb
to put oil on or into. The machine will work better if it's oiled.
oils noun plural
oil paint. He paints in oils.
ˈoily adjective
1. of, like or covered with oil. an oily liquid; an oily rag.
2. trying to be too friendly or polite. The waiters in that restaurant are too oily.
ˈoilfield noun
a place where mineral oil is found. There are oilfields in the North Sea.
oil paint
paint made with oil. Some artists prefer to use oil paint(s).
oil painting
a picture painted with oil paints.
oil palm
a palm tree whose fruit and seeds yield oil.
ˈoil-rig noun
a structure used to drill oil-wells. The ship sailed past an enormous oil-rig.
ˈoil-tanker noun
a ship used for carrying oil. An oil-tanker has run aground near here.
ˈoil-well noun
a hole drilled into the earth or the sea-bed to obtain petroleum.
strike oil
to find oil under the ground. After drilling for several months, they finally struck oil; We've struck oil (= found what we have been looking for) in our search for a suitable house.

oil

نِفْطٌّ, يُزِيِّتُ naolejovat, olej olie, smøre Öl, ölen λάδι, λαδώνω aceite, lubricar öljy, öljytä huile, huiler nafta, nauljiti lubrificare, petrolio, 油を差す 기름, 기름을 바르다 olie, oliën olje naoliwić, olej lubrificar, óleo масло, смазывать olja, smörja ใส่น้ำมัน, น้ำมัน yağ, yağlamak bôi dầu, dầu 上油,

oil

n. aceite;
castor ______ de ricino;
cod liver ______ de hígado de bacalao;
mineral ______ mineral;
olive ______ de oliva;
salad ______ para ensalada;
v. aceitar, lubricar, engrasar, untar con aceite.

oil

n aceite m; castor — aceite de ricino; citronella — aceite de citronela; coconut — aceite de coco; cod-liver — aceite de hígado de bacalao; corn — aceite de maíz; essential — aceite esencial; evening primrose — aceite de onagra; fish — aceite de pescado; geranium — aceite de geranio; lemon eucalyptus — aceite de eucalipto de limón; lemon — aceite de limón; mineral — aceite mineral; olive — aceite de oliva; palm — aceite de palma; peanut — aceite de maní or cacahuete or cacahuate; rape-seed — aceite de colza; safflower — aceite de cártamo; tea tree — aceite del árbol del té; vegetable — aceite vegetal
References in classic literature ?
Oh, he was a little man who looked as if he merely lived to oil his hair.
In those days the Standard Oil Company did not deliver oil to the consumer in big wagons and motor trucks as it does now, but delivered instead to retail grocers, hardware stores, and the like.
He is always able to raise capital for new enterprises in Wyoming or Montana, and has helped young men out there to do remarkable things in mines and timber and oil.
John says I musn't lose my strength, and has me take cod liver oil and lots of tonics and things, to say nothing of ale and wine and rare meat.
But it will calm the swell and heaving of thy passion, like oil thrown on the waves of a tempestuous sea.
Assuming the blubber to be the skin of the whale; then, when this skin, as in the case of a very large Sperm Whale, will yield the bulk of one hundred barrels of oil; and, when it is considered that, in quantity, or rather weight, that oil, in its expressed state, is only three fourths, and not the entire substance of the coat; some idea may hence be had of the enormousness of that animated mass, a mere part of whose mere integument yields such a lake of liquid as that.
He always brushed my mane and tail with water and my hoofs with oil before he brought me to the door, to make me look smart; but as to cleaning my feet or looking to my shoes, or grooming me thoroughly, he thought no more of that than if I had been a cow.
Hour after hour this had continued--the darkness had fallen and the room was dim from the light of two smoky oil lamps.
When this fruit arrives to perfect maturity, they either pound the kernel into meal, and make cakes of or draw an oil from it of a fine scent and taste, and of great use in medicine; so that what is reported of the different products of this wonderful tree is neither false nor incredible.
The cuadrillero finding himself so disrespectfully treated by such a sorry-looking individual, lost his temper, and raising the lamp full of oil, smote Don Quixote such a blow with it on the head that he gave him a badly broken pate; then, all being in darkness, he went out, and Sancho Panza said, "That is certainly the enchanted Moor, Senor, and he keeps the treasure for others, and for us only the cuffs and lamp-whacks.
And it is well that nature has so graciously and abundantly lighted the Martian night, for the green men of Mars, being a nomadic race without high intellectual development, have but crude means for artificial lighting; depending principally upon torches, a kind of candle, and a peculiar oil lamp which generates a gas and burns without a wick.
Her mother prepared her a basket of provisions with all sorts of good things, and a goat skin full of wine; the girl now got into the waggon, and her mother gave her also a golden cruse of oil, that she and her women might anoint themselves.