operant conditioning


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operant conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increases or decreases in response to reinforcement or punishment that occurs when the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the behavior with the pleasure from the reinforcement or the displeasure from the punishment.
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Noun1.operant conditioning - conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
instrumental conditioning - operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials; reinforcement occurs only after the response is given
References in periodicals archive ?
Operant conditioning of brain rhythms rewards brain activity and selected frequencies whenever such activity spontaneously makes its appearance.
These authors based their treatment on operant conditioning and stimulus control procedures (also known as "errorless training procedures"), using prompts and positive reinforcement in the training phase.
At a training seminar by Bob Bailey, Nikki was introduced to operant conditioning, where animals are taught to think for themselves and are rewarded for doing the right thing.
While habituation and operant conditioning have taught us a great deal about the pace of visual development in children, the techniques are clearly laborious and do not lend themselves to clinical evaluation.
Operant conditioning is concerned primarily with learning that occurs as a consequence of behaviour or result stimulus (Luthans 2005).
The neurofeedback treatment relies on established principles of operant conditioning and learning, and the results can be objectively documented.
A behavior analytic interpretation of covert muscular activity or tension maps this behavior to the data language of operant conditioning.
Neurofeedback was conceptualized, developed and presented as strictly an operant conditioning procedure in the 1960s and 1970s by pioneers such as Barry Sterman and Joel Lubar, and a number of clinicians continue to describe the procedure in operant language, although--from an ABA standpoint--conceptual purity is often lacking.
Someone new to clicker training may find it difficult to break out of familiar routines; The Thinking Dog: Crossover to Clicker Training teaches one how to surpass one's own ingrained habits while learning the nuts and bolts of operant conditioning.
Operant conditioning is the process by which behavior is modified by manipulation of the contingencies of the behavior (Bushardt, Fowler, and Debnath, 1988; Organ and Hamner, 1982; Skinner, 1971; Skinner, 1969).
The premises of the theories that underlie behavior therapy, specifically operant conditioning (Skinner 1953), address both omitted and committed behaviors.
To do so, we adapted the procedure of the operant conditioning of foot kicks used with infants by Rovee-Collier (1984, 1999) and Rovee-Collier and Barr (2001a, 2001b), so that the infants could perceive the tactile consequences of their leg movements.