operant conditioning


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operant conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increases or decreases in response to reinforcement or punishment that occurs when the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the behavior with the pleasure from the reinforcement or the displeasure from the punishment.
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Noun1.operant conditioning - conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
instrumental conditioning - operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials; reinforcement occurs only after the response is given
References in periodicals archive ?
Over a couple months, zoo staff used a standard training technique called operant conditioning, during which an animal is rewarded for performing the desired behavior.
It covers basic concepts and definitions, the structure of unconditioned behavior, habituation and sensitization, instrumental or operant conditioning, schedules and theories of reinforcement, punishment, avoidance learning, stimulus control of behavior, and other topics.
Instead, dog trainers have focused almost exclusively on how they could change a dog's behavior through the principles of operant conditioning.
The interrelated expressions of the three-term contingency (discriminative stimulus, behavior, and its consequences) are defined by this most fundamental principle of operant conditioning and learning.
A Classroom session continued on discussion of field diseases, and operant conditioning.
Understanding the mammalian brain and nervous system makes it possible to (harmlessly) control the behavior of people and animals using the principles of Operant Conditioning laid down by behaviourists.
Among the most important contributions of Tonneau's analyses, the exposition of the distinctive explanatory roles of Pavlovian and operant conditioning in the study of symbolic processes must be highlighted.
It explains the latest protocols for evaluating and dealing with the problems of aggressive dogs from classical conditioning to operant conditioning, and prescribes management strategies that really work.
The evaluation of operant conditioning in small laboratory animals is a perfect illustration of the dependency between the tools used in research and available technologies.
Public safety and safety of mahouts who get killed while working with elephants can be addressed by using modern methods of elephant management such as positive reinforcement and operant conditioning.
The theory also known as Behaviourism or Operant Conditioning - possibly still taught in psychology today - states that an individual's behaviour is a function of its consequences, also known as the Law of Effect.