The major preventable causes of childhood blindness are vitamin A deficiency, measles, ophthalmia neonatorum
, and the harmful use of traditional eye care methods.
Other skin lesions found were petechiae (1), purpura (1), sclerema (1), loss of subcutaneous fat (1), hypospadiasis (1), generalized edema (1), ophthalmia neonatorum
(1), micrognathia (2), lentigines (1), simian crease (2), umbilical hernia (1), prominent veins (1), hairy pinna (1), hydrocele (1), phimosis (1), insect bite (1), cleft lip and cleft palate (1) , cellulitis (1), scrotal dermatitis (1), triangular face (1).
Other studies from Sub-Saharan Africa reported ophthalmia neonatorum
, ocular trauma, uncorrected refractive error, congenital glaucoma, corneal scarring, measles/Vitamin A deficiency, congenital cataract and genetic eye diseases to be among the commonest causes of childhood blindness.
Conclusion: Upper respiratory tract infection, ophthalmia neonatorum
, and diarrhea were found to be the most common morbidities associated with HIV-exposed formula-fed infants on ARV prophylaxis.
(neonatal conjunctivitis) can be easily prevented with prophylactic administration of topical antimicrobial drugs, as recommended by global guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections (1).
In infants, MRSA infection also should be included in the differential diagnosis of ophthalmia neonatorum
A narrative review by Hammerschlag concluded that prenatal screening and antenatal treatment of cervical infection syndrome was effective for preventing gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
A nationwide survey of prophylaxis against ophthalmia neonatorum
Epidemiology and control of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
Ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
was largely caused by gonorrhoea in 1881 when Carl Crede described its prophylaxis with the instillation of eye drops consisting of a 2% aqueous solution of silver nitrate.