opportunistic infection


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Related to opportunistic infection: Opportunistic pathogen

opportunistic infection

n.
An infection by a microorganism or virus that normally does not cause disease but becomes pathogenic when the body's immune system is impaired, as in AIDS patients.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.opportunistic infection - any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
infection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
aspergillosis - an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs
Translations
maladie opportuniste
References in periodicals archive ?
The precise type of opportunistic infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan/parasitic) that occurs depends on the type and extent of immunologic alteration, whether it is cellular, humoral, phagocytic, or a combined defect; and on organisms present inside and outside the body.
Starting in 1996, several studies and cohorts demonstrated dramatic decreases in mortality and opportunistic infections with the widespread availability of the protease inhibitors.
The patient was positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but he had no history of opportunistic infections.
Disseminated MAC is the fastest growing bacterial opportunistic infection that occurs in as many as 40 percent of patients with advanced HIV disease.
Nontuberculous mycobacteria, which are widespread in the environment, frequently cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.
Disseminated MAC is a bacterial opportunistic infection that occurs in as many as 40 percent of patients with advanced HIV disease.
Long-term use of topical steroids has not increased the rates of opportunistic infections and it is safe when used properly.
Prophylaxis against MAC, as with other AIDS-related opportunistic infections, offers real benefits to people with AIDS," says Fred Gordin, M.
PCP is the most common and frequently the first opportunistic infection to develop in people with HIV disease.
Oral warts are an increasingly common opportunistic infection in HIV-infected individuals, and recognition of this oral manifestation of HIV infection is important for these individuals as well as health care providers involved in their care.
The body's defenses are suppressed, exposing patients to opportunistic infection by harmful invaders.
Now, however, given various factors--the fact that TB transmission has been on the rise since the early 1980s, the emerging threat of MDR-TB, and TB's role as an opportunistic infection in HIV patients--government agencies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and pharmaceutical companies have a renewed interest in developing drugs for TB.