opsonize

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op·so·nize

 (ŏp′sə-nīz′)
tr.v. op·so·nized, op·so·niz·ing, op·so·niz·es
To make (bacteria or other pathogens) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes.

[From opsonin.]

op′so·ni·za′tion (-nĭ-zā′shən) n.

opsonize

(ˈɒpsəˌnaɪz) or

opsonise

;

opsonify

(ɒpˈsɒnɪˌfaɪ)
vb
(Biochemistry) (tr) to subject (bacteria) to the action of opsonins
ˌopsoniˈzation, ˌopsoniˈsation, opˌsonifiˈcation n

opsonize


Past participle: opsonized
Gerund: opsonizing

Imperative
opsonize
opsonize
Present
I opsonize
you opsonize
he/she/it opsonizes
we opsonize
you opsonize
they opsonize
Preterite
I opsonized
you opsonized
he/she/it opsonized
we opsonized
you opsonized
they opsonized
Present Continuous
I am opsonizing
you are opsonizing
he/she/it is opsonizing
we are opsonizing
you are opsonizing
they are opsonizing
Present Perfect
I have opsonized
you have opsonized
he/she/it has opsonized
we have opsonized
you have opsonized
they have opsonized
Past Continuous
I was opsonizing
you were opsonizing
he/she/it was opsonizing
we were opsonizing
you were opsonizing
they were opsonizing
Past Perfect
I had opsonized
you had opsonized
he/she/it had opsonized
we had opsonized
you had opsonized
they had opsonized
Future
I will opsonize
you will opsonize
he/she/it will opsonize
we will opsonize
you will opsonize
they will opsonize
Future Perfect
I will have opsonized
you will have opsonized
he/she/it will have opsonized
we will have opsonized
you will have opsonized
they will have opsonized
Future Continuous
I will be opsonizing
you will be opsonizing
he/she/it will be opsonizing
we will be opsonizing
you will be opsonizing
they will be opsonizing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been opsonizing
you have been opsonizing
he/she/it has been opsonizing
we have been opsonizing
you have been opsonizing
they have been opsonizing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been opsonizing
you will have been opsonizing
he/she/it will have been opsonizing
we will have been opsonizing
you will have been opsonizing
they will have been opsonizing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been opsonizing
you had been opsonizing
he/she/it had been opsonizing
we had been opsonizing
you had been opsonizing
they had been opsonizing
Conditional
I would opsonize
you would opsonize
he/she/it would opsonize
we would opsonize
you would opsonize
they would opsonize
Past Conditional
I would have opsonized
you would have opsonized
he/she/it would have opsonized
we would have opsonized
you would have opsonized
they would have opsonized
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.opsonize - make (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
References in periodicals archive ?
After incubation, serum opsonized zymosan (25 uL) and intracellular reactive oxygen species detecting probe (25 uL), luminol were added into each well, except blank wells containing only HBSS++.
The possibility for clearing a higher number of opsonized bacteria by phagocytes was markedly outlined at the background of reduced phagocytosis.
Literature suggests that antibody detection by elution is as efficacious as performing flow cytometry for the detection of antibody from a small population of opsonized cells.
3-Aminophthalhydrazide (luminol), concanavalin A (Con A), 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazoIium bromide (MTT) reagent, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled opsonized Escherichia coli, fetal bovine serum (FBS), ficoll, Hank's balance salt solution (HBSS), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Lymphoprep[TM] gradient (1077 mg/ml), phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) tablet, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI)-1640, streptomycin, penicillin and trypan blue reagent were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Corp (St Louis, MO, USA).
After contact with opsonized microorganism, phagocytosis occurs.
Binding of receptors for the Fc portion of antibodies (Fc receptors) to opsonized microorganisms is one of the most important mechanisms for pathogen recognition and activation of neutrophils [11].
Recently, we showed that neutrophils efficiently phagocytose and kill opsonized NTHi bacteria (29), but decreased neutrophil phagocytic capacity among the elderly may impair this host defense and contribute to poorer clinical outcomes during NTHi infection.
The complement system triggers a biochemical cascade in which foreign cells are first opsonized (i.
The receptor also contributes to phagocytosis of opsonized microorganisms.
The phagocytic capability of adherent macrophages was dogged by using 3% suspension of unopsonized and opsonized SRBC inoculation into the culture medium for the study of engulfment percentage and engulfment/cell competence of macrophages.
Nowday, carrier vehicles for the delivery of hydrophobic drugs are associated with several disadvantages: conventional emulsions, micelles and liposomes are thermodynamically unstable; lipophilic carriers cluster in blood flow and are rapidly opsonized and massively cleared by liver and spleen; loading capacity of hydrophobic drugs into hydrophilic carriers is limited.