optical fiber

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optical fiber

A flexible transparent fiber of extremely pure glass or plastic, generally between 10 and 200 microns in diameter, through which light can be transmitted by successive internal reflections, commonly used in telecommunications.

fi′ber op′tics

or fi′ber•op′tics,

the technology of sending computer data, video and voice signals, etc., through laser-generated light carried in bundles of ultrapure, transparent fiber (optical fiber) whose refraction properties allow the light to be transmitted around curves.
fi`ber•op′tic, adj.

optical fiber

A flexible transparent fiber, usually made of glass or plastic, through which light can be reflected to transmit images or data from one end to the other. Unlike other communications cables, which are made of metal and transmit data as fluctuating electric currents, optical fibers transmit data as pulses of light. See more at fiber optics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.optical fiber - a very thin fiber made of glass that functions as a waveguide for light; used in bundles to transmit images
fiber optic cable, fibre optic cable - a cable made of optical fibers that can transmit large amounts of information at the speed of light
fiberscope - a flexible medical instrument involving fiber optics that is used to examine internal organs
fiber, fibre - a slender and greatly elongated substance capable of being spun into yarn
References in periodicals archive ?
The optical fiber cable will be used by NTT East and NTT West in late July.
The deregulation of NTT's optical fiber network was first raised on June 11, 2003, by Upper House member Hiroshige Seko (LDP, Wakayama Prefecture).
The Access ADVANTAGE system is the first end-to-end FTTP optical fiber cabling system that enables low cost for current and future PON applications, point to point, and mixed architecture networks, for analog and digital voice, data and video applications.
3]--well within the combined uncertainty for both laboratories--demonstrating that optical fiber power measurements from the laboratories are among the best in the world.
Rattazzi, Alcatel; "An inorganic optical fiber protection system for premise cables," J.
As different as an Antarctic sponge habitat and a North Carolina optical fiber factory may seem, they create a similar product: thin strands of glass that can conduct light along their length even when curved.
As a kind of raw material for optical fiber production, optical fiber preform features manufacturers are primarily concentrated in Japan, Europe and America, while other countries rely upon importing optical fiber preform to produce optical fiber and cable.
Technical Digest: Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, 2002, NIST Special Publication 988 (2002).
They showed theoretically that the distant lasers can be synchronized by injecting light from one directly into the other via an optical fiber.
FOSTEC's new optical fiber converter, Media Converter, transforms optical signal into electronic signal on the Ethernet and deliver half or full-duplex of 10/100Mbps, which is equal to the normal communication converter with copper line.
NIST will provide traceable measurements for polarization dependent loss (PDL) in optical fiber and fiber components, using an artifact standard made available to customers through a Measurement Assurance Program (MAP).
Using optical fiber interferometers, they succeeded in transmitting both single photons and pairs of correlated photons for distances of up to 10 km.

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