oral


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Related to oral: cosmopolitan

O·ral

 (ôr′əl) or U·ralsk (yo͝o-rălsk′, o͞o-rälsk′)
A city of northwest Kazakhstan on the Ural River south-southeast of Samara, Russia. Founded by Cossacks c. 1622, it is a processing and manufacturing center.

o·ral

 (ôr′əl)
adj.
1. Spoken rather than written.
2. Of or relating to the mouth: oral surgery.
3. Used in or taken through the mouth: an oral thermometer; an oral vaccine.
4. Consisting of or using speech: oral instruction.
5. Linguistics Articulated through the mouth only, with the nasal passages closed.
6. Psychology Of or relating to the first stage of psychosexual development in psychoanalytic theory, from birth to about 18 months, during which the mouth is the chief focus of exploration and pleasure. The oral stage is followed by the anal stage.
n. often orals
An academic examination in which questions and answers are spoken rather than written.

[Late Latin ōrālis, from Latin ōs, ōr-, mouth; see ōs- in Indo-European roots.]

o′ral·ly adv.

oral

(ˈɔːrəl; ˈɒrəl)
adj
1. spoken or verbal: an oral agreement.
2. (Medicine) relating to, affecting, or for use in the mouth: an oral thermometer.
3. (Zoology) of or relating to the surface of an animal, such as a jellyfish, on which the mouth is situated
4. (Medicine) denoting a drug to be taken by mouth: an oral contraceptive. Compare parenteral
5. of, relating to, or using spoken words
6. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics pronounced with the soft palate in a raised position completely closing the nasal cavity and allowing air to pass out only through the mouth
7. (Psychoanalysis) psychoanal
a. relating to a stage of psychosexual development during which the child's interest is concentrated on the mouth
b. denoting personality traits, such as dependence, selfishness, and aggression, resulting from fixation at the oral stage. Compare anal2, genital2, phallic2
n
(Education) an examination in which the questions and answers are spoken rather than written
[C17: from Late Latin orālis, from Latin ōs face]
ˈorally adv

o•ral

(ˈɔr əl, ˈoʊr-)

adj.
1. uttered by the mouth; spoken: oral testimony.
2. of, using, or transmitted by speech: oral teaching methods; oral traditions.
3. of or involving the mouth: oral hygiene.
4. done or administered through the mouth.
5. (of a speech sound) pronounced with all the air issuing through the mouth and none through the nose, as the normal English vowels or the consonants (b) and (v).
6.
a. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the earliest phase of psychosexual development, during which pleasure is derived from activities involving the mouth, as sucking, eating, and babbling.
b. of or pertaining to a group of adult behaviors and personality traits including eating, talking, feeding, and being friendly and generous.
n.
8. an oral examination in a school, college, or university, given esp. to a candidate for an advanced degree.
[1615–25; < Latin ōr- (s. of ōs) mouth + -al1]
o•ral′i•ty, n.
o′ral•ly, adv.
usage: See verbal.

o·ral

(ôr′əl)
Relating to the mouth.

aural

oral
1. 'aural'

Aural means 'relating to your ears and your sense of hearing'. Aural is pronounced /'ɔːrəl/ or /'aʊrəl/.

I have used written and aural material.
2. 'oral'

Oral means 'relating to your mouth'. It also describes things that involve speaking rather than writing. Oral is pronounced /'ɔːrəl/.

...an oral test in German.

Both aural and oral are fairly formal words. They are used mainly to talk about teaching methods and examinations.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oral - an examination conducted by spoken communication
exam, examination, test - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions"
Adj.1.oral - using speech rather than writing; "an oral tradition"; "an oral agreement"
spoken - uttered through the medium of speech or characterized by speech; sometimes used in combination; "a spoken message"; "the spoken language"; "a soft-spoken person"; "sharp-spoken"
2.oral - of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth; "oral hygiene"; "an oral thermometer"; "an oral vaccine"
3.oral - of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located; "the oral cavity"; "the oral mucous membrane"; "the oral surface of a starfish"
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
aboral - opposite to or away from the mouth; "the aboral surface of a starfish"
4.oral - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression
depth psychology, psychoanalysis, analysis - a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis"
anal retentive, anal - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.

oral

adjective spoken, vocal, verbal, unwritten, viva voce All students have to take a written and oral examination.

oral

adjective
1. Produced by the voice:
2. Expressed or transmitted in speech:
Translations
إمْتِحان شَفَهيإِمْتِحان شَفَهِيّشَفَهيشَفَهِيٌّفَمّي، عن طَريق الفَم
ústníústní zkouškaorální
mundtligmundtlig eksamenmund-
suullinensuullinen koe
usmenusmeni ispit
orálisszájon át
lisan
munn-, munnlegurmunnlegt prófmunnlegur
口頭の口頭試験
구두의구술시험
oralinisper burnąper burną imamasžodinisžodžiu
mutes-mutisks, mutvārdu-mutvārdu eksāmensorāls
ústna skúškaústny
usten
muntamuntlig
การสอบปากเปล่าที่ใช้การพูด
sözlüsözlü sınavağızdan alınan
bằng lời nóikỳ thi vấn đáp

oral

[ˈɔːrəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= spoken) [history, tradition, exam] → oral (Jur) [agreement, evidence] → verbal
2. (Med, Anat) [contraceptive, vaccine, sex] → oral; [hygiene] → bucal
B. Nexamen m oral

oral

[ˈɔːrəl]
adj
(= spoken) [tradition, agreement, test] → oral(e)
an oral exam → un oral
[hygiene] → oral(e); [contraceptive] → oral(e)
noral m
I've got my French oral soon → Je vais bientôt passer mon oral de français.oral examiner nexaminateur/trice m/f à l'oraloral history nhistoire f orale

oral

adj
consonant, phase, contraceptiveoral; vaccineoral verabreicht; medicinezum Einnehmen
(= verbal) communication, agreement, examination, tradition etcmündlich; to give oral evidence to a committeevor einer Kommission aussagen; to improve one’s oral skills in a languageeine Sprache besser sprechen lernen
nMündliche(s) nt

oral

:
oral cavity
nMundhöhle f
oral history
nOral History f, → mündliche Geschichtsdokumentation
oral hygiene
nMundhygiene f
oral intercourse
nOralverkehr m

oral

:
oral sex
nOralverkehr m
oral surgeon
nKieferchirurg(in) m(f)
oral surgery
nKieferchirurgie f
oral vaccination

oral

[ˈɔːrl]
1. adjorale
2. n (examination) → (esame m) orale m

oral

(ˈoːrəl) adjective
1. spoken, not written. an oral examination.
2. of or by the mouth. oral hygiene; an oral contraceptive.
noun
a spoken examination. He passed the written exam, but failed his oral.
ˈorally adverb
medicine to be taken orally.

oral

إِمْتِحان شَفَهِيّ, شَفَهِيٌّ ústní, ústní zkouška mundtlig, mundtlig eksamen mündlich, mündliche Prüfung προφορική εξέταση, προφορικός oral suullinen, suullinen koe oral usmen, usmeni ispit orale 口頭の, 口頭試験 구두의, 구술시험 mondeling muntlig, muntlig eksamen egzamin ustny, ustny exame oral, oral устный, устный экзамен munta, muntlig การสอบปากเปล่า, ที่ใช้การพูด sözlü bằng lời nói, kỳ thi vấn đáp 口头的, 口试

or·al

a. oral, bucal, rel. a la boca; verbal, hablado;
___ contraceptivepíldora contraceptiva;
___ diagnosisdiagnóstico bucal;
___ hygienehigiene bucal;
___surgerycirugía ___.

oral

adj oral, bucal
References in classic literature ?
Surveyor Pine, and from whose oral testimony he had made up his narrative, remembered her, in their youth, as a very old, but not decrepit woman, of a stately and solemn aspect.
Her appearance always acted as a damper to the curiosity raised by her oral oddities: hard-featured and staid, she had no point to which interest could attach.
A skillful individual in his closet with all the local codes before him, might compile a law on some subjects of taxation for the whole union, without any aid from oral information, and it may be expected that whenever internal taxes may be necessary, and particularly in cases requiring uniformity throughout the States, the more simple objects will be preferred.
M-m," was the stranger's only oral comment upon this startling announcement; but what he thought might have been partially interpreted through the pitying light that entered his eyes.
There he saw the grand-marshal, who charged him with an oral message to a Bonapartist in Paris, whose name I could not extract from him; but this mission was to prepare men's minds for a return (it is the man who says this, sire) -- a return which will soon occur.
Higginbotham's own oral testimony, in the negative.
He was to do this without the help of any written or printed specimens, with nothing in the shape of a grammar or analysis, but merely by oral communication with his Indian instructor, or with other natives, who, however comparatively intelligent, must from the nature of the case have been very imperfect teachers.
Palfrey, once remarkably handsome, had now become rather stout and asthmatical, and scarcely ever left home, her oral teaching could hardly be given anywhere except at Long Meadows.
The lively countenances of these people are wonderfully indicative of the emotions of the soul, and the imperfections of their oral language are more than compensated for by the nervous eloquence of their looks and gestures.
And just as the lily is repeated in the lake, or the eyes of Amaryllis in the mirror, so is the mere oral or written repetition of these forms, and sounds, and colors, and odors, and sentiments a duplicate source of de" light.
I cannot produce written proof again, but I can give as authentic oral testimony as you can desire, of what he is now wanting, and what he is now doing.
In utter silence they conversed, for they have no oral speech since they are without auditory nerves.