Vaccines under the EPI are birth doses for hepatitis B and BGC, oral poliovirus vaccine
, pentavalent vaccine (antimeasles, measles, mumps, rubella) and tetanus toxoid.
Based on United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, national vaccination coverage among infants with 3 doses of oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV [OPV3]) delivered through the routine immunization program was 72% in 2016, unchanged from 2014 and 2015 estimates (5).
Success, in large part, has hinged on the use of trivalent, live attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine
(tOPV) throughout much of the world.
Since the World Health Assembly endorsed a plan to completely eradicate polio in 1988, the large-scale use of the attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV) has drastically decreased the number of polio cases.
There are two types of vaccines that can prevent polio: inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV)," said HMC's Senior Consultant in Pediatrics Dr Magda Ahmed Youssef.
Endemic poliomyelitis has been eliminated from most parts of the world by vaccination with live attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV) and inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) (3).
During 2013, estimated national routine vaccination coverage of infants with 3 doses of oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV3) was 71% in Afghanistan and 72% in Pakistan.
Lead author Dr Jacob John from Christian Medical College, India said that adding a supplementary IPV dose to children already vaccinated with oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV) may hasten polio eradication by boosting herd immunity in endemic regions, acted as a booster to prevent international spread by travellers, and minimise the risk of polio outbreaks due to imported wildtype or vaccine-derived polioviruses.
Cost-effectiveness analysis of changing from live oral poliovirus vaccine
to inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Australia.
99% decline worldwide in polio cases since the launch of the GPEI is attributable to the extensive use of the live, attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine
(OPV) in mass vaccination campaigns and comprehensive national routine immunization programs.