To accomplish this Tokita applies the methodology of Yokomichi's structural model, Parry-Lord oral-formulaic
theory, and Machida's cross-genre research method, so that the book examines the literature and music of each work while the accompanying audio CD presents the performing styles.
The major tools for the present research were the theory of Oral-Formulaic
Composition and insights from corpus linguistics and lexicography.
Other topics considered include the structure of the manuscript, oral-formulaic
theory and Old Norse poetry, and eddic verse and other Germanic poetry.
document the broad reach of the so-called Oral-Formulaic
3) Approaches--folkloristic and anthropological--to the mechanics of oral transmission are reviewed in Ruth Finnegan, Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts: A Guide to Research Practices (London: Routledge, 1992); and John Miles Foley, Oral-Formulaic
Theory and Research: An Introduction and Annotated Bibliography (New York: Garland, 1985).
This encounter shaped his subsequent work, not only his many explorations of orality and literacy's interactions in medieval music, but also his involvement with scholarship in the oral-formulaic
field (here specifically chap.
Ong would likely observe that while exhibiting something of oral antagonism in its disagreement with Pittacus and something of oral-formulaic
practice in its sententious content, it nevertheless functions as an item of written expression and, as such, shows considerable complexity in its grammatical procedures and inferential requirements.
Chapter i examines oral-formulaic
remnants in the 'Hero on the beach' episode found in numerous texts, and chapter ii considers genetic aspects of the Breton lays (which Tajiri several times calls 'fairy tales'), contrasting tail-rhyme and couplet narratives according to structure, content, and treatment.
Although it would still be eleven years before the thesis saw print in 1960, it sparked the introduction of the so-called "Oral Theory" of Parry and steered Lord to Old English poetry via a 1953 article entitled "The Oral-Formulaic
Character of Anglo-Saxon Narrative Poetry" authored by one of Lord's dissertation advisors, Francis P.
According to Graves, the function of the Nordic scop (an old English name for a harpist and poet-singer who commanded full mastery of the complex oral-formulaic
materials of old Germanic prosody) was twofold: the poet's first task was as a "shaper" of charms to protect the King and thus insure prosperity for the kingdom, but, secondarily, to persuade "a ship's crew to pull rhythmically and uncomplainingly on their oars against the rough waves of the North Sea by singing them ballads in time to the beat.
Here was an epic that did not conform to the oral-formulaic
theory quite so neatly as did the Homeric and South Slavic epics.
Friedman, "The Oral-Formulaic
Theory of Balladry - A Re-rebuttal', in The Ballad Image: Essays Presented to Bcrtrand Harris Bronson, ed.