orange


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Or·ange

 (ôr′ĭnj, ŏr′-)
Princely family of Europe ruling continuously in the Netherlands since 1815. The name was first used for a former principality of southeast France that passed to the house of Nassau in 1530.

or·ange

 (ôr′ĭnj, ŏr′-)
n.
1.
a. Any of several evergreen trees of the genus Citrus of Southeast Asia, widely cultivated in warm regions and having fragrant white flowers and round fruit with a yellowish or reddish rind and a sectioned, pulpy interior, especially the sweet orange and the bitter orange.
b. The fruit of any of these trees, having a sweetish, acidic juice.
2. Any of several similar plants, such as the Osage orange and the mock orange.
3. The hue of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between red and yellow, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 590 to 630 nanometers; any of a group of colors between red and yellow in hue, of medium lightness and moderate saturation.
adj.
1. Of the color orange.
2. Made from oranges.
3. Tasting or smelling like oranges.

[Middle English, from Old French pume orenge, translation and alteration (influenced by Orenge, Orange, a town in France) of Old Italian melarancio : mela, apple + arancio, orange tree (alteration of Arabic nāranj, from Persian nārang, from Sanskrit nāraṅgaḥ, possibly of Dravidian origin).]

or′ang·y, or′ang·ey (-ĭn-jē) adj.
Word History: If we trace the origin of the English word orange from its source, we follow the path of the fruit as its popularity expands from Asia to Europe. The ultimate origins of the word lie in the Dravidian language family, a family of languages spoken in South Asia that includes Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu. The modern Tamil word for an orange, for example, is nāram, and in ancient times, a Dravidian word similar to this was adopted into the Indo-European language Sanskrit as nāraṅgaḥ. As the fruit passed westward from India, so did the word for it, becoming Persian nārang and Arabic nāranj. The Arabs brought the first oranges to Spain and Sicily between the 8th and 10th centuries, and from there the popularity of the fruit spread throughout Europe. The Arabic word is the source of Old Italian arancio, "orange tree," and this word was compounded with Old Italian mela, "apple," to make melarancio, referring to the fruit of the orange tree. Old Italian melarancio was translated into Old French as pume d'orenge, "apple of the orange tree." The a in the Old Italian word was replaced by o in Old French due to the influence of the name of the town of Orange (from which oranges reached the northern part of France) and possibly also due to the influence of the Old French word or, "gold" (by association with the rich color of the fruit). In the final stage in the journey of the word, the Old French form was borrowed into Middle English, at first spelled orenge in a text dating from around 1400. The English word orange begins to be used to designate the color orange in the 16th century.

orange

(ˈɒrɪndʒ)
n
1. (Plants) any of several citrus trees, esp Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) and the Seville orange, cultivated in warm regions for their round edible fruit. See also tangerine1
2. (Plants)
a. the fruit of any of these trees, having a yellowish-red bitter rind and segmented juicy flesh. See also navel orange
b. (as modifier): orange peel.
3. (Forestry) the hard wood of any of these trees
4. (Colours) any of a group of colours, such as that of the skin of an orange, that lie between red and yellow in the visible spectrum in the approximate wavelength range 620–585 nanometres
5. (Dyeing) a dye or pigment producing these colours
6. (Textiles) orange cloth or clothing: dressed in orange.
7. (Plants) any of several trees or herbaceous plants that resemble the orange, such as mock orange
adj
of the colour orange
[C14: via Old French from Old Provençal auranja, from Arabic nāranj, from Persian nārang, from Sanskrit nāranga, probably of Dravidian origin]

Orange

n
1. (Placename) a river in S Africa, rising in NE Lesotho and flowing generally west across the South African plateau to the Atlantic: the longest river in South Africa. Length: 2093 km (1300 miles)
2. (Placename) a town in SE France: a small principality in the Middle Ages, the descendants of which formed the House of Orange. Pop: 27 989 (1999). Ancient name: Arausio

Orange

(ˈɒrɪndʒ)
n
1. (Biography) a princely family of Europe. Its possessions, originally centred in S France, passed in 1544 to the count of Nassau, who became William I of Orange and helped to found the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Since 1815 it has been the name of the reigning house of the Netherlands. It was the ruling house of Great Britain and Ireland under William III and Mary (1689–94) and under William III as sole monarch (1694–1702)
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (modifier) of or relating to the Orangemen
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (modifier) of or relating to the royal dynasty of Orange

or•ange

(ˈɔr ɪndʒ, ˈɒr-)

n.
1. any of various globose, reddish yellow, bitter or sweet, edible citrus fruits.
2. any of various white-flowered evergreen trees of the genus Citrus, bearing such fruit.
3. a color between yellow and red in the spectrum, an effect of light with a wavelength between 590 and 610 nm; reddish yellow.
adj.
4. of or pertaining to the orange.
5. prepared with oranges or orangelike flavoring: orange sherbet.
6. of the color orange; reddish yellow.
[1300–50; Middle English < Old French orenge, c. Sp naranja < Arabic nāranj < Persian nārang]

Or•ange

(ˈɔr ɪndʒ, ˈɒr-; Fr. ɔˈrɑ̃ʒ for 3,6 )

n.
1. a member of a European princely family ruling in the United Kingdom from 1689 to 1702 and in the Netherlands since 1815.
2. a river in the Republic of South Africa, flowing W from Lesotho to the Atlantic. 1300 mi. (2095 km) long.
3. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 119,890.
4. a town in SE France, near Avignon: Roman ruins. 26,468.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.orange - round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus treesorange - round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees
orange peel, orange rind - the rind of an orange
citrous fruit, citrus, citrus fruit - any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions
temple orange - large sweet easily-peeled Florida fruit with deep orange rind
bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange - highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade
sweet orange - orange with sweet juicy pulp; often has a thin skin
orange tree, orange - any citrus tree bearing oranges
2.orange - orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow
reddish orange - an orange color closer to red than to yellow
3.orange - any citrus tree bearing orangesorange - any citrus tree bearing oranges  
orange - round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees
genus Citrus - orange; lemon; lime; etc.
citrus tree, citrus - any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
orangewood - fine-grained wood of an orange tree; used in fine woodwork
bigarade, bitter orange, bitter orange tree, Citrus aurantium, marmalade orange, Seville orange, sour orange - any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
bergamot, bergamot orange, Citrus bergamia - small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery; Italy
Citrus sinensis, sweet orange tree, sweet orange - probably native to southern China; widely cultivated as source of table and juice oranges
Citrus nobilis, king orange, tangor, temple orange, temple orange tree - large citrus tree having large sweet deep orange fruit that is easily peeled; widely cultivated in Florida
4.orange - any pigment producing the orange color
pigment - dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
5.orange - a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic OceanOrange - a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean
Republic of South Africa, South Africa - a republic at the southernmost part of Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1910; first European settlers were Dutch (known as Boers)
Adj.1.orange - of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue

orange

Shades of orange

amber, burnt sienna, gold, grenadine, ochre, peach, tangerine, terracotta
Translations
اللّون البُرْتُقاليبُرْتُقالبُرتُقَالَةٌبُرْتُقالي الطَّعْمبُرْتُقالي اللون
oranžovýpomeranč
appelsinorange
oranĝarbooranĝkoloraoranĝooranĝujo
apelsinipuuoranž
appelsiinioranssiappelsiinipuu
narančanarančast
narancsnarancssárganarancsszínűnarancs-narancs szín
jerukjinggalimauoranye
appelsínaappelsínugulurappelsínu-
オレンジオレンジ色の
오렌지오렌지색의
apelsinasapelsinųoranžinė spalvaoranžinis
apelsīnsapelsīnu-oranža krāsaoranžs
oranjesinaasappelsinaasappelboomappelsienappelsienenboom
pomarańczapomarańczowydrzewo pomarańczowe
oranjportocalportocalăportocaliu
oranžová farbaoranžovýpomarančpomarančový
pomarančapomarančenoranženoranžna
apelsinorangeapelsin-färgadapelsinträdbrandgul
ที่มีสีส้มส้ม
portakalportakal rengiportakal renkliportakal tadındaturuncu
có màu da camquả cam

orange

[ˈɒrɪndʒ]
A. N (= fruit) → naranja f (also orange tree) → naranjo m; (= colour) → naranja m; (= orangeade) → naranjada f (con burbujas); (= orange squash) → naranjada f (sin burbujas)
B. ADJ
1. (in colour) → naranja inv, (de) color naranja inv
bright orangenaranja fuerte or chillón, (de) color naranja fuerte or chillón
2. (in taste) [flavour] → a naranja
C. CPD orange blossom Nazahar m, flor f de naranjo
orange box, orange crate (US) Ncaja f de fruta
orange drink Nrefresco m de naranja
orange flower water Nagua f de azahar
orange grove Nnaranjal m
orange juice Njugo m de naranja, zumo m de naranja (Sp)
orange marmalade Nmermelada f de naranja
orange peel or rind Ncáscara f de naranja
orange sauce Nsalsa f de naranja
orange squash Nnaranjada f (sin burbujas)
orange stick Npalito m de naranjo
orange tree Nnaranjo m

orange

[ˈɒrɪndʒ]
n
(= fruit) → orange f
[colour] → orange m
(= orange drink) → orangeade f
adj (in colour)orange inv
modif [zest, rind] → d'orange; [sauce, cake] → à l'orange; [flavour] → à l'orange orange tree

orange

n
(= fruit)Orange f, → Apfelsine f; (= tree)Orangen- or Apfelsinenbaum m; (= drink)Orangensaft m
(= colour)Orange nt
adj
Orangen-; orange flavour (Brit) or flavor (US) → Orangengeschmack m
(colour) → orange inv, → orange(n)farben or -farbig; bright orangegrellorange

orange

:
orange blossom
nOrangenblüte f (wird von Bräuten zur Hochzeit getragen)
orange box
nObst- or Apfelsinenkiste f
orange-coloured, (US) orange-colored
adjorange(n)farben or -farbig
Orange Day
n Jahrestag der Schlacht an der Boyne (1690) am 12. Juli (Festtag der Protestanten in Nordirland)
orange flower water
nOrangenblütenwasser nt
Orange Free State
orange grove
nOrangenhain m
orange juice
nOrangensaft m, → O-Saft m (inf)
Orangeman
nMitglied ntdes Oranierordens
Orangeman’s Day
Orange March
nDemonstration fdes Oranienordens
orange marmalade
Orange Order
nOranienorden m (protestantische Vereinigung, die den Namen Wilhelms von Oranien trägt)
orange peel

orange

:
orange squash
n (Brit) → Orangenkonzentrat nt; (diluted) → Orangengetränk nt
orange stick
nManikürstäbchen nt
orange zest

orange

[ˈɒrɪndʒ]
1. n (fruit) → arancia; (tree) → arancio; (colour) → arancione m
2. adj (in colour) → arancione; (juice, jelly) → d'arancia; (marmalade) → di arance; (cake) → all'arancia

orange

(ˈorindʒ) noun
1. a type of juicy citrus fruit with a thick reddish-yellow skin. I'd like an orange; (also adjective) an orange tree.
2. the colour of this fruit.
adjective
1. of the colour orange. an orange dress.
2. with the taste of orange juice. an orange drink.

orange

بُرتُقَالَةٌ, بُرْتُقَالِيٌّ oranžový, pomeranč appelsin, orange orange πορτοκαλής, πορτοκάλι naranja appelsiini, oranssi orange naranča, narančast arancia, arancione オレンジ, オレンジ色の 오렌지, 오렌지색의 oranje, sinaasappel appelsin, oransje pomarańcza, pomarańczowy laranja апельсин, оранжевый apelsin, orange ที่มีสีส้ม, ส้ม portakal, portakal rengi có màu da cam, quả cam , 橙色的

or·ange

n. naranja;
___ grovenaranjal;
orangeadenaranjada.

orange

adj naranja, anaranjado; n (color) naranja m; (fruit) naranja
References in classic literature ?
Meg's had roses and heliotrope, myrtle, and a little orange tree in it.
The Big Four paints its stations a nasty orange color.
Further away still, vegetable gardens abounded, with frequent small plantations of orange or lemon trees intervening.
It is a dull yet lurid orange in some places, a sickly sulphur tint in others.
The forests had put on their sober brown and yellow, while some trees of the tenderer kind had been nipped by the frosts into brilliant dyes of orange, purple, and scarlet.
Now as the blubber envelopes the whale precisely as the rind does an orange, so is it stripped off from the body precisely as an orange is sometimes stripped by spiralizing it.
In some previous place I have described to you how the blubber wraps the body of the whale, as the rind wraps an orange.
I well remember one morning, as we were on the stand waiting for a fare, that a young man, carrying a heavy portmanteau, trod on a piece of orange peel which lay on the pavement, and fell down with great force.
Shelby was thoughtfully peeling an orange, Haley broke out afresh, with becoming diffidence, but as if actually driven by the force of truth to say a few words more.
Suppose a man stepped on an orange peel in that yard; there would be nothing for him to seize; nothing could keep him from rolling; five revolutions would bring him to the edge, and over he would go.
It was trimmed with a twist of buff ribbon and a cluster of black and orange porcupine quills, which hung or bristled stiffly over one ear, giving her the quaintest and most unusual appearance.
It abounded in fruits of almost every description, from the hardy apple of the north to the delicate orange of the south.