organic compound


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Noun1.organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
aliphatic compound - organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
alkylbenzene - organic compound that has an alkyl group bound to a benzene ring
alkyl halide, haloalkane - organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
diamine - any organic compound containing two amino groups
enol - an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group bonded to a carbon atom which in turn is doubly bonded to another carbon atom
halon - a compound in which the hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by bromine and other halogen atoms; very stable; used in fire extinguishers although it is thought to release bromine that depletes the ozone layer
peptone - any of various water-soluble compounds that form by hydrolysis in the digestion of proteins to amino acids
quaternary ammonium compound - a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface-active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs
proenzyme, zymogen - any of a group of compounds that are inactive precursors of enzymes and require some change (such as the hydrolysis of a fragment that masks an active enzyme) to become active
propylthiouracil - a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
ether - any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom
acetal - any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules
aldehyde-alcohol, aldol - an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
amide - any organic compound containing the group -CONH2
rennet - a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
azadirachtin - insecticide
thiazine - a compound made up of a ring of four carbon atoms and one sulfur atom and one nitrogen atom
cacodyl, tetramethyldiarsine - a poisonous oily liquid with a garlicky odor composed of 2 cacodyl groups; undergoes spontaneous combustion in dry air
neurochemical - any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
acid anhydrides, acyl anhydrides - organic compounds that react with water to form an acid
acid halide, acyl halide - organic compounds containing the group -COX where X is a halogen atom
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
coal-tar creosote, creosote - a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood
creosote - a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
cyanohydrin - any organic compound in which the cyano radical -CN and the hydroxyl radical -OH are attached to the same carbon atom
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
furan, furane, furfuran - a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
resin, rosin - any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
halocarbon - one of various compounds of carbon and any of the halogens
hemiacetal - an organic compound usually formed as an intermediate product in the preparation of acetals from aldehydes or ketones
erythrocytolysin, erythrolysin, haemolysin, hemolysin - any substance that can cause lysis (destruction) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their hemoglobin
humic substance - an organic residue of decaying organic matter
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
nitrobenzene - a poisonous oily water-soluble liquid used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline
oxime - any compound containing the group -C=NOH
petrochemical - any compound obtained from petroleum or natural gas
References in classic literature ?
On the other hand, I used to find Paul Tichlorne plunged as deeply into the study of light polarization, diffraction, and interference, single and double refraction, and all manner of strange organic compounds.
An organic compound is any compound that contains a carbon chain or backbone.
Environmental issues and green technologies are also among the leading topics this year, with special sessions devoted to volatile organic compound reductions, renewable content polyols, and environment, health and safety.
The fiber has a composition comprising an aliphatic polyester and 1-50% by weight of one compound selected from the group consisting of a polyether having a C2 to C4 alkylene group, their derivatives, an organic compound having a sulfo group, an organic compound having a sulfate group, an organic compound having a carboxyl group, an organic compound having a phosphate group, an organic compound having an amino group, an organic compound having an amido group and an organic compound having an amino group and an amido group.
The DBE-LVP is tailored to meet both California's low vapor pressure/volatile organic compound criteria and the U.
Salicyclic acid was used as the model contaminant for this project because it is a very common and useful organic compound.
Tokyo, Japan, July 26, 2005 - (JCNN) - Mitsubishi Motors announced on July 22 that it will reduce the levels of volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in vehicles by combining several measures to improve vehicle interior environments.
As Professor Brainard explains, Flubber bridges metastable compounds with an organic compound.
URS' Sacramento staff will conduct the design, installation, testing, and operation and maintenance of soil vapor extraction and treatment systems to remediate volatile organic compound affected soils resulting from many years of industrial operations.
2~ (as shown in equation 4), but it may be that equation 1, the oxidation of the organic compound by oxygen, occurs first with the resulting water converted into |H.
x]) and volatile organic compound (VOC)] emissions estimates for 1996 to predict ozone levels in the 2050s.