organic compound


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Noun1.organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
aliphatic compound - organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
alkylbenzene - organic compound that has an alkyl group bound to a benzene ring
alkyl halide, haloalkane - organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
diamine - any organic compound containing two amino groups
enol - an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group bonded to a carbon atom which in turn is doubly bonded to another carbon atom
halon - a compound in which the hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by bromine and other halogen atoms; very stable; used in fire extinguishers although it is thought to release bromine that depletes the ozone layer
peptone - any of various water-soluble compounds that form by hydrolysis in the digestion of proteins to amino acids
quaternary ammonium compound - a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface-active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs
proenzyme, zymogen - any of a group of compounds that are inactive precursors of enzymes and require some change (such as the hydrolysis of a fragment that masks an active enzyme) to become active
propylthiouracil - a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
ether - any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom
acetal - any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules
aldehyde-alcohol, aldol - an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
amide - any organic compound containing the group -CONH2
rennet - a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
azadirachtin - insecticide
thiazine - a compound made up of a ring of four carbon atoms and one sulfur atom and one nitrogen atom
cacodyl, tetramethyldiarsine - a poisonous oily liquid with a garlicky odor composed of 2 cacodyl groups; undergoes spontaneous combustion in dry air
neurochemical - any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
acid anhydrides, acyl anhydrides - organic compounds that react with water to form an acid
acid halide, acyl halide - organic compounds containing the group -COX where X is a halogen atom
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
coal-tar creosote, creosote - a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood
creosote - a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
cyanohydrin - any organic compound in which the cyano radical -CN and the hydroxyl radical -OH are attached to the same carbon atom
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
furan, furane, furfuran - a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
resin, rosin - any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
halocarbon - one of various compounds of carbon and any of the halogens
hemiacetal - an organic compound usually formed as an intermediate product in the preparation of acetals from aldehydes or ketones
erythrocytolysin, erythrolysin, haemolysin, hemolysin - any substance that can cause lysis (destruction) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their hemoglobin
humic substance - an organic residue of decaying organic matter
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
nitrobenzene - a poisonous oily water-soluble liquid used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline
oxime - any compound containing the group -C=NOH
petrochemical - any compound obtained from petroleum or natural gas
References in classic literature ?
On the other hand, I used to find Paul Tichlorne plunged as deeply into the study of light polarization, diffraction, and interference, single and double refraction, and all manner of strange organic compounds.
2] is also a potent photocatalyst that can break down almost any organic compound, and a number of companies are seeking to capitalize on Ti[O.
Basically these types of paints are the single largest source of volatile organic compound emission outside of cars and trucks,'' said AQMD spokesman Bill Kelly.
The most significant result of the field study is that no detectable (quantifiable) concentrations of any organic compound in the 45,000 compound library searched was found in any well at any of the four landfills studied.
From bench- to pilot-scale experimentation: the treatment of volatile organic compound emissions from spray paint booth applications using a biological trickling filtration reactor.
Utilizing proprietary agricultural technologies, Bodisen sells over 60 packaged products, broken down into 4 product categories: Organic Compound Fertilizer; Organic Liquid Fertilizer; Pesticides & Insecticides, and agricultural raw materials.
A two-stroke lawn mower emits as much smog-forming volatile organic compound pollution as 72 new cars driving at 30 mph.
Utilizing proprietary agricultural technologies, Bodisen sells over 60 packaged products, broken down into four product categories: Organic Compound Fertilizer; Organic Liquid Fertilizer; Pesticides & Insecticides, and agricultural raw materials.
AreaRAE is an active, 5-sensor, wireless monitoring system the utilizes RAE Systems' patented photoionization detectors to monitor for toxic levels of volatile organic compound (VOCs), fast responding Cesium Iodide detectors for gamma radiation, as well as lower explosive limit sensors, toxic industrial chemical sensors and breathable oxygen level sensors.
Toluene, a volatile organic compound often used as an indicator of human-made pollution, also emanates from plants, a new study finds.
Utilizing proprietary technologies, Bodisen sells over 60 packaged products in 3 product categories: Organic Compound Fertilizer; Organic Liquid Fertilizer; and Pesticides & Insecticides.
Strict environmental regulations are also driving the market by enhancing demand for low or zero-volatile organic compound (VOC) coatings such as water-based, high solid, powder, and radiation-cure coatings as against conventional solvent-based coatings.