organism


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or·gan·ism

 (ôr′gə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. An individual form of life, such as a bacterium, protist, fungus, plant, or animal, composed of a single cell or a complex of cells in which organelles or organs work together to carry out the various processes of life.
2. A system regarded as analogous in its structure or functions to a living body: the social organism.

or′gan·is′mal (-nĭz′məl), or′gan·is′mic (-mĭk) adj.
or′gan·is′mi·cal·ly adv.

organism

(ˈɔːɡəˌnɪzəm)
n
1. (Biology) any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium
2. anything resembling a living creature in structure, behaviour, etc
ˌorganˈismal, ˌorganˈismic adj
ˌorganˈismally adv

or•gan•ism

(ˈɔr gəˌnɪz əm)

n.
1. any individual life form considered as an entity.
2. any complex, organized body or system analogous to a living being, esp. one composed of mutually interdependent parts functioning together.
[1655–65]
or`gan•is′mic, or`gan•is′mal, adj.
or`gan•is′mi•cal•ly, adv.

or·gan·ism

(ôr′gə-nĭz′əm)
An individual form of life, such as a bacterium, fungus, plant, or animal, that is capable of growing and reproducing. Organisms are composed of one or more cells.

organism

  • cultivar - An organism resulting from cultivation, from the combination of "cultivated variety."
  • scientific name - The recognized Latin name given to an organism, consisting of a genus and species, according to a taxonomy; also called the binomial name.
  • soma - The body of an organism.
  • macronutrient - One required in relatively large amounts by organisms, e.g. carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

organism

any animal or plant.
See also: Animals
any living thing or anything that resembles a living thing in complexity of structure or function.
See also: Organisms

organism

An individual living thing.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.organism - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independentlyorganism - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
animate thing, living thing - a living (or once living) entity
benthos - organisms (plants and animals) that live at or near the bottom of a sea
dwarf - a plant or animal that is atypically small
heterotroph - an organism that depends on complex organic substances for nutrition
parent - an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
plant life, flora, plant - (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
native - indigenous plants and animals
recombinant - a cell or organism in which genetic recombination has occurred
conspecific - an organism belonging to the same species as another organism
carrier - (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring
denizen - a plant or animal naturalized in a region; "denizens of field and forest"; "denizens of the deep"
amphidiploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having a diploid set of chromosomes from each parent
diploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell; i.e., two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
haploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
heteroploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species
polyploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
animalcule, animalculum - microscopic organism such as an amoeba or paramecium
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
aerobe - an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life
anaerobe - an organism (especially a bacterium) that does not require air or free oxygen to live
crossbreed, hybrid, cross - (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species; "a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey"
polymorph - an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites
congenator, congeneric, relative, congener - an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
plankton - the aggregate of small plant and animal organisms that float or drift in great numbers in fresh or salt water
nekton - the aggregate of actively swimming animals in a body of water ranging from microscopic organisms to whales
parasite - an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host
host - an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association
commensal - either of two different animal or plant species living in close association but not interdependent
myrmecophile - an organism such as an insect that habitually shares the nest of a species of ant
eucaryote, eukaryote - an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells
procaryote, prokaryote - a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma
zooid - one of the distinct individuals forming a colonial animal such as a bryozoan or hydrozoan
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
tissue - part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function
fertilized ovum, zygote - (genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell)
parthenote - a cell resulting from parthenogenesis
organic chemistry - the chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
clon, clone - a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction
2.organism - a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body; "the social organism"
system, scheme - a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going"

organism

noun creature, being, thing, body, animal, structure, beast, entity, living thing, critter (U.S. dialect) Not all chemicals present in living organisms are harmless.
Translations
كائِن حَيكَائِنٌ حَيٌّ
organismusorganizmus
organismeorganism
organismieliö
organizam
organizmus
lífvera
有機体
유기체
gyva būtybėorganizmas
organisms
organism
organism
สิ่งมีชีวิตเช่นพืชและสัตว์
organizmacanlı varlık
sinh vật

organism

[ˈɔːgənɪzəm] N (Bio) → organismo m

organism

[ˈɔːrgənɪzəm] norganisme m

organism

n (Biol, fig) → Organismus m

organism

[ˈɔːgəˌnɪzm] n (Bio) → organismo

organism

(ˈoːgənizəm) noun
a usually small living animal or plant. A pond is full of organisms.

organism

كَائِنٌ حَيٌّ organismus organism Organismus οργανισμός organismo organismi organisme organizam organismo 有機体 유기체 organisme organisme organizm organismo организм organism สิ่งมีชีวิตเช่นพืชและสัตว์ organizma sinh vật 生物体

or·ga·nism

n. organismo, ser viviente.

organism

n organismo; genetically modified — (GMO) organismo genéticamente modificado (OGM) or modificado genéticamente (OMG)
References in classic literature ?
A village is an organism, conscious of its several parts, as a town is not.
If thought could exercise its influence upon a living organism, might not thought exercise an influence upon dead and inorganic things?
No other industrial organism of equal size owes foreign countries so little.
He is then immediately taken from his proud yet sorrowing parents and adopted by some childless Equilateral, who is bound by oath never to permit the child henceforth to enter his former home or so much as to look upon his relations again, for fear lest the freshly developed organism may, by force of unconscious imitation, fall back again into his hereditary level.
They did it as a standing horse paws with his foot, or as a man enjoys killing animals in sport: because ancient and departed necessities had impressed it on the organism.
Before dawn the black vapour was pouring through the streets of Richmond, and the disintegrating organism of government was, with a last expiring effort, rousing the population of London to the necessity of flight.
Again, a beautiful object, whether it be a living organism or any whole composed of parts, must not only have an orderly arrangement of parts, but must also be of a certain magnitude; for beauty depends on magnitude and order.
Socialism, Communism, or whatever one chooses to call it, by converting private property into public wealth, and substituting co-operation for competition, will restore society to its proper condition of a thoroughly healthy organism, and insure the material well-being of each member of the community.
These virtues, so common all round him now, had been dormant in his own organism - where it might be said of them perhaps that they had slept the sleep of the just.
That hissing pant, as regular and full-volumed as the exhaust of an engine, spoke of a monstrous organism.
They followed the road with a sensation that they were soaring along in a supporting medium, possessed of original and profound thoughts, themselves and surrounding nature forming an organism of which all the parts harmoniously and joyously interpenetrated each other.
Naked and unarmed, as I was, my end would have been both speedy and horrible at the hands of these cruel creatures had I had time to put my resolve into execution, but at the moment of the shriek each member of the herd turned in the direction from which the sound seemed to come, and at the same instant every particular snake-like hair upon their heads rose stiffly perpendicular as if each had been a sentient organism looking or listening for the source or meaning of the wail.

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