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Related to organum: Mass ordinary

or·ga·num 1

n. pl. or·ga·na (-nə) or or·ga·nums
Any of several types of medieval vocal polyphony, usually based on Gregorian chant.

[Medieval Latin, from Late Latin, church organ, from Latin, instrument; see organ.]

or·ga·num 2

n. pl. or·ga·nums
Variant of organon.


n, pl -na (-nə) or -nums
1. (Music, other) a form of polyphonic music originating in the ninth century, consisting of a plainsong melody with parts added at the fourth and fifth
2. (Logic) a variant of organon
[C17: via Latin from Greek; see organ]


(ˈɔr gə nəm)

n., pl. -na (-nə), -nums.
2. medieval polyphony in which a cantus firmus is accompanied by lines in parallel motion at the interval of a fourth, fifth, or octave above or below.
[1605–15; < Latin; see organ]
References in classic literature ?
He had published his great work called the Novum Organum or New Instrument in which he taught men a new way of wisdom.
Evidence for this comes from his criticisms, in the Novum organum , of William Gilbert and his focus on magnetism.
30pm) Soloists from China's National Centre for the Performing Arts Orchestra Two of Arvo Part's most-admired works, Fratres and Summa, share a concert with Dobrinka Tabakova's Organum Light and Such Different Paths.
Dowley and his cohort of eight specializing contributors serve up nourishment of all kinds on subjects ranging from organum to organs from carillons to conch shells, from Bach to Brubeck.
The theoretical machinery in place, he then makes a tour through tonality's history, beginning with its first stirrings in 11th-century organum, passing through its classical heyday and romantic dissolution and concluding with its rejuvenation in the hands of 20th-century masters from Debussy to Bill Evans.
The word organum derives from organ, which scholars believe accompanied early chant.
No one who was there will forget his inspiring inaugural lecture, in which he held a room spellbound as he explicated, with wit and energy, the intricate dances of the skeleton formes used to print Francis Bacon's Navum Organum.
Bacon's Novum Organum, or New Method, was so titled to draw a distinction between his work and Aristotle's Organon, which he criticized for its nonempirical approach to scientific exploration (1).
They look at nature in Francis Bacon's Novum Organum (1620), gendering the jellyfish, an ecocritical reading of William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, Louise Gluck's 21st-century Persephone the Wanderer, the multiple genders of Orlando and nature in Virgina Woolf's Orlando, the politics of ambivalence in Annie Proulx' Brokeback Mountain, and other topics.
The practice of improvising up to three additional melodic lines over a pre-existing chant (the tenor) was widespread in Tuscany during Dante's lifetime; it seems certain that Dante was well acquainted with that improvised form of polyphony, called organum, which he also directly mentions in the Comedy.
In 2006 he recorded his first solo organ disc, Organum Maximum, on the organ of St Paul's, Wellington.
The Czechs sang this song using the text Buoh vsemohuci vstal z mrtvych zaduci, which became one of the most popular songs of the pre-Hussite period and has also been preserved in a version for two-voice organum.