For example, Heinz Werner (1957) proposed that human development follows the orthogenic
principle of movement from globality, to differentiation, to hierarchical integration.
Bruno Bettelheim (1967), who headed the University of Chicago's Orthogenic
School, supported the psychoanalytic dissection of the parent-child relationship resulting in the blamethe-parent mentality which carried over into the speculation about the cause of autism.
Leo Kanner (1949) described a syndrome he labeled "early infantile autism," and Bruno Bettelheim established the Orthogenic
School for severely disturbed children in Chicago.
Brutalheim," as he was sometimes called)--a Holocaust survivor, the acclaimed director of the Orthogenic
School for emotionally disturbed children at the University of Chicago, a prize-winning author of The Uses of Enchantment and A Good Enough Parent and, for a period during the Vietnam War, the arch-nemesis of Dr.
He wrote about the treatment of emotionally disturbed children and adolescents from his experience as director of the Orthogenic
School in Chicago for roughly 30 years; about child rearing, autism, fairy tales, prejudice, Jews and the holocaust, Eichmann, the Anne Frank family, rebellious students during the 1960s, humanism in Freud's writings, and many other lively topics of the day.
As director of the Orthogenic
School, the home for emotionally troubled children at the University of Chicago, and as the author of books like ``Love Is Not Enough'' and ``Truants From Life,'' he had secured his reputation as an expert on child psychology in general and on the condition known as infantile autism in particular.