For example, Heinz Werner (1957) proposed that human development follows the orthogenic
principle of movement from globality, to differentiation, to hierarchical integration.
Bruno Bettelheim (1967), who headed the University of Chicago's Orthogenic
School, supported the psychoanalytic dissection of the parent-child relationship resulting in the blamethe-parent mentality which carried over into the speculation about the cause of autism.
Leo Kanner (1949) described a syndrome he labeled "early infantile autism," and Bruno Bettelheim established the Orthogenic
School for severely disturbed children in Chicago.
The family, which will have a private service, asks that donations be made to the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic
School of the University of Chicago or the Eisenhower Medical Center Foundation in Rancho Mirage, California.
He wrote about the treatment of emotionally disturbed children and adolescents from his experience as director of the Orthogenic
School in Chicago for roughly 30 years; about child rearing, autism, fairy tales, prejudice, Jews and the holocaust, Eichmann, the Anne Frank family, rebellious students during the 1960s, humanism in Freud's writings, and many other lively topics of the day.