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Related to orthopteran: Siphonaptera, Dermaptera, Mantodea


Any of numerous insects of the order Orthoptera, having mouthparts that are adapted for chewing, usually two pairs of wings with thickened front wings and folded hind wings, and often enlarged hind legs. Orthopterans include the grasshoppers, crickets, and katydids.

[From New Latin Orthoptera, order name : Greek ortho-, ortho- + Greek ptera, neuter pl. of pteron, wing; see pet- in Indo-European roots.]

or·thop′ter·an, or·thop′ter·ous adj.


n, pl -teranspl -tera (-tərə)
(Animals) Also: orthopteron any orthopterous insect
(Zoology) another word for orthopterous


(ɔrˈθɒp tər ən)
an insect of the order Orthoptera, characterized by leathery forewings, membranous hind wings, and chewing mouthparts: includes the cockroaches, crickets, grasshoppers, and katydids.
[1895–1900; < New Latin orthopterus straight-winged (see ortho-, -pterous) + -an1]
or•thop′ter•ous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.orthopteran - any of various insects having leathery forewings and membranous hind wings and chewing mouthpartsorthopteran - any of various insects having leathery forewings and membranous hind wings and chewing mouthparts
insect - small air-breathing arthropod
order Orthoptera, Orthoptera - grasshoppers and locusts; crickets
grasshopper, hopper - terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping
cricket - leaping insect; male makes chirping noises by rubbing the forewings together
References in periodicals archive ?
The physical basis for frequency in orthopteran pure-tone songs has been well-documented and relies on a combination of a frequency multiplier and specialized resonating structure (Bennet-Clark 1999; Bennet-Clark 2003).
As the bush cricket Metrioptera roeselii (Hagenbach, 1822) is characterized by wing dimorphism and a higher frequency of long-winged individuals in dry-hot environmental conditions, this orthopteran classifies as an ideal candidate for climate studies (Marshall and Haes, 1988; Gardiner, 2009).
Differences were due to the handling of orthopteran prey (Tukey HSD test).
Many orthopteran insects and lepidopteran larvae exhibit genetic or cognitive-based responses to specific chemical cues associated with food plants and utilize these cues to make decisions concerning the amount of time to spend in a particular patch before switching to another location (Bernays 1993).
Particularly striking examples are the hind legs of orthopteran insects such as grasshopper, which have evolved into specialized jumping legs.
The results indicate that JH has a pro minent role in regulating vitellogenesis in this orthopteran, but they do not eliminate the possibility that other endocrine factors from the cerebral and/or retrocerebral neuroendocrine systems may also have regulatory functions in vitellogenesis.
Orthopteran sexual identity was of more than passing interest during the production of "Exorcist II: The Heretic" -- a late-night feature at this year's festival.
The current investigation originated from using tree-mounted wooden shelters to monitor and translocate rare endemic orthopteran insects ("weta"; Anostostomatidae and Rhaphidophoridae) in New Zealand nature reserves (Bowie et al.
scorpions (Scorpiones, Buthidae, Vaejovidae), whipscorpions (Uropygi, Thelyphonidae, Mastigoproctus giganteus), orthopteran insects (Acrididae) and millipedes (Diplopoda).
Although most bee flies attack aculeate Hymenoptera, some species of Bombyliidae are found seeking for hosts over open, sandy ground environments, attacking orthopteran egg pods or larvae of Myrmeleontidae (Kits et al.
Hausser (1880) was the first to study the olfactory function of the antennae of insects, and he described the anatomical structures of orthopteran, neuropteran, hemipteran, dipteran, lepidopteran and hymenopteran antennae.
Energy and nutrient dynamics of spider and orthopteran populations in a grassland ecosystem.