ought


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ought 1

 (ôt)
aux.v.
1. Used to indicate obligation or duty: You ought to work harder than that.
2. Used to indicate advisability or prudence: You ought to wear a raincoat.
3. Used to indicate desirability: You ought to have been there; it was great fun.
4. Used to indicate probability or likelihood: She ought to finish by next week.

[Middle English oughten, to be obliged to, from oughte, owned, from Old English āhte, past tense of āgan, to possess; see aik- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Unlike other auxiliary verbs, ought usually takes to with its accompanying verb: We ought to go. Sometimes the accompanying verb is dropped if the meaning is clear: Should we begin soon? Yes, we ought to. In questions and negative sentences, especially those with contractions, to is also sometimes omitted: Oughtn't we be going soon? This omission of to, however, is not common in written English. Like must and auxiliary need, ought to does not change to show past tense: He said we ought to get moving along. · Usages such as He hadn't ought to come and She shouldn't ought to say that are common in many varieties of American English. They should be avoided in written English, however, in favor of the standard ought not to.

ought 2

 (ôt)
pron. & adv. Chiefly British
Variant of aught1.

ought 3

 (ôt)
n.
Variant of aught2.

ought 4

 (ôt)
v. Obsolete
A past participle of owe.

ought

(ɔːt)
vb (foll by to; takes an infinitive or implied infinitive)
1. to indicate duty or obligation: you ought to pay your dues.
2. to express prudent expediency: you ought to be more careful with your money.
3. (usually with reference to future time) to express probability or expectation: you ought to finish this work by Friday.
4. to express a desire or wish on the part of the speaker: you ought to come next week.
[Old English āhte, past tense of āgan to owe; related to Gothic aihta]
Usage: In correct English, ought is not used with did or had. I ought not to do it, not I didn't ought to do it; I ought not to have done it, not I hadn't ought to have done it

ought

(ɔːt)
pron, adv
a variant spelling of aught1

ought

(ɔːt)
n
a less common word for nought1
[C19: mistaken division of a nought as an ought; see nought]

ought1

(ɔt)
auxiliary verb.
1. (used to express duty or moral obligation): Every citizen ought to help.
2. (used to express justice, moral rightness, or the like): He ought to be punished.
3. (used to express propriety, appropriateness, etc.): We ought to bring her some flowers.
4. (used to express probability or natural consequence): That ought to be our train now.
n.
5. duty or obligation.
[before 900; Middle English ought, aught, Old English āhte, past tense of āgan to owe]

ought2

(ɔt)

n., adv.

ought3

(ɔt)

n.
Translations
كانَ يَجِب أن، ينْبَغي أن يكون قَديَنْبَغِي أَنيَنْبَغي، يَجِب
měl by
burdeburde have
pitäisi
trebati
ætti
・・・するべきだ
~해야 한다
reikėtųturėčiauturėtų
mal by
borde
ควรจะ
malımalıydısa iyi olursa iyi olurduzorunda olmak
nên

ought

1 [ɔːt] MODAL AUX VB
1. (moral obligation) → deber
I ought to do itdebería hacerlo, debiera hacerlo
one ought not to do itno se debiera hacer
I ought to have done itdebiera haberlo hecho
you ought to have warned meme deberías haber avisado
he ought to have knowndebía saberlo
I thought I ought to tell youme creí en el deber de decírselo
to behave as one oughtcomportarse como se debe
2. (vague desirability) you ought to go and see itvale la pena ir a verlo
you ought to have seen him!¡tenías que haberle visto!
3. (probability) → deber
he ought to windebería ganar
that ought to be enoughcon eso debería ser suficiente
he ought to have arrived by nowdebería de haber llegado ya

ought

[ˈɔːt] [ought] (pt) modal vb
(obligation) I ought to do it → je devrais le faire, il faudrait que je le fasse.
I ought to phone my parents → Je devrais appeler mes parents.
sb/sth ought to have ...
I ought to have phoned my parents → J'aurais dû appeler mes parents.
This ought to have been corrected → Cela aurait dû être corrigé.
(prohibition)
You ought not to do that → Tu ne devrais pas faire ça.
(prediction)
He ought to win → Il devrait gagner.
He ought to be there now → Il devrait être déjà là.
he ought to have arrived by now (oddly he hasn't)il devrait déjà être arrivé
this ought to ... (is likely to be)
This ought to be interesting → Cela devrait être intéressant.
(advice)
You ought to go and see it → Vous devriez aller le voir.
You ought to see a doctor → Vous devriez aller voir un médecin.

ought

1
vb aux
(indicating moral obligation) I ought to do itich sollte or müsste es tun; he ought to have comeer hätte kommen sollen or müssen; this ought to have been donedas hätte man tun sollen or müssen; ought I to go too? — yes, you ought (to)/no, you oughtn’t (to)sollte or müsste ich auch (hin)gehen? — ja doch/nein, das sollen Sie nicht; he thought he ought to tell you/you ought to knower meinte, er sollte Ihnen das sagen/Sie sollten das wissen; people have come who ought not to have donees sind Leute gekommen, die nicht hätten kommen sollen; oughtn’t you to have left by now?hätten Sie nicht schon gehen müssen?; cars are parked where they ought not to beAutos sind an Stellen geparkt, wo sie nicht hingehören; he behaved just as he ought (to have) (= was well-behaved)er hat sich völlig korrekt benommen; (= did the right thing)er hat sich völlig richtig verhalten
(indicating what is right, advisable, desirable) you ought to see that filmden Film sollten Sie sehen; you ought to have seen his facesein Gesicht hätten Sie sehen müssen; she ought to have been a teachersie hätte Lehrerin werden sollen
(indicating probability) he ought to win the raceer müsste (eigentlich) das Rennen gewinnen; come at six, that ought to be early enoughkomm (mal) um sechs, das sollte or müsste früh genug sein; that ought to dodas dürfte wohl or müsste reichen; he ought to be here sooner müsste bald hier sein; he ought to have left by nower müsste inzwischen gegangen sein; … and I ought to know!… und ich muss es doch wissen!

ought

2 [ɔːt] (ought (pt)) modal aux vb
a. (moral obligation) I ought to do itdovrei farlo
one ought not to do it → non lo si dovrebbe fare
this ought to have been corrected → questo avrebbe dovuto essere corretto
b. (vague desirability) you ought to go and see itdovresti andare a vederlo, faresti bene ad andarlo a vedere
c. (probability) that ought to be enoughquello dovrebbe bastare
he ought to have arrived by now → dovrebbe essere arrivato, ormai
he ought to win → dovrebbe vincere

ought

(oːt) negative short form oughtn't (ˈoːtnt) verb
(usually with to).
1. used to indicate duty; should. You ought to help them; He oughtn't to have done that.
2. used to indicate something that one could reasonably expect; should. He ought to have been able to do it.

ought

يَنْبَغِي أَن měl by burde müssen πρέπει deber, tener pitäisi il faut trebati dovere ・・・するべきだ ~해야 한다 moeten burde mieć powinność dever следует borde ควรจะ zorunda olmak nên 应该做

ought

v. deber, deber de + inf.; ser necesario, tener la obligación de + inf;
you ___ to take the medicationdebe, debes tomar la medicina.
References in classic literature ?
Nobody spoke for a minute; then Meg said in an altered tone, "You know the reason Mother proposed not having any presents this Christmas was because it is going to be a hard winter for everyone; and she thinks we ought not to spend money for pleasure, when our men are suffering so in the army.
When the bank on the other side of the draw began to throw a narrow shelf of shadow, we knew we ought to be starting homeward; the chill came on quickly when the sun got low, and Antonia's dress was thin.
Goddard and others, were a good deal behindhand in knowledge of the world, but she would soon shew them how every thing ought to be arranged.
SOCRATES: Why, Crito, when a man has reached my age he ought not to be repining at the approach of death.
This inquiry will naturally divide itself into three branches -- the objects to be provided for by the federal government, the quantity of power necessary to the accomplishment of those objects, the persons upon whom that power ought to operate.
The powers of the convention ought, in strictness, to be determined by an inspection of the commissions given to the members by their respective constituents.
Upon this, one has to remark that men ought either to be well treated or crushed, because they can avenge themselves of lighter injuries, of more serious ones they cannot; therefore the injury that is to be done to a man ought to be of such a kind that one does not stand in fear of revenge.
But ordinary expense, ought to be limited by a man's estate; and governed with such regard, as it be within his compass; and not subject to deceit and abuse of servants; and ordered to the best show, that the bills may be less than the estimation abroad.
She ought to ha' told him just before they went to church, when he could hardly have backed out," exclaimed Marian.
Nearly the same inquiry may be made concerning a woman and a child, whether these also have their proper virtues; whether a woman ought to be temperate, brave, and just, and whether a child is temperate or no; and indeed this inquiry ought to be general, whether the virtues of those who, by nature, either govern or are governed, are the same or different; for if it is necessary that both of them should partake of the fair and good, why is it also necessary that, without exception, the one should govern, the other always be governed?
and, consequently, at what moment ought it to be discharged in order that it may touch the moon at a particular point?
I replied: There is nothing which for my part I like better, Cephalus, than conversing with aged men; for I regard them as travellers who have gone a journey which I too may have to go, and of whom I ought to enquire, whether the way is smooth and easy, or rugged and difficult.