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or out-group  (out′gro͞op′)
1. A group of people excluded from or not belonging to one's own group, especially when viewed as subordinate or contemptibly different.
2. A group of organisms not part of the group under consideration, used for comparison when analyzing phylogenetic relationships.


(Sociology) sociol persons excluded from an in-group


a group outside one's own with which one feels no sense of identity. Compare in-group.
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References in periodicals archive ?
People who identify with all humanity are likely to show greater concern for out-group members.
Sporer explains the cross-race effect: "Studies of recognition of faces of an ethnic group different from one's own reveal a robust recognition deficit for faces of the respective out-group and tendency to respond less cautiously with respect to out-group faces.
It is very easy to get that filter bubble, you can develop an abusive out-group behaviour where lies are spread very easily about the people that you don't know.
With regard to in-groupfavouritism, people generally think well of strangers but expect better treatment from in-group members in comparison to out-group members.
The Chinese government monitors social media carefully for "subversive" literature, but the research has found that social media provides platforms for Chinese Muslims to speak out and interact with out-group members despite the existence of strong online anti-Muslim sentiment.
Metastereotype is defined as the belief that in-group members expect out-group members to hold toward them (Vorauer, Main, & O'Connell, 1998).
The sixth chapter, which appears as a continuation of the previous two, "Mind-sets for Extremists," proposes some personality traits for extremist types: Disgust, Need for Closure, and In-Group and Out-Group Distinction.
First, leaders of the in-group try to persuade their members that the out-group is systematically different in major ways: appearance, culture, and especially shared moral values.
These "over the hill" women are treated as symbolic rather than legitimate members of the academic community, which further reinforces their out-group status.
13) Moreover, they will perceive mainly negative characteristics among out-group members, and generalize this perception to the whole out-group.
Identity formation through nationalism is often accompanied by ethnic cleansing and violence to establish in- and out-group identities upon which to base societal resource distribution resulting from greater productivity.
When groups sharing similar characteristics interact, intergroup relations occur (Sheriff, 1966), and they often display favoritism to members of their in-group and bias against members of the out-group (Tajfel, 1978).