outcross

(redirected from outcrossed)
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Related to outcrossed: outbred

out·cross

 (out′krôs′, -krŏs′)
v. out·crossed, out·cross·ing, out·cross·es
v.tr.
1. To mate (an animal) to an unrelated individual of the same species or breed.
2. To pollinate (a plant) with pollen from a different plant of the same species, often one that is unrelated or is of a different variety.
v.intr.
To outcross a plant or animal.
n.
1. The process of outcrossing.
2. Offspring produced by outcrossing.

outcross

vb
(Biology) to breed (animals or plants of the same breed but different strains)
n
1. (Biology) an animal or plant produced as a result of outcrossing
2. (Biology) an act of outcrossing

out•cross

(v. ˌaʊtˈkrɔs, -ˈkrɒs; n. ˈaʊtˌkrɔs, -ˌkrɒs)
v.t.
1. to cross (animals or plants) by breeding individuals of different strains but, usu., of the same breed.
n.
2. a hybrid animal or plant so produced.
3. an act of outcrossing.
[1885–90]

outcross


Past participle: outcrossed
Gerund: outcrossing

Imperative
outcross
outcross
Present
I outcross
you outcross
he/she/it outcrosses
we outcross
you outcross
they outcross
Preterite
I outcrossed
you outcrossed
he/she/it outcrossed
we outcrossed
you outcrossed
they outcrossed
Present Continuous
I am outcrossing
you are outcrossing
he/she/it is outcrossing
we are outcrossing
you are outcrossing
they are outcrossing
Present Perfect
I have outcrossed
you have outcrossed
he/she/it has outcrossed
we have outcrossed
you have outcrossed
they have outcrossed
Past Continuous
I was outcrossing
you were outcrossing
he/she/it was outcrossing
we were outcrossing
you were outcrossing
they were outcrossing
Past Perfect
I had outcrossed
you had outcrossed
he/she/it had outcrossed
we had outcrossed
you had outcrossed
they had outcrossed
Future
I will outcross
you will outcross
he/she/it will outcross
we will outcross
you will outcross
they will outcross
Future Perfect
I will have outcrossed
you will have outcrossed
he/she/it will have outcrossed
we will have outcrossed
you will have outcrossed
they will have outcrossed
Future Continuous
I will be outcrossing
you will be outcrossing
he/she/it will be outcrossing
we will be outcrossing
you will be outcrossing
they will be outcrossing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been outcrossing
you have been outcrossing
he/she/it has been outcrossing
we have been outcrossing
you have been outcrossing
they have been outcrossing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been outcrossing
you will have been outcrossing
he/she/it will have been outcrossing
we will have been outcrossing
you will have been outcrossing
they will have been outcrossing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been outcrossing
you had been outcrossing
he/she/it had been outcrossing
we had been outcrossing
you had been outcrossing
they had been outcrossing
Conditional
I would outcross
you would outcross
he/she/it would outcross
we would outcross
you would outcross
they would outcross
Past Conditional
I would have outcrossed
you would have outcrossed
he/she/it would have outcrossed
we would have outcrossed
you would have outcrossed
they would have outcrossed
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References in periodicals archive ?
Seed number data were analyzed using a three-way ANOVA with population, pollination type (hand outcrossed vs natural), and flower location (bottom, middle, and top of inflorescence) as fixed effects.
Strong early expression of inbreeding depression due to selfing is common in trees species (Hufford and Hamrick 2003, Bower and Aitken 2007), such that predominantly outcrossed individuals survive to the adult stage, although inbreeding depression may be expressed over many years in trees species, due to their greater longevity (Petit and Hampe 2006).
As compared to outcrossed controls, this is expressed as significantly fewer larvae released, reduced rates of metamorphic initiation and completion, and decreased survival and fecundity.
This year's successful outcrossed horses included a dual Classic winner in Cockney Rebel and 2008 Classic contenders New Approach and Raven's Pass.
Generally, our results indicate that current isolation distances in Canada may be inadequate to mitigate outcrossed derived off-types to acceptable levels in pedigreed annual canarygrass seed production.
2% outcrossing (with a neighbor's RR canola, for example), a crop yielding 25 bulac-1 with 3% shattering losses would deposit 10,000 outcrossed seeds/ac-1 or 4 outcrossed seeds per [m.
Outcrossed flowers were selectively retained to fruit, and flowe rs receiving a mixed outcross load were selectively retained over single-outcross flowers in one population.
The most general selective disadvantage of self-fertilization is that it is often accompanied by inbreeding depression ([Delta]), that is the reduction of fitness in self-fertilized progeny relative to outcrossed progeny.
The plants with more flowers also produced a smaller percentage of outcrossed seeds -- those pollinated by a different plant.
Specifically, we investigate three questions: (1) Does self pollination result in fruit and seed set, and if so, is it equivalent to that of outcrossed pollen?
On the other hand, progeny produced by selfing are usually inferior to outcrossed progeny due to inbreeding depression (Darwin 1876, Charlesworth and Charlesworth 1987, Husband and Schemske 1996).
Nonetheless, given a sufficiently high selective advantage for the stabilized derivatives, the process becomes feasible even in outcrossed populations.