In this project, we will focus on the sporophytic self-incompatibility system in outcrossing
Arabidopsis species, a model biological system in which two distinct co-evolutionary processes are becoming well-understood: 1) between the male and female reproductive proteins allowing self-pollen recognition and rejection and 2) between small non-coding RNAs and their target sites that jointly control the dominance/recessivity interactions between self-incompatibility alleles.
Conversely, the open stud book allows some outcrossing
usually in service dogs like police or herding animals.
The genomes of forage crops have not been as thoroughly studied as those of cereal crops such as rice and maize because of their outcrossing
nature, the larger size of their genomes, and their lower economic value.
spicant exhibits asexual and sexual reproduction, with an antheridiogen system promoting outcrossing
For the analysis of the outputs of the different simulation models and modeling different aspects of the co-existence issue between GM and non-GM crops, we used different machine learning techniques that take into account background knowledge: relational classification trees to learn co-existence rules for GM and conventional crops in a large region (output from GENESYS); equation discovery to model the outcrossing
between two neighboring maize fields (output from MAPOD) and to induce explanatory models of oilseed rape population dynamics from individual-based data (output from IBM-OSR), and linear regression and models trees to validate and compare the results obtained with equation discovery.
For example, plants within the family Asteraceae predominantly are self-incompatible; however, the family contains both outcrossing
and selfing species (e.
The detection of species-specific bands can be very useful for easy and early detection of any outcrossing
event as well as assigning parentage.
Darwin's interest in pollen transfer from a flower on one plant to a flower on a different plant went hand-in-hand with his conviction regarding the benefit of outcrossing
Offspring from outcrossing
share 50-percent of each parent's genes, and some are born males incapable of bearing offspring.
jaegerianus as a facultative outcrosser that relies more on outcrossing
in areas of high plant density and less so in areas of low plant density.
consequences of outcrossing
in Impatiens capensis: tests of the
Flowers are adapted to outcrossing
(pollination with flowers of other individuals), but plants appear to be self-compatible, and self-pollination probably occurs at high levels in small populations (Bowles & Bell 1999).