outlaw

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out·law

 (out′lô′)
n.
1.
a. A fugitive from the law.
b. A habitual criminal.
c. A rebel; a nonconformist: a social outlaw.
2. A person excluded from normal legal protection and rights.
3. A wild or vicious horse or other animal.
tr.v. out·lawed, out·law·ing, out·laws
1. To declare illegal: outlawed the sale of firearms.
2. To place under a ban; prohibit: outlawed smoking in the house.
3. To deprive (one declared to be a criminal fugitive) of the protection of the law.

[Middle English outlaue, from Old English ūtlaga, from Old Norse ūtlagi, from ūtlagr, outlawed, banished : ūt, out; see ud- in Indo-European roots + lög, law; see legh- in Indo-European roots.]

out′law′ adj.
Word History: The word outlaw brings to mind the cattle rustlers and gunslingers of the Wild West, but it comes to us from a much earlier time, when guns were not yet invented but cattle stealing was. Outlaw can be traced back to the Old Norse word ūtlagr, "outlawed, banished," made up of ūt, "out," and lög, "law." An ūtlagi (derived from ūtlagr) was someone outside the protection of the law. The Scandinavians, who invaded and settled in England during the 8th through the 11th century, gave us the Old English word ūtlaga, which designated someone who because of criminal acts had to give up his property to the crown and could be killed without recrimination. The legal status of the outlaw became less severe over the course of the Middle Ages. However, the looser use of the word to designate criminals in general, which arose in Middle English, lives on in tales of the Wild West.

outlaw

(ˈaʊtˌlɔː)
n
1. (Law) (formerly) a person excluded from the law and deprived of its protection
2. (Law) any fugitive from the law, esp a habitual transgressor
3. (Law) a wild or untamed beast
vb (tr)
4. (Law) to put (a person) outside the law and deprive of its protection
5. (Law) (in the US) to deprive (a contract) of legal force
6. (Law) to ban

out•law

(ˈaʊtˌlɔ)
n.
1. a lawless person or habitual criminal, esp. one who is a fugitive from the law.
2. a person, group, etc., excluded from the benefits or protection of the law.
3. a person or group that has been banned or restricted.
4. a person who rebels against established rules or practices; nonconformist.
5. Western U.S.
a. a horse that cannot be broken.
b. any rogue animal.
v.t.
6. to make unlawful or illegal.
7. to deprive of the benefits and protection of the law.
8. to prohibit: to outlaw smoking in a theater.
9. to remove from legal jurisdiction.
adj.
10. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an outlaw.
[before 1150; Old English ūtlaga < Old Norse ūtlagi one outside the protection of the law]
out′law`ry, n., pl. -ries.

outlaw


Past participle: outlawed
Gerund: outlawing

Imperative
outlaw
outlaw
Present
I outlaw
you outlaw
he/she/it outlaws
we outlaw
you outlaw
they outlaw
Preterite
I outlawed
you outlawed
he/she/it outlawed
we outlawed
you outlawed
they outlawed
Present Continuous
I am outlawing
you are outlawing
he/she/it is outlawing
we are outlawing
you are outlawing
they are outlawing
Present Perfect
I have outlawed
you have outlawed
he/she/it has outlawed
we have outlawed
you have outlawed
they have outlawed
Past Continuous
I was outlawing
you were outlawing
he/she/it was outlawing
we were outlawing
you were outlawing
they were outlawing
Past Perfect
I had outlawed
you had outlawed
he/she/it had outlawed
we had outlawed
you had outlawed
they had outlawed
Future
I will outlaw
you will outlaw
he/she/it will outlaw
we will outlaw
you will outlaw
they will outlaw
Future Perfect
I will have outlawed
you will have outlawed
he/she/it will have outlawed
we will have outlawed
you will have outlawed
they will have outlawed
Future Continuous
I will be outlawing
you will be outlawing
he/she/it will be outlawing
we will be outlawing
you will be outlawing
they will be outlawing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been outlawing
you have been outlawing
he/she/it has been outlawing
we have been outlawing
you have been outlawing
they have been outlawing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been outlawing
you will have been outlawing
he/she/it will have been outlawing
we will have been outlawing
you will have been outlawing
they will have been outlawing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been outlawing
you had been outlawing
he/she/it had been outlawing
we had been outlawing
you had been outlawing
they had been outlawing
Conditional
I would outlaw
you would outlaw
he/she/it would outlaw
we would outlaw
you would outlaw
they would outlaw
Past Conditional
I would have outlawed
you would have outlawed
he/she/it would have outlawed
we would have outlawed
you would have outlawed
they would have outlawed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.outlaw - someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crimeoutlaw - someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
accessary, accessory - someone who helps another person commit a crime
arsonist, firebug, incendiary - a criminal who illegally sets fire to property
blackmailer, extortioner, extortionist - a criminal who extorts money from someone by threatening to expose embarrassing information about them
bootlegger, moonshiner - someone who makes or sells illegal liquor
briber, suborner - someone who pays (or otherwise incites) you to commit a wrongful act
coconspirator, conspirator, machinator, plotter - a member of a conspiracy
desperado, desperate criminal - a bold outlaw (especially on the American frontier)
fugitive from justice, fugitive - someone who is sought by law officers; someone trying to elude justice
gangster, mobster - a criminal who is a member of gang
highbinder - a corrupt politician
highjacker, hijacker - someone who uses force to take over a vehicle (especially an airplane) in order to reach an alternative destination
hood, hoodlum, punk, strong-armer, thug, toughie, goon, tough - an aggressive and violent young criminal
gaolbird, jail bird, jailbird - a criminal who has been jailed repeatedly
abductor, kidnaper, kidnapper, snatcher - someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)
mafioso - a member of the Mafia crime syndicate in the United States
gangster's moll, gun moll, moll - the girlfriend of a gangster
liquidator, manslayer, murderer - a criminal who commits homicide (who performs the unlawful premeditated killing of another human being)
principal - (criminal law) any person involved in a criminal offense, regardless of whether the person profits from such involvement
parolee, probationer - someone released on probation or on parole
drug dealer, drug peddler, drug trafficker, peddler, pusher - an unlicensed dealer in illegal drugs
racketeer - someone who commits crimes for profit (especially one who obtains money by fraud or extortion)
raper, rapist - someone who forces another to have sexual intercourse
habitual criminal, recidivist, repeater - someone who is repeatedly arrested for criminal behavior (especially for the same criminal behavior)
scofflaw - one who habitually ignores the law and does not answer court summonses
contrabandist, moon curser, moon-curser, runner, smuggler - someone who imports or exports without paying duties
stealer, thief - a criminal who takes property belonging to someone else with the intention of keeping it or selling it
traitor, treasonist - someone who betrays his country by committing treason
law offender, lawbreaker, violator - someone who violates the law
Verb1.outlaw - declare illegal; outlaw; "Marijuana is criminalized in the U.S."
nix, prohibit, proscribe, disallow, forbid, interdict, veto - command against; "I forbid you to call me late at night"; "Mother vetoed the trip to the chocolate store"; "Dad nixed our plans"
ban, censor - forbid the public distribution of ( a movie or a newspaper)
Adj.1.outlaw - contrary to or forbidden by lawoutlaw - contrary to or forbidden by law; "an illegitimate seizure of power"; "illicit trade"; "an outlaw strike"; "unlawful measures"
illegal - prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules; "an illegal chess move"
2.outlaw - disobedient to or defiant of law; "lawless bands roaming the plains"
unlawful - contrary to or prohibited by or defiant of law; "unlawful measures"; "unlawful money"; "unlawful hunters"

outlaw

verb
1. ban, bar, veto, forbid, condemn, exclude, embargo, suppress, prohibit, banish, disallow, proscribe, make illegal, interdict, criminalize The German government has outlawed some fascist groups.
ban support, allow, approve, permit, sanction, consent, endorse, authorize, legalise
2. banish, excommunicate, ostracize, put a price on (someone's) head He should be outlawed for his crimes against the state.
noun
1. (History) bandit, criminal, thief, crook, robber, fugitive, outcast, delinquent, felon, highwayman, desperado, marauder, brigand, lawbreaker, footpad (archaic) a band of desperate outlaws

outlaw

verb
Translations
خارِج عن القانون، مُخالِف للقانون
erklære for fredløsfredløs
betyártörvényen kívülinek nyílvánít
gera útlæganútlagi
įstatymo neginamas asmuopaskelbti už įstatymo ribųuždrausti įstatymu
cilvēks ārpus likumapasludināt ārpus likuma
človek mimo zákonapostaviť mimo zákona
canikanun kaçağıyasa dışı ilân etmek

outlaw

[ˈaʊtlɔː]
A. N (= fugitive) → prófugo/a m/f, fugitivo/a m/f; (= bandit) → bandido/a m/f, matrero/a m/f (Andes, S. Cone); (in Westerns) → forajido/a m/f
B. VTproscribir; [+ drug etc] → ilegalizar; [+ practice etc] → declarar ilegal

outlaw

[ˈaʊtlɔː]
nhors-la-loi mf inv
vt
[+ practice] → proscrire
to be outlawed → être proscrit
[+ person] → mettre hors la loi outlaw regime, outlaw stateoutlaw regime nrégime m hors la loioutlaw state nétat m hors la loi

outlaw

nGeächtete(r) mf; (in Western etc) → Bandit m; to declare somebody an outlawjdn ächten
vtächten; newspaper, action etcfür ungesetzlich erklären, verbieten

outlaw

[ˈaʊtˌlɔː]
1. nfuorilegge m/f inv
2. vt (person, practice) → bandire

outlaw

(ˈautloː) noun
a criminal, especially one who is punished by being refused the protection of the law.
verb
to make (someone) an outlaw.
References in classic literature ?
The travellers had now reached the verge of the wooded country, and were about to plunge into its recesses, held dangerous at that time from the number of outlaws whom oppression and poverty had driven to despair, and who occupied the forests in such large bands as could easily bid defiance to the feeble police of the period.
They had come thus far in safety; but having received information from a wood-cutter that there was a strong band of outlaws lying in wait in the woods before them, Isaac's mercenaries had not only taken flight, but had carried off with them the horses which bore the litter and left the Jew and his daughter without the means either of defence or of retreat, to be plundered, and probably murdered, by the banditti, who they expected every moment would bring down upon them.
Fight or flee, or compound with the outlaws as thou dost list, ask neither aid nor company from us; and if they rob only such as thee, who rob all the world, I, for mine own share, shall hold them right honest folk.
Rowena, somewhat alarmed by the mention of outlaws in force, and so near them, strongly seconded the proposal of her guardian.
if you win the golden arrow you shall be chief of outlaws in Sherwood Forest
Then good Will Stutely told the outlaws of Rob's deeds, and gave him his hand of fealty.
So courteous an outlaw as he was one Was never none else found.
While on winter evenings his greatest joy was to hear his father tell of bold Will o' the Green, the outlaw, who for many summers defied the King's Foresters and feasted with his men upon King's deer.
Never till now had he realized what might lie in another manner of life, and he felt a twinge of bitterness toward the hard old man whom he called father, and whose teachings from the boy's earliest childhood had guided him in the ways that had out him off completely from the society of other men, except the wild horde of outlaws, ruffians and adventurers that rode beneath the grisly banner of the young chief of Torn.
More powerful and richer than many nobles of the court he was without rank or other title than that of outlaw and he seemed to assume what in reality he held in little esteem.
Within the great enclosure thrived a fair sized town, for, with his ten hundred fighting-men, the Outlaw of Torn required many squires, lackeys, cooks, scullions, armorers, smithies, farriers, hostlers and the like to care for the wants of his little army.
These poor serfs, who were worse than slaves to the proud barons who owned the land they tilled, were forbidden by royal edict to sell or give a pennysworth of provisions to the Outlaw of Torn, upon pain of death, but nevertheless his great carts made their trips regularly and always returned full laden, and though the husbandmen told sad tales to their overlords of the awful raids of the Devil of Torn in which he seized upon their stuff by force, their tongues were in their cheeks as they spoke and the Devil's gold in their pockets.