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v. o·ver·worked, o·ver·work·ing, o·ver·works
1. To force to work too hard or too long.
a. To rework to excess: overwork a speech.
b. To use too often: "'Vulnerable' and 'volatile' were the most overworked adjectives of the '70s" (David Ansen).
3. To decorate the entire surface of.
To work too long or too hard.
n. (ō′vər-wûrk′)
Excessive work.


vb (mainly tr)
1. (also intr) to work or cause to work too hard or too long
2. to use too much: to overwork an excuse.
3. (Art Terms) to decorate the surface of
4. to work up
excessive or excessively tiring work
ˌoverˈworked adj


(v. ˌoʊ vərˈwɜrk; n. ˈoʊ vərˌwɜrk)
1. to cause to work too hard, too much, or too long.
2. to excite excessively.
3. to use or elaborate to excess.
4. to decorate the surface of.
5. to work too hard, too much, or too long.
6. work beyond one's strength or capacity.



burn the midnight oil To study or work late into the night; to lucubrate. In the days before electricity students and scholars who wished to read or study at night used oil lamps for light. The term midnight oil for late-night study was in use as early as 1635; the entire phrase appeared somewhat later.

keep one’s nose to the grindstone See PERSEVERANCE

a lot on one’s plate British slang for a lot to do, much to think or worry about.

moonlighting Working a job at night to supplement one’s daytime income. Although it was formerly used in Ireland and other countries to describe nighttime excursions of violence, the expression’s current figurative sense is of American origin. The term is now used frequently in the United States and Great Britain, always in reference to a second job.

Several attempts have been made to ban moonlighting on the ground that it robs the unemployed of jobs. (Economist, December, 1961)

salt mines One’s place of employment; any unnamed place, real or imaginary, that represents habitual punishment, confinement, isolation, or drudgery. This expression alludes to the salt mines of Siberia (U.S.S.R.) where political and other prisoners were sent to serve sentences at hard labor. Salt mines often appears in back to the salt mines, a jocular and somewhat derogatory reference to returning to work.

snowed under Overwhelmed; inundated, buried, or overburdened by work or other responsibilities. This expression alludes to the fact that while a single snowflake seems completely innocuous, a large amount of snow can be totally overpowering.

What he stood for (and he came to stand for more all the time) came under the lash of many tongues, until a frailer man than he would have been snowed under. (F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of Paradise, 1920)


Past participle: overworked
Gerund: overworking

I overwork
you overwork
he/she/it overworks
we overwork
you overwork
they overwork
I overworked
you overworked
he/she/it overworked
we overworked
you overworked
they overworked
Present Continuous
I am overworking
you are overworking
he/she/it is overworking
we are overworking
you are overworking
they are overworking
Present Perfect
I have overworked
you have overworked
he/she/it has overworked
we have overworked
you have overworked
they have overworked
Past Continuous
I was overworking
you were overworking
he/she/it was overworking
we were overworking
you were overworking
they were overworking
Past Perfect
I had overworked
you had overworked
he/she/it had overworked
we had overworked
you had overworked
they had overworked
I will overwork
you will overwork
he/she/it will overwork
we will overwork
you will overwork
they will overwork
Future Perfect
I will have overworked
you will have overworked
he/she/it will have overworked
we will have overworked
you will have overworked
they will have overworked
Future Continuous
I will be overworking
you will be overworking
he/she/it will be overworking
we will be overworking
you will be overworking
they will be overworking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been overworking
you have been overworking
he/she/it has been overworking
we have been overworking
you have been overworking
they have been overworking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been overworking
you will have been overworking
he/she/it will have been overworking
we will have been overworking
you will have been overworking
they will have been overworking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been overworking
you had been overworking
he/she/it had been overworking
we had been overworking
you had been overworking
they had been overworking
I would overwork
you would overwork
he/she/it would overwork
we would overwork
you would overwork
they would overwork
Past Conditional
I would have overworked
you would have overworked
he/she/it would have overworked
we would have overworked
you would have overworked
they would have overworked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.overwork - the act of working too much or too longoverwork - the act of working too much or too long; "he became ill from overwork"
toil, labor, labour - productive work (especially physical work done for wages); "his labor did not require a great deal of skill"
Verb1.overwork - use too much; "This play has been overworked"
work on, work, process - shape, form, or improve a material; "work stone into tools"; "process iron"; "work the metal"
2.overwork - work excessively hard; "he is exploiting the students"
put to work, work - cause to work; "he is working his servants hard"
overdrive - drive or work too hard; "The teacher is overworking his students"; "Overdriving people often suffer stress"


1. wear yourself out, burn the midnight oil, burn the candle at both ends, bite off more than you can chew, strain yourself, overstrain yourself, work your fingers to the bone, overtire yourself, drive yourself too far, overburden yourself, overload yourself, overtax yourself, practise presenteeism You've been overworking - you need a holiday.
2. exploit, exhaust, fatigue, weary, oppress, wear out, prostrate, overtax, drive into the ground, be a slave-driver or hard taskmaster to He overworks his staff.
"overwork: a dangerous disorder affecting high public functionaries who want to go fishing" [Ambrose Bierce The Devil's Dictionary]
of mikil vinna
per daug apkrautas darbupersidirbimas
nával práce
aşırı çalışma


B. VT [+ person] → hacer trabajar demasiado; [+ eye, part of body] → exigir un esfuerzo excesivo a; [+ word, concept] → desgastar (a base de utilizarlo en exceso)
"ecological" has become the most overworked adjective there is"ecológico" se ha convertido en el adjetivo más desgastado or manido que hay
C. VItrabajar demasiado


nsurmenage m
vt [+ person] → surmener
vise surmener


1. nlavoro eccessivo
3. vt (staff, servants) → far lavorare troppo


(əuvəˈwəːk) noun
the act of working too hard. It's overwork that made him ill.
ˌoverˈworked adjective
made to work too hard. His staff are overworked.


n. trabajo excesivo, trabajo en exceso.
References in classic literature ?
I should say that for a cab-horse I was very well off indeed; my driver was my owner, and it was his interest to treat me well and not overwork me, even had he not been so good a man as he was; but there were a great many horses which belonged to the large cab-owners, who let them out to their drivers for so much money a day.
Why, man, we murder the great mass of these toilers with overwork and hardship; their average lifetime is not half as long as ours.
It all seemed like a horrible nightmare to me, and I expected that I should suddenly awake, and find myself at home, with the dawn struggling in through the windows, as I had now and again felt in the morning after a day of overwork.
The Medical Man looked into his face and, with a certain hesitation, told him he was suffering from overwork, at which he laughed hugely.
Man will kill himself by overwork in order to secure property, and really, considering the enormous advantages that property brings, one is hardly surprised.
The New York doctors called it overwork, and he lay in a darkened room, one ankle crossed above the other, tongue pressed into palate, wondering whether the next brain-surge of prickly fires would drive his soul from all anchorages.
There were delicate webs of them about her patient eyes, under which lack of sleep and overwork had left their brown shadows.
Overwork and consequent exhaustion began to have their natural effect.
What it was that was actually the matter with us, we none of us could be sure of; but the unanimous opinion was that it - whatever it was - had been brought on by overwork.
I think it desirable for him to know nothing more than that he must not overwork himself, and must observe certain rules.
I'm sure not going to die from overwork," he assured Dede; and he accepted such work only when he had to have money.
The tears welled into her eyes - not so much from strength of feeling as from the weakness of chronic overwork.