oxyntic


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oxyntic

(ɒkˈsɪntɪk)
adj
(Physiology) physiol of or denoting stomach cells that secrete acid: oxyntic cells.
[C19: from Greek oxus acid, sharp]
References in periodicals archive ?
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone mainly secreted in the oxyntic mucosa of the stomach and is the ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R); which is the other endocrine pathway that stimulates the secretion of GH by the pituitary gland in addition to the GH-releasing hormone (Dimaraki & Jaffe, 2006).
Ghrelin is predominantly produced by X/A-like endocrine cells in the oxyntic mucosa of the stomach, which is the major source of circulating ghrelin (Kojima et al.
Nesfatin-1 is also expressed in extrahypothalamic tissues such as gastrointestinal tissue (gastric oxyntic mucosa, pancreatic beta cells, and liver), skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue [25-28].
The oxyntic cells with central vesicular nuclei and granular cytoplasm are seen with no obvious change in cellular outlines.
Expression of vesicular monoamine transporters in endocrine hyperplasia and endocrine tumors of the oxyntic stomach.
Ghrelin is a peptide of 28 amino acids, synthesized mainly by the oxyntic glands of the stomach (24).
2007), the largest number of oxyntic glands may be related to higher demand in the production of secretion and ability to digest proteins since the fish eats live prey or food rich in protein.
Prolonged and severe gastric inflammation may cause epithelial damage, which may lead to gastric atrophy, characterized by loss of parietal and chief cells in the oxyntic mucosa and/or loss of glandular units in the oxyntic or antropyloric mucosa.
In the florid phase microscopy reveals a dense infiltrate of lymphocytes and plasma cells involving the entire thickness of the corpus mucosa with destruction of the oxyntic glands.
The diverticulum usually contains oxyntic cells from gastric mucosa that cause an ulcer giving rise to intestinal bleeding.