The difference between the two circumstances is that the former concerns the effect of sin to nullify a previous baptism, which Hubmaier rejected (along with Cyprian), whereas the latter concerns the form of baptism being sanctioned by the ecclesia universalis, which Hubmaier believed was credobaptism and not the paedobaptist
practice of an errant ecclesia particularis, as the Roman Catholic Church had become.
Whether they were being accused of millenarian aggression or literalistic passivity, Baptists were anathema to the political and theological theorists of the paedobaptist consensus.
His slow conversion to Baptist ideals grew out of dissatisfaction with his contemporaries' anxious defense of paedobaptist tradition: he "heard one man preach fifteen Sermons upon this subject.
Baptist polemic and paedobaptist resilience demonstrated that there was no room for any middle ground.
98) The book was an attempt to steal the theological high ground from the paedobaptist cause by appropriating the most compelling evidence cited in its defense--covenant theology.
The paedobaptist divines at the Westminster Assembly argued that the covenant of grace spanned the basic differences of the Old and New Testaments.
101) Paedobaptist versions of covenant theology were superimposed upon the New Testament data to allow the reader to infer the validity of paedobaptism by the silences of the text.
9) The influence of Orthodox baptismal theology here has been pervasive, but among Western Protestant paedobaptist
churches it has not led to a sequence of rites closely linked in time, but rather to a different kind of "integration".
See Stephen Wright's similar summary of Helwys's view of paedobaptist
dissenters in The Early English Baptists, 1603-1649 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2006), 52.
Though Congregationalists remained paedobaptists
, full membership after baptism required a conversion narrative, and satisfying narratives were increasingly rare.
Grantham castigated paedobaptists
for acting as if God's salvation of the world's infants rested upon a human ceremony, so binding God's freedom.