pallium

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pal·li·um

 (păl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (păl′ē-ə)
1. A cloak or mantle worn by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
2. Ecclesiastical A vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops. Also called pall1.
3.
a. The mantle of gray matter forming the cerebral cortex.
b. The mantle of a mollusk or a brachiopod.

[Latin.]

pallium

(ˈpælɪəm)
n, pl -lia (-lɪə) or -liums
1. (Historical Terms) a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
2. (Roman Catholic Church) chiefly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
3. (Anatomy) anatomy Also called: mantle the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
4. (Zoology) zoology another name for mantle5
[C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle]

pal•li•um

(ˈpæl i əm)

n., pl. pal•li•a (ˈpæl i ə) pal•li•ums.
1. a piece of cloth wrapped about the body as an outer garment in ancient Greece and Rome; himation.
2. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and by archbishops, consisting of a narrow band resting on the shoulders, with a lappet in front and behind.
4. the mantle of a mollusk or bird.
[1555–65; < Latin; compare pall1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrumpallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
neocortex, neopallium - the cortical part of the neencephalon
archipallium, paleocortex - the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
gray matter, gray substance, grey matter, grey substance, substantia grisea - greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons
cortical area, cortical region - any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
frontal cortex, frontal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe - the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
2.pallium - (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell
epidermis, cuticle - the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
zoological science, zoology - the branch of biology that studies animals
3.pallium - (Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back
vestment - gown (especially ceremonial garments) worn by the clergy
Church of Rome, Roman Catholic Church, Roman Church, Western Church, Roman Catholic - the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
4.pallium - cloak or mantle worn by men in ancient Rome
cloak - a loose outer garment
Translations
References in classic literature ?
Peter is giving the pallium to the Pope, and a standard to Charlemagne.
He received separately the nine archbishops to whom he had given palliums.
Subikuski: sus tunicas rojas y sus azules palliums, senalan perfectamente el caracter de su traje pom peyano.