panencephalitis


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Related to panencephalitis: anencephaly, coryza, cytokine

pan·en·ceph·a·li·tis

 (păn′ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
1. Encephalitis that affects both gray and white matter of the brain, resulting in progressive loss of mental and motor functions.
2. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
cephalitis, encephalitis, phrenitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
Bosin's disease, Dawson's encephalitis, inclusion body encephalitis, sclerosing leukoencephalitis, SSPE, subacute inclusion body encephalitis, subacute sclerosing leukoencephalitis, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, Van Bogaert encephalitis - a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years; characterized by primary measles infection before the age of two years
rubella panencephalitis - a rare loss of mental and physical skills in adolescents; associated with the rubella virus
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the 24 recognized measles virus genotypes, 11 were detected during 2005-2008, eight during 2009-2014, six in 2015, and five in 2016, excluding those from vaccine reactions and cases of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a fatal progressive neurologic disorder caused by persistent measles infection (4).
Children <2 years of age, particularly boys, are at an increased risk of developing subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a fatal neurologic disorder that can develop years after the initial measles infection.
Generalized periodic epileptiform discharge was reported first in patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (15,16).
He was investigated with the prediagnosis of epilepsy, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and autoimmune encephalitis.
NEW ORLEANS -- A fatal complication of measles known as subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) can develop years after measles infection and appears to occur much more often than published reports suggest, according to a review of cases in California from 1998 to 2015.
The condition, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), was once considered extremely rare, posing a risk to just one in 100,000 children with a history of measles.
Experimental autoimmune panencephalitis and uveoretinitis transferred to the Lewis rat by T lymphocytes specific for the S100 beta molecule, a calcium binding protein of astroglia.
After necropsy at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Hannover, histologic investigation found interstitial pneumonia; a mild, multifocal, lymphohistiocytic panencephalitis that affected the cerebrum and cerebellum, including brain stem and medulla oblongata; and a mild, multifocal, lymphohistiocytic panmyelitis.
To the Editor: We report on another child with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), expanding the case series reported by Kija et al.
MR imaging in one of them showed features of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD), other showed features of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE).
5) There are four main types of measles-induced encephalitis: primary measles encephalitis, acute post-measles encephalitis, measles inclusion body encephalitis, and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis [Table 2].
One fatal complication from the measles is subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE).