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also pan·leu·co·pe·ni·a  (păn′lo͞o-kə-pē′nē-ə)


(dɪsˈtɛm pər)

a. Also called canine distemper. an infectious disease chiefly of young dogs, caused by an unidentified virus and characterized by lethargy, fever, catarrh, photophobia, and vomiting.
b. Also called strangles. an infectious disease of horses, caused by the bacillus Streptococcus equi and characterized by catarrh of the upper air passages and the formation of pus in the submaxillary and other lymphatic glands.
c. Also called feline distemper. a usu. fatal viral disease of cats, characterized by fever, vomiting, and diarrhea, leading to severe dehydration.
2. a deranged condition of mind or body; a disorder or disease: a feverish distemper.
3. disorder or disturbance, esp. of a political nature.
4. Obs. to derange physically or mentally.
[1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French destemprer) < Medieval Latin distemperāre= Latin dis- dis-1 + temperāre to temper]


(dɪsˈtɛm pər)

1. a technique of decorative painting in which glue or gum is used as a binder or medium to achieve a mat surface and rapid drying.
2. a painting executed by this method.
3. to paint in distemper.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French distemprer) < Medieval Latin distemperāre to dissolve, dilute]