paradigm


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Related to paradigm: paradigma

par·a·digm

 (păr′ə-dīm′, -dĭm′)
n.
1. One that serves as a pattern or model.
2. A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
3. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.

[Middle English, example, from Late Latin paradīgma, from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai, to compare : para-, alongside; see para-1 + deiknunai, to show; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Paradigm first appeared in English in the 1400s, meaning "an example or pattern," and it still bears this meaning today: Their company is a paradigm of the small high-tech firms that have recently sprung up in this area. For nearly 400 years paradigm has also been applied to the patterns of inflections that are used to sort the verbs, nouns, and other parts of speech of a language into groups that are more easily studied. Since the 1960s, paradigm has also been used in science to refer to a theoretical framework, as in a new paradigm for understanding diabetes. This usage was acceptable to 91 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2009 survey. Applications of the term in other contexts show that it can sometimes be used more loosely to mean "the prevailing view of things." The Usage Panel also accepts these nonscientific extensions. In 2009, 74 percent accepted the sentence The paradigm governing international competition and competitiveness has shifted dramatically in the last three decades. This represents a dramatic increase over the 48 percent that accepted the same sentence in 1993.

paradigm

(ˈpærəˌdaɪm)
n
1. (Grammar) grammar the set of all the inflected forms of a word or a systematic arrangement displaying these forms
2. a pattern or model
3. a typical or stereotypical example (esp in the phrase paradigm case)
4. (Philosophy) (in the philosophy of science) a very general conception of the nature of scientific endeavour within which a given enquiry is undertaken
[C15: via French and Latin from Greek paradeigma pattern, from paradeiknunai to compare, from para-1 + deiknunai to show]
paradigmatic, paradigmatical adj

par•a•digm

(ˈpær əˌdaɪm, -dɪm)

n.
1. a set of all the inflected forms of a word based on a single stem or root, as boy, boy's, boys, boys'.
2. an example serving as a model; pattern: a paradigm of virtue.
[1475–85; < Late Latin paradīgma < Greek parádeigma pattern; <paradeiknýnai to show side by side =para- para-1 + deiknýnai to show]

paradigm

1. a declension, conjugation, etc. that provides all the inflectional forms and serves as a model or example for all others.
2. any model or example. — paradigmatic, paradigmatical, adj.
See also: Grammar
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paradigm - systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
inflection, inflexion - a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
2.paradigm - a standard or typical exampleparadigm - a standard or typical example; "he is the prototype of good breeding"; "he provided America with an image of the good father"
example, model - a representative form or pattern; "I profited from his example"
concentrate - a concentrated example of something; "the concentrate of contemporary despair"
imago - (psychoanalysis) an idealized image of someone (usually a parent) formed in childhood
3.paradigm - the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
4.paradigm - the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time; "he framed the problem within the psychoanalytic paradigm"
perspective, view, position - a way of regarding situations or topics etc.; "consider what follows from the positivist view"

paradigm

noun model, example, original, pattern, ideal, norm, prototype, archetype, exemplar He was the paradigm of the successful man.

paradigm

noun
One that is worthy of imitation or duplication:
Translations
paradigma
paradigmavzor
maailmankatsomusparadigma
paradygmat
vzor

paradigm

[ˈpærədaɪm]
A. Nparadigma m
B. CPD paradigm shift Ncambio m de paradigma

paradigm

nMusterbeispiel nt; (Gram) → Paradigma nt; paradigm shift (Pol) → Paradigmenwechsel m

paradigm

[ˈpærəˌdaɪm] nparadigma m
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