paramyxovirus


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

par·a·myx·o·vi·rus

 (păr′ə-mĭk′sə-vī′rəs)
n. pl. par·a·myx·o·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of single-stranded RNA viruses including the respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza viruses, and viruses that cause measles and mumps.

paramyxovirus

(ˌpærəˈmɪksəʊˌvaɪərəs)
n
(Pathology) any single-strand RNA virus of the Paramyxoviridae family usually causing acute respiratory disease

par•a•myx•o•vi•rus

(ˌpær əˈmɪk səˌvaɪ rəs, -ˌmɪk səˈvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of various RNA-containing viruses of the family Paramyxoviridae, distinguished by a helical nucleocapsid surrounded by an envelope: includes viruses causing measles and mumps.
Also called myxovirus.
[1960–65]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paramyxovirus - a group of viruses including those causing mumps and measles
myxovirus - any of a group of RNA viruses including those that cause influenza and mumps
respiratory syncytial virus - a paramyxovirus that forms syncytia in tissue culture and that is responsible for severe respiratory diseases such as bronchiolitis and bronchial pneumonia (especially in children)
References in periodicals archive ?
Nipah virus: an emergent paramyxovirus causing severe encephalitis in humans.
Genetic diversity of avian paramyxovirus type 1: proposal for a unified nomenclature and classification system of Newcastle disease virus genotypes.
Similar studies to detect and quantify HAI antibodies against NDV and other Paramyxovirus have been reported (Allan and Gough, 1974; Sajid, 2001).
Cause: A paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus Symptoms: A fever, which can reach 40C, a cough, conjunctivitis and a runny nose.
Entre los virus RNA se encuentran los paramyxovirus (en 1999 en Nipah-Malasia provoco una epidemia que causo muchas muertes humanas y el sacrificio de mas de 1 millon de cerdos); los retrovirus de simetria helicoidal y que se relacionan con el virus de la inmonodeficiencia humana (VIH), causante del sindrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (sIDA).
The specific interaction of the carboxyl group of DANA (a sialic acid analogue) and the arginine triad (R180, R422 and R512) is conserved in all paramyxovirus HN proteins (Figure 3C).
They also focus on the activation and evasion of host antiviral signaling pathways by detailing RNA virus families, filoviruses, suppression of innate immunity, paramyxovirus and orthomyxoviruses, arenaviruses, picornaviruses, togaviruses, coronaviruses and innate immune responses elicited by reovirus and rotavirus.
A MUMPS is caused by the paramyxovirus and leads to swelling of the salivary gland in the face.
The condition may also be associated with urinary tract pathogens such as paramyxovirus, adenovirus, Coxsackie virus, and echovirus.
Characterization of a paramyxovirus isolated from the brain of a piglet in Mexico.