The tolypelepids are paraphyletic
and form a basal group.
Phylogenetic analyses have determined that CPXV is composed of multiple paraphyletic
clades: VACV-like clade; variola virus-like clade; and CPXV clades 1, 2, and 3 (4,7).
By accepting a new genus Magallana [type species Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)] for a clade of Pacific Crassostrea, and by rejecting the genus Talonostrea (Li and Qi, 1994) [type species Talonostrea talonata (Li and Qi, 1994)] for the Pacific sister clade Magallana, WoRMS has effectively rendered the (Atlantic) genus Crassostrea paraphyletic
The FJ population is paraphyletic
population, because several haplotypes (Figs.
Remarkably, the former family "Sabellidae" was found to be paraphyletic
, necessitating the elevation of the sabellid subfamily Fabriciinae to full family rank (Kupriyanova and Rouse, 2008; Capa et al.
2010; Guillo, 2013), but the more recent studies with many sampled species and wide distribution have supported their assimilation, because Salicornia is nested within Sarcocornia, which means that Sarcocornia is a paraphyletic
taxon (Steffen et al.
The genus Sinopodisma emerged as a highly paraphyletic
group in which species did not appear closely related and nested in different clades.
2006) with a striking character of exuding milk is now split into two genera, Lactarius and Lactifluus and is paraphyletic
Towards a new classification of the giant paraphyletic
genus Cyperus (Cyperaceae): phylogenetic relationships and generic delimitation in C4 Cyperus.
Substantial morphological and molecular data have produced important evidence supporting the genus Rhipicephalus as paraphyletic
to the genus Boophilus (MURRELL & BARKER, 2003; BARKER & MURRELL, 2004).
A fish is any member of a group of paraphyletic
organisms that include non-tetrapod, aquatic animals, which present a cranium and most of the time, breathe through gills and which do not have members with digits.
2011), using complete sequences of cyt-b, recovered a paraphyletic
Corrientes group that included C.