parasympathetic nervous system


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parasympathetic nervous system

n.
The part of the autonomic nervous system originating in the brainstem and the lower part of the spinal cord that, in general, inhibits or opposes the physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system, as in tending to stimulate digestive secretions, slow the heart, constrict the pupils, and dilate blood vessels.

par·a·sym·pa·thet·ic nervous system

(păr′ə-sĭm′pə-thĕt′ĭk)
The part of the autonomic nervous system that tends to act in opposition to the sympathetic nervous system, as by slowing down the heart and dilating the blood vessels. It also regulates the function of many glands, such as those that produce tears and saliva.

parasympathetic nervous system

The part of the autonomic nervous system that controls rest and digestion.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parasympathetic nervous system - originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system: stimulates digestive secretions; slows the heart; constricts the pupils; dilates blood vessels
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
ANS, autonomic nervous system - the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
Translations
parasympatická nervová soustava
parasympaattinen hermostoparasympatikus
References in periodicals archive ?
The autonomic system has two parts, the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, with different and frequently opposing actions.
Sometimes referred to as the "rest and digest" system, the parasympathetic nervous system slows heart rate, is active during digestion, and helps bring equilibrium to the body.
On the other hand, when the body is relaxed, the parasympathetic nervous system becomes active, the capillary vessels expand, circulation improves, and the temperature in our extremities rises.
Heart rate variability analysis before, during and after musical performance can examine the balance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
A malfunction of the parasympathetic nervous system (a branch of the autonomic nervous system), causing a drop in blood pressure, heart rate and blood flow to the brain.
The gentle movement and breathing practices of Breath~Body~Mind activate anti-pain, anti-inflammation, and anti-stress effects of the parasympathetic nervous system.
BACK BREATHING This activates your parasympathetic nervous system, which helps to calm and relax you.
The two branches of the ANS, sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system regulate visceral functions in order to maintain the homeostatic milieu of the body and render the body able to react and adapt to external and internal stressor stimuli.
The parasympathetic nervous system, sometimes called the "rest and digest" system, slows the heart rate and breathing, and allows digestive enzymes to do their work.
These data indicated that pistachios increased the activity of the vagus nerve, an important part of the parasympathetic nervous system that could be damaged with diabetes.
The body responds to this with a chemical reaction designed to enable physical activity, and that activity is precisely what is required to hit the reset button, activating the parasympathetic nervous system and flushing the waste products of stress.
By using these techniques, the body's parasympathetic nervous system is stimulated and people may respond better to stressful situations.

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