parhelion


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Related to parhelion: sundog

par·he·li·on

 (pär-hē′lē-ən, -hēl′yən)
n. pl. par·he·li·a (-hē′lē-ə, -hēl′yə)
A bright spot sometimes appearing at either side of the sun, often on a luminous ring or halo, caused by the refraction and reflection of sunlight by ice crystals suspended in the earth's atmosphere. Also called mock sun, sundog.

[Latin parēlion, from Greek : para-, beside; see para-1 + hēlios, sun; see sāwel- in Indo-European roots.]

par·he′lic (-hē′lĭk) adj.

parhelion

(pɑːˈhiːlɪən)
n, pl -lia (-lɪə)
(Physical Geography) one of several bright spots on the parhelic circle or solar halo, caused by the diffraction of light by ice crystals in the atmosphere, esp around sunset. Also called: mock sun or sundog Compare anthelion
[C17: via Latin from Greek parēlion, from para-1 (beside) + hēlios sun]
parhelic, parheliacal adj

par•he•li•on

(pɑrˈhi li ən, -ˈhil yən)

n., pl. -he•li•a (-ˈhi li ə, -ˈhil yə)
a bright spot on the solar halo similar in origin to the parhelic circle.
[1640–50; alter. of Latin parēlion < Greek parḗlion, n. use of neuter of parḗlios beside the sun. See par-, helio-]
par•he′lic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parhelion - a bright spot on the parhelic circleparhelion - a bright spot on the parhelic circle; caused by diffraction by ice crystals; "two or more parhelia are usually seen at once"
maculation, patch, speckle, dapple, fleck, spot - a small contrasting part of something; "a bald spot"; "a leopard's spots"; "a patch of clouds"; "patches of thin ice"; "a fleck of red"
Translations

parhelion

n (Astron) → Nebensonne f
References in periodicals archive ?
Former amateur rider Derek Haydn Jones, who served his time with the great Harry Wragg, saddled his first winner at Wolverhampton in 1971 with his first runner Parhelion, one-time lead horse to Derby winner Nijinsky.
First success for Splaine The opening 2m4f maiden hurdle also provided a shock when 50-1 chance Gap Of Dunloe found plenty in the closing stages to see off Parhelion and provide conditional jockey David Splaine with his first success in Britain.
Parhelion will have learned plenty from his debut fifth at Lingfield and is fully expected to show the benefit in The Black Country's Only Racecourse Median Auction Maiden Stakes.
Parhelion will have learned plenty from his debut fifth at Lingfield, and is fully expected to show the benefit in The Black Country's Only Racecourse Median Auction Maiden Stakes.
Other medical works appeared on tumors and on ophthalmology, but he also published pamphlets and calendar materials with astrological and astronomical themes (and dates for blood-letting), including a broadsheet on a parhelion observed in 1544.
UAE Derby: Evens Inamorato, 7-1 Peasant, 15-2 Outta Here, 9 Victory Moon, Byzantium, 11 Bourbonnais, 18 Hard Buck, 20 Parhelion, Songlark, 22 Lundy's Lane, 28 Baccarat, 33 bar