paroxytone

(redirected from paroxytones)
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par·ox·y·tone

 (pă-rŏk′sĭ-tōn′)
adj.
Having an acute accent on the next to last syllable. Used of some words in Greek and certain Romance languages, such as French and Portuguese.
n.
A paroxytone word.

[Greek paroxutonos : para-, beside; see para-1 + oxutonos, oxytone; see oxytone.]

paroxytone

(pəˈrɒksɪˌtəʊn)
adj
(Phonetics & Phonology) (in the classical Greek language) of, relating to, or denoting words having an acute accent on the next to last syllable
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) a paroxytone word
[C18: via New Latin from Greek paroxutonos, from para-1 (beside) + -oxutonos oxytone]
paroxytonic adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paroxytone - word having stress or acute accent on the next to last syllable
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
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References in periodicals archive ?
In order to find out the phonological units that better account for the rising F0 trajectories in the two languages, I recorded one English and one Spanish native speaker producing 45 declarative sentences which contained words with different stress distributions (oxytones, paroxytones and proparoxytones) in prenuclear position.
In order to find out the phonological primes that account for prenuclear F0 rises, recordings were made of one English and one Spanish native speaker producing 45 declarative sentences which contained words with different stress distribution in prenuclear position: oxytones (words with stress on the final syllable and thus no postaccentual syllables within the word), paroxytones (words with stress on the penultimante syllable and thus one postaccentual syllable within the word) and proparoxytones (words with stress on the antepenultimate syllable and thus two postaccentual syllables within the word).
Similarly, if rising accents were compressed a more rapid rising in oxytones than in paroxytones or proparoxytones would be expected.
The status of L is investigated in words with different stress distributions (oxytones, paroxytones, and proparoxytones) in subject and verb focal positions.
In order to determine the status of L after the focal element in the two languages, focal words with different stress distributions were used, namely, oxytones (words with stress on the ultimate syllable), paroxytones (words with stress on the penultimate syllable), and proparoxytones (words with stress on the antepenultimate syllable).
For each focal domain (subject and verb), 12 words with a different stress pattern (oxytones, paroxytones and proparoxytones) were gathered.
The "thematic" type, on the other hand, seems to have originally been oxytone, the exceptions being two instances, usinarani- and purukutsani-, where the derivative imitates the accent of its basis, and one further case, mudgalani-, (15) where the accent is paroxytone just as in the "athematics.