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There are many species of insects, lizards, fish, and amphibians, for instance, that reproduce parthenogenetically, that is without males.
On the primary host the aphids gave birth parthenogenetically to three generations of fundatrigenous.
Reproduction can occur sexually, parthenogenetically, or by facultative parthenogenesis (Borges da Silva et al.
24) who suggested "dispermic fertilization of a parthenogenetically activated oocyte, that is, fertilization by two spermatozoa of two identical haploid ova".
These differences might also exist in parasitoid species of the genus Trichogramma, which reproduce parthenogenetically, an issue that requires further research.
To test the effects of ZFNs on gametocytes, we examined ZFN-induced mutation in parthenogenetically activated embryos.
It has been known for over a century that parthenogenetically activated eggs of marine invertebrates are capable of varying degrees of cleavage and developmental progression (Loeb, 1899; Wilson, 1925; Brandriff et al.
It then copulates with the opposite sex and starts searching for fresh Lepidopteron eggs for further egg-laying, Trichogramma also reproduces parthenogenetically it is induced by bacteria (wobachia), in the absence of these bacteria the wasp reproduce sexually (Stouthamer and Kamer, 1994).
After three moultings they grow entirely into female adults, which reproduce parthenogenetically (not all species) and deposit their eggs in gelatinous egg sacs (Hussey and Grundler, 1998; Williamson and Gleason, 2003).
12) Some of these traditions include the ideas that hyenas are hermaphrodites, they change sex from year to year, and they reproduce parthenogenetically.
As a result of Raglan's questionable methods, his patients' emotions become somatized symptoms: whether welts, glistening pustules, or, in Nola's case, the titular squad of undersize assassins, who bud parthenogenetically from her abdomen and later try to bump off her daughter.