particle


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to particle: particle accelerator, particle physics, God particle, subatomic particle, Particle theory

par·ti·cle

 (pär′tĭ-kəl)
n.
1. A very small piece or part; a tiny portion or speck.
2. A very small or the smallest possible amount, trace, or degree: not a particle of doubt.
3. Physics
a. A body whose spatial extent and internal motion and structure, if any, are irrelevant in a specific problem.
b. An elementary particle.
c. A subatomic particle.
4. Linguistics
a. An uninflected item that has grammatical function but does not clearly belong to one of the major parts of speech, such as up in He looked up the word or to in English infinitives.
b. In some systems of grammatical analysis, any of various short function words, including articles, prepositions, and conjunctions.
5. Ecclesiastical A portion or fragment of the Eucharistic host.
6. Archaic A small part of something written, such as a clause of a document.

[Middle English, from Latin particula, diminutive of pars, part-, part; see part.]

particle

(ˈpɑːtɪkəl)
n
1. an extremely small piece of matter; speck
2. a very tiny amount; iota: it doesn't make a particle of difference.
3. (Grammar) a function word, esp (in certain languages) a word belonging to an uninflected class having suprasegmental or grammatical function: the Greek particles "mēn'" and "de" are used to express contrast; questions in Japanese are indicated by the particle "ka"; English "up" is sometimes regarded as an adverbial particle.
4. (Linguistics) a common affix, such as re-, un-, or -ness
5. (General Physics) physics a body with finite mass that can be treated as having negligible size, and internal structure
6. (General Physics) See elementary particle
7. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church a small piece broken off from the Host at Mass
8. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) archaic a section or clause of a document
[C14: from Latin particula a small part, from pars part]

par•ti•cle

(ˈpɑr tɪ kəl)

n.
1. a minute portion, piece, or amount; a very small bit: a particle of dust.
2. one of the extremely small constituents of matter, as an atom, proton, quark, or gluon.
3. a clause or article, as of a document.
4. Gram. any of various small, usu. uninflected words or affixes having functional or relational rather than lexical use and in some languages constituting a form class: in English often applied to words like to used in forming the infinitive or the word following the verb in a phrasal verb, as up in get up.
5. a small piece of the Host given to each lay communicant in a Eucharistic service.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin particula]

par·ti·cle

(pär′tĭ-kəl)
1. A very small piece of solid matter; a speck: particles of dust.
2. An elementary or subatomic particle.

particle

A short uninflected word used in conjunction with another word, such as “up” in “turn up.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.particle - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anythingparticle - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
grain - a relatively small granular particle of a substance; "a grain of sand"; "a grain of sugar"
grinding - material resulting from the process of grinding; "vegetable grindings clogged the drain"
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
chylomicron - a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
flyspeck - a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
identification particle - a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
2.particle - a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
virion - (virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
alpha particle - a positively charged particle that is the nucleus of the helium atom; emitted from natural or radioactive isotopes
beta particle - a high-speed electron or positron emitted in the decay of a radioactive isotope
body - an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; "heavenly body"
boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
deuteron - the nucleus of deuterium; consists of one proton and one neutron; used as a bombarding particle in accelerators
elementary particle, fundamental particle - (physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom; regarded as constituents of all matter
fermion - any particle that obeys Fermi-Dirac statistics and is subject to the Pauli exclusion principle
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
magnetic monopole - a hypothetical particle with a single magnetic pole instead of the usual two
micelle - an electrically charged particle built up from polymeric molecules or ions and occurring in certain colloidal electrolytic solutions like soaps and detergents
prion - (microbiology) an infectious protein particle similar to a virus but lacking nucleic acid; thought to be the agent responsible for scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system
virino - (microbiology) a hypothetical infectious particle thought to be the cause of scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the central nervous system; consists of nucleic acid in a protective coat of host cell proteins
scintilla - a sparkling glittering particle
superstring - a hypothetical particle that is the elementary particle in a theory of space-time
thermion - an electrically charged particle (electron or ion) emitted by a substance at a high temperature
3.particle - a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs
closed-class word, function word - a word that is uninflected and serves a grammatical function but has little identifiable meaning

particle

noun bit, piece, scrap, grain, molecule, atom, shred, crumb, mite, jot, speck, mote, whit, tittle, iota Particles of food can get stuck between the teeth.

particle

noun
Translations
جُسَيْم
částečkačásticesmítko
partikel
hiukkanenpartikkeli
čestica
elemi részecskepartikularészecskeviszonyszó
ögnsmáorð
dalelytėkrislas
daļiņakripatiņa
cząstkapartykuła
čiastočka
parçacıkzerre

particle

[ˈpɑːtɪkl]
A. N
1. (gen) → partícula f; [of dust] → partícula f, grano m (fig) → pizca f
there's not a particle of truth in iteso no tiene ni pizca de verdad
2. (Phys, Gram) → partícula f
B. CPD particle accelerator Nacelerador m de partículas
particle board N (US) → madera f aglomerada
particle physics Nfísica f de partículas

particle

[ˈpɑːrtɪkəl] n
(PHYSICS)particule f
(= small amount) → particule f
dust particles, particles of dust → des particules de poussières
food particles, particles of food → des particules de nourriture
a particle of truth → une parcelle de vérité
(LINGUISTICS)particule fparticle accelerator naccélérateur m de particulesparticle physics nphysique f des particules

particle

n
(of sand etc)Teilchen nt, → Körnchen nt; (Phys) → Teilchen nt; (fig)Körnchen nt; particle of dust, dust particleStäubchen nt, → Staubkörnchen nt, → Staubpartikel nt (spec); food particlesNahrungspartikel pl; there’s not a particle of truth in itdarin steckt kein Körnchen Wahrheit
(Gram) → Partikel f

particle

:
particle accelerator
particle board
n (US) → Spanplatte f

particle

[ˈpɑːtɪkl] n (Gram, Phys) → particella; (of dust) → granello; (of food) → pezzettino (fig) (of truth, sense) → briciolo

particle

(ˈpaːtikl) noun
a very small piece. a particle of dust.

par·ti·cle

n. partícula, porción ínfima de una materia.

particle

n partícula
References in classic literature ?
This was Jo's favorite refuge, and here she loved to retire with half a dozen russets and a nice book, to enjoy the quiet and the society of a pet rat who lived near by and didn't mind her a particle.
There was not a particle of earth beneath their feet.
Anomalous as it may seem, this is precisely the case with the whale, who systematically lives, by intervals, his full hour and more (when at the bottom) without drawing a single breath, or so much as in any way inhaling a particle of air; for, remember, he has no gills.
And then the visitors were taken to the other parts of the building, to see what became of each particle of the waste material that had vanished through the floor; and to the pickling rooms, and the salting rooms, the canning rooms, and the packing rooms, where choice meat was prepared for shipping in refrigerator cars, destined to be eaten in all the four corners of civilization.
If he had had any particle of doubt left, her talk would of necessity have resolved it; but he was by that time clear-headed, and had none.
I am not a bad compiler, Copperfield,' said Traddles, preserving the same air of cheerful confidence in all he said, 'but I have no invention at all; not a particle.
You needn't be so husky with a man; there ain't a particle of service in that, and you may lay to it.
But no one who has a particle of understanding will ever be convinced by you that the same men can believe in divine and superhuman things, and yet not believe that there are gods and demigods and heroes.
The one has no particle of spiritual jurisdiction; the other is the supreme head and governor of the national church
Holland, in which no particle of the supreme authority is derived from the people, has passed almost universally under the denomination of a republic.
But the Monarch replied, "If you were a Man of sense -- though, as you appear to have only one voice I have little doubt you are not a Man but a Woman -- but, if you had a particle of sense, you would listen to reason.
As I gazed at it on that far-gone night it seemed to call across the unthinkable void, to lure me to it, to draw me as the lodestone attracts a particle of iron.

Full browser ?