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par·tic·u·lar

 (pər-tĭk′yə-lər, pə-tĭk′-)
adj.
1. Of, belonging to, or associated with a specific person, group, thing, or category; not general or universal: She did not have a particular café in mind for their get-together.
2. Distinctive among others of the same group, category, or nature; noteworthy or exceptional: an area known for its particular style of architecture.
3.
a. Of, relating to, or providing details; precise: gave a particular description of the incident.
b. Attentive to or concerned with details or niceties, often excessively so; fussy.
4. Logic Encompassing some but not all of the members of a class or group. Used of a proposition.
n.
1. An individual item, fact, or detail: The two schools are similar in every particular. The police refused to divulge the particulars of the case.
2. Logic A particular proposition.
Idiom:
in particular
Particularly; especially: The children enjoyed the zoo; in particular, they liked the monkeys.

[Middle English particuler, from Old French, from Late Latin particulāris, from Latin particula, diminutive of pars, part-, part; see part.]

particular

(pəˈtɪkjʊlə)
adj
1. (prenominal) of or belonging to a single or specific person, thing, category, etc; specific; special: the particular demands of the job; no particular reason.
2. (prenominal) exceptional or marked: a matter of particular importance.
3. (prenominal) relating to or providing specific details or circumstances: a particular account.
4. exacting or difficult to please, esp in details; fussy
5. (Mathematics) (of the solution of a differential equation) obtained by giving specific values to the arbitrary constants in a general equation
6. (Logic) logic (of a proposition) affirming or denying something about only some members of a class of objects, as in some men are not wicked. Compare universal10
7. (Law) property law denoting an estate that precedes the passing of the property into ultimate ownership. See also remainder3, reversion4
n
8. a separate distinct item that helps to form a generalization: opposed to general
9. (often plural) an item of information; detail: complete in every particular; He refused to go into particulars.; The policeman took down her particulars..
10. (Logic) logic another name for individual7a
11. (Philosophy) philosophy an individual object, as contrasted with a universal. See universal12b
12. in particular especially, particularly, or exactly
[C14: from Old French particuler, from Late Latin particulāris concerning a part, from Latin particula particle v]

par•tic•u•lar

(pərˈtɪk yə lər, pəˈtɪk-)

adj.
1. pertaining to a single or specific person, thing, group, etc.; not general: one's particular interests.
2. considered separately from others; specific: a particular item on a list.
3. exceptional or special; unusual: Take particular pains with this job.
4. being such in an exceptional degree: a particular friend.
5. exceptionally selective; fussy: to be particular about one's food.
6. dealing with or giving details; minute.
7. Logic.
a. referring to an indefinite part of a whole class.
b. (of a proposition) containing only existential quantifiers.
n.
8. an individual or distinct part, as an item of a list.
9. Usu., particulars. specific points, details, or circumstances: the particulars of a case.
10. Logic. an individual or a specific group within a general class.
Idioms:
in particular, particularly; especially.
[1350–1400; Middle English particuler (< Middle French) < Late Latin particulāris= Latin particul(a) particle + -āris -ar1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.particular - a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always reasons from the particular to the general"
fact - a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; "first you must collect all the facts of the case"
general - a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); "he discussed the general but neglected the particular"
2.particular - a small part that can be considered separately from the whole; "it was perfect in all details"
component part, part, portion, component, constituent - something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach"; "the animal constituent of plankton"
high spot, highlight - the most interesting or memorable part; "the highlight of the tour was our visit to the Vatican"
3.particular - (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
proposition - (logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
universal proposition, universal - (logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class
Adj.1.particular - unique or specific to a person or thing or category; "the particular demands of the job"; "has a particular preference for Chinese art"; "a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"; "an expression peculiar to Canadians"; "rights peculiar to the rich"; "the special features of a computer"; "my own special chair"
specific - (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account of the accident"
2.particular - separate and distinct from others of the same group or category; "interested in one particular artist"; "a man who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with him"
specific - (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account of the accident"
3.particular - surpassing what is common or usual or expected; "he paid especial attention to her"; "exceptional kindness"; "a matter of particular and unusual importance"; "a special occasion"; "a special reason to confide in her"; "what's so special about the year 2000?"
uncommon - not common or ordinarily encountered; unusually great in amount or remarkable in character or kind; "uncommon birds"; "frost and floods are uncommon during these months"; "doing an uncommon amount of business"; "an uncommon liking for money"; "he owed his greatest debt to his mother's uncommon character and ability"
4.particular - first and most important; "his special interest is music"; "she gets special (or particular) satisfaction from her volunteer work"
primary - of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondary; "primary goals"; "a primary effect"; "primary sources"; "a primary interest"
5.particular - exacting especially about details; "a finicky eater"; "fussy about clothes"; "very particular about how her food was prepared"
fastidious - giving careful attention to detail; hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness; "a fastidious and incisive intellect"; "fastidious about personal cleanliness"
6.particular - providing specific details or circumstances; "a particular description of the room"
careful - exercising caution or showing care or attention; "they were careful when crossing the busy street"; "be careful to keep her shoes clean"; "did very careful research"; "careful art restorers"; "careful of the rights of others"; "careful about one's behavior"

particular

adjective
1. specific, special, express, exact, precise, distinct, peculiar What particular aspects of the job are you interested in?
specific general, vague, indefinite, unspecified, imprecise, indistinct, inexact
2. special, exceptional, notable, uncommon, marked, unusual, remarkable, singular, noteworthy, especial Stress is a particular problem for women. This is a question of particular importance for us.
3. fussy, demanding, critical, exacting, discriminating, meticulous, fastidious, dainty, choosy (informal), picky (informal), finicky, pernickety (informal), anal retentive, overnice Ted was very particular about the colours he used.
fussy easy, casual, slack, sloppy, negligent, indiscriminate, uncritical
4. detailed, minute, precise, thorough, selective, painstaking, circumstantial, itemized, blow-by-blow a very particular account of the history of sociology
noun
1. (usually plural) detail, fact, feature, item, circumstance, specification The nurses at the admission desk asked for her particulars.
in particular especially, particularly, expressly, specifically, exactly, distinctly Why should he have noticed me in particular?

particular

adjective
1. Being or related to a distinct entity:
2. Of, relating to, or intended for a distinctive thing or group:
3. Alone in a given category:
4. Fixed and distinct from others:
5. Characterized by attention to detail:
6. Very difficult to please:
Informal: picky.
noun
1. An individually considered portion of a whole:
2. A small, often specialized element of a whole:
3. One of the conditions or facts attending an event and having some bearing on it:
Translations
خاصخاصٌّصَعْب الإرضاءمُحَدَّد، مُعَيَّن
jednotlivýkonkrétnívybíravýzvláštní
bestemtsærligspeciel
erityinen
određen
sérstakurtiltekinn, ákveîinnvandlátur
特別の
특유의
reiklussmulkmena
īpašsizlepisizvēlīgskonkrētssevišķs
osobitný
izbirčenizjemenposeben
särskild
โดยเฉพาะ
riêng biệt

particular

[pəˈtɪkjʊləʳ]
A. ADJ
1. (= special) → especial
the flowers had been chosen with particular carese habían escogido las flores con especial cuidado
she's a particular friend of minees muy amiga mía
is there anything particular you want?¿quieres algo en particular or en concreto?
to pay particular attention to sthprestar especial atención a algo
nothing particular happenedno pasó nada en especial
2. (= specific) in this particular caseen este caso concreto
at this particular point in timeen este preciso momento
is there any particular food you don't like?¿hay algún alimento en particular or en especial or en concreto que no te guste?
the people living in a particular areala gente que vive en una zona determinada
for no particular reasonpor ninguna razón especial or en particular or en concreto
3. (= fussy)
to be particular about sth he's very particular about his foodes muy exigente con or especial para la comida
I'm rather particular about my friendsescojo mis amigos con cierto cuidado
she's not very particular about her appearanceno se preocupa mucho por su aspecto
they weren't too particular about where the money came fromno les importaba or preocupaba mucho de dónde viniera el dinero
4. (= insistent) he was most particular that I shouldn't go to any troubleinsistió mucho en que no me tomara ninguna molestia
B. N
1. (frm) (usu pl) (= detail) → detalle m
her account was accurate in every particularsu versión fue exacta en todos los detalles
please give full particularsse ruega hacer constar todos los detalles
for further particulars apply topara más información escriba a ...
the nurse took her particularsla enfermera le tomó sus datos personales
2. in particular: I remember one incident in particularrecuerdo un incidente en particular or en concreto
are you looking for anything in particular?¿busca usted algo en particular or en concreto?
"are you doing anything tonight?" - "nothing in particular"-¿vas a hacer algo esta noche? -nada en particular or en especial
3. the particularlo particular
see general B2

particular

[pərˈtɪkjʊlər]
adj
(= specific) → en particulier
Are you looking for anything particular? → Vous cherchez quelque chose en particulier?
One particular memory still haunts me → Un souvenir en particulier me hante toujours.
at a particular time → à une heure précise
Do we need to be there at a particular time? → Devons-nous être là à une heure précise?
in particular → en particulier
stories of Bombay in general and the film world in particular → des histoires sur Bombay en général et sur le monde du cinéma en particulier
Are you looking for anything in particular? → Vous cherchez quelque chose en particulier?
nothing in particular → rien de particulier
(= special) → particulier/ière
a matter of particular importance → une question d'importance particulière
Particular emphasis will be placed on oral language training → Un accent particulier sera mis sur l'entraînement oral.
Fatigue is a particular problem for women → La fatigue est un problème particulier pour les femmes.
(= fussy) → difficile, exigeant(e)
to be very particular about sth → être très exigeant(e) quant à qch
They're very particular about their personnel → Ils sont très exigeants quant à leur personnel. particulars
npl
(= details) → détails mpl
to go into particulars → entrer dans les détails
(= information) → renseignements mpl
(= name and address) → coordonnées fpl
to take down sb's particulars → prendre les coordonnées de qn
The policeman jotted down her particulars and said they would contact her again → Le policier nota ses coordonnées et lui dit qu'on la recontacterait.

particular

adj
(= as against others) this particular house is very nicedies (eine) Haus ist sehr hübsch; it varies according to the particular casedas ist von Fall zu Fall verschieden; in this particular instancein diesem besonderen Fall; in certain particular casesin einigen besonderen Fällen; there’s a particular town in France where …in Frankreich gibt es eine Stadt, wo …; is there any one particular city you prefer?bevorzugen Sie eine bestimmte Stadt?
(= special)besondere(r, s); problembesondere(r, s), bestimmt; in particularbesonders, vor allem, insbesondere; the wine in particular was excellentvor allem der Wein war hervorragend; nothing in particularnichts Besonderes or Bestimmtes; is there anything in particular you’d like?haben Sie einen besonderen Wunsch?; did you want to speak to anyone in particular?wollten Sie mit jemand(em) Bestimmtem sprechen?; I’m not waiting for anyone in particularich warte auf niemand Bestimmten; he’s a particular friend of mineer ist ein guter Freund von mir; for no particular reasonaus keinem besonderen or bestimmten Grund; no particular reason for something/for doing somethingkein besonderer Grund für etw/dafür, etw zu tun; at a particular timezu einer bestimmten Zeit; at that particular timezu (genau) diesem Zeitpunkt; in a particular wayauf bestimmte Art und Weise; to be of particular interestvon besonderem Interesse sein; to be of particular concern to somebodyjdm ein besonderes Anliegen sein; with particular reference to …mit besonderem Hinweis auf … (acc); to take particular care to …besonders darauf achten, dass …
(= fussy, fastidious)eigen; (= choosy)wählerisch; he is very particular about cleanliness/his children’s educationer nimmt es mit der Sauberkeit/der Erziehung seiner Kinder sehr genau; he’s particular about his carer ist sehr eigen or pingelig (inf)mit seinem Auto; I’m particular about my friendsich suche mir meine Freunde genau aus; you can’t be too particularman kann gar nicht wählerisch genug sein; I’m not too particular (about it)es kommt mir nicht so darauf an, mir ist es gleich; she was most particular about it (= was definite)sie bestand darauf
n
Besondere(s) nt; the particular and the generaldas Besondere und das Allgemeine
particulars plEinzelheiten pl; (about person) → Personalien pl; in this particularin diesem Punkt; correct in every particularin jedem Punkt richtig; for further particulars apply to the personnel managerweitere Auskünfte erteilt der Personalchef; to go into particularsins Detail or in Einzelheiten gehen; to give particularsAngaben machen; please give full particularsbitte genaue Angaben machen

particular

[pəˈtɪkjʊləʳ]
1. adj
a. (specific, special) → particolare
that particular house/train → quella casa/quel treno in particolare
to pay particular attention to, to take particular care over → fare molta attenzione a
in this particular case → in questo caso particolare
for no particular reason → senza una ragione precisa or particolare
she's a particular friend of mine → è una mia carissima amica
b. (fastidious, fussy) → pignolo/a, difficile; (painstaking) → meticoloso/a
to be very particular about → essere molto pignolo/a su
he's particular about his food → è molto difficile nel mangiare
I'm not particular → per me va bene tutto
2. n
a. (detail) → particolare m
b. in particularin particolare, particolarmente
nothing in particular → nulla in or di particolare
see also particulars

particular

(pəˈtikjulə) adjective
1. of a single definite person, thing etc thought of separately from all others. this particular man/problem.
2. more than ordinary. Please take particular care of this letter.
3. difficult to please. He is very particular about his food.
parˈticularly adverb
more than usually. He was particularly pleased to see his brother.
parˈticulars noun plural
facts or details. You must give them all the particulars about the accident.
in particular
more than others. I liked this book in particular.

particular

خاصٌّ konkrétní bestemt speziell συγκεκριμένος particular erityinen particulier određen particolare 特別の 특유의 bepaald bestemt szczególny especial специфический särskild โดยเฉพาะ özellik riêng biệt 特别的

particular

a. particular; -lyadv. particularmente.
References in classic literature ?
In the traditional conception, a particular event A caused a particular event B, and by this it was implied that, given any event B, some earlier event A could be discovered which had a relation to it, such that--
It may happen in any particular instance that A is ALWAYS followed by B, but we cannot know this, since we cannot foresee all the perfectly possible circumstances that might make the sequence fail, or know that none of them will actually occur.
The supposed "real" table underlying its appearances is, in any case, not itself perceived, but inferred, and the question whether such-and-such a particular is an "aspect" of this table is only to be settled by the connection of the particular in question with the one or more particulars by which the table is defined.
Whilst the alloy and value depended on the general authority, a right of coinage in the particular States could have no other effect than to multiply expensive mints and diversify the forms and weights of the circulating pieces.
Had the convention attempted a positive enumeration of the powers necessary and proper for carrying their other powers into effect, the attempt would have involved a complete digest of laws on every subject to which the Constitution relates; accommodated too, not only to the existing state of things, but to all the possible changes which futurity may produce; for in every new application of a general power, the PARTICULAR POWERS, which are the means of attaining the OBJECT of the general power, must always necessarily vary with that object, and be often properly varied whilst the object remains the same.
But it was not this night in particular that, in the solitude of his cabin, Ahab thus pondered over his charts.
But it is alleged, that it might be employed in such a manner as to promote the election of some favorite class of men in exclusion of others, by confining the places of election to particular districts, and rendering it impracticable to the citizens at large to partake in the choice.
It is not difficult to conceive that this characteristic right of freedom may, in certain turbulent and factious seasons, be violated, in respect to a particular class of citizens, by a victorious and overbearing majority; but that so fundamental a privilege, in a country so situated and enlightened, should be invaded to the prejudice of the great mass of the people, by the deliberate policy of the government, without occasioning a popular revolution, is altogether inconceivable and incredible.
It is evident then that it is best to have property private, but to make the use of it common; but how the citizens are to be brought to it is the particular [1263b] business of the legislator.
We must suppose, then, that Socrates's mistake arose from the principle he set out with being false; we admit, indeed, that both a family and a city ought to be one in some particulars, but not entirely; for there is a point beyond which if a city proceeds in reducing itself to one, it will be no longer a city.
In the same way I fancied that those nations which, starting from a semi-barbarous state and advancing to civilization by slow degrees, have had their laws successively determined, and, as it were, forced upon them simply by experience of the hurtfulness of particular crimes and disputes, would by this process come to be possessed of less perfect institutions than those which, from the commencement of their association as communities, have followed the appointments of some wise legislator.
But I had no intention on that account of attempting to master all the particular sciences commonly denominated mathematics: but observing that, however different their objects, they all agree in considering only the various relations or proportions subsisting among those objects, I thought it best for my purpose to consider these proportions in the most general form possible, without referring them to any objects in particular, except such as would most facilitate the knowledge of them, and without by any means restricting them to these, that afterwards I might thus be the better able to apply them to every other class of objects to which they are legitimately applicable.