have argued that even virtue properties can exhibit a form of holism or context variance, for example, sometimes an act is worse for being kind But, on a common conception of virtuous acts, one derived from Aristotle, claims of virtue holism will be shown to be false.
Moral error theorists have claimed that there are no ethical truths at all; contemporary naturalists have argued that ethical truths just are a type of natural truths; constructivists have tried to generate the moral truths by using procedures offering an Archimedean point of view; and particularists
have attempted to show that our moral intuitions cannot be captured by a finite number of general moral principles.
, therefore, go too far in presenting the moral dilemmas in stories as evidence of Buddhists disagreeing over moral theories, and so far as I am aware, no moral theories have yet been elaborated in Buddhist sources.
, in contrast, argue that "settler communities do not have the automatic right to citizenship.
My aim here is to clear out a bit of the fog surrounding these discussions by examining the reasons given by pluralists and particularists
either reject the existence of universal principles or affirm only the procedural principle that each nation or society should draw on its own traditions and decide its own development ethic and path.
Since the old conservatives and its Junker core were particularists
and not nationalists at all, the unification of the various German principalities into a national state was a kind of pyrrhic victory that would ultimately cost them dearly.
The questions about the explanatory power of rational choice accounts are not simply a cataloguing of misdescribed detail as might be expected from the bird-watching particularists
include Owolabi and Morrow who feel that democracy is alien to African culture and as such not to be expected to solve its legion of problems.
This question troubles epistemic methodists, but not epistemic particularists
It will be a community in which we are both particularists
and universalists, making strong claims on the basis of our particular religious convictions but knowing that such claims might be relativized in the wider conversation with other strong claims and with the even stronger demand to remove human and ecological suffering.
Historians have traditionally viewed the Flemish patricians of the thirteenth and fourteenth century as strong urban particularists
who primarily identified with their own city, and there is a lot of justification for this point of view.