18) Its central part (with the capital city of Buda) was directly occupied by the Ottomans and turned into a pashalik
, the northwest (the future territories of Croatia and Slovakia) went to the Habsburgs, while the east (Transylvania) became an autonomous principality under Ottoman suzerainty.
After a series of invasions and, conquest by the Mongols and Turkmen, the region fell under Ottoman rule in the 16th century as the pashalik
However, this historical event was meaningful not only for the Serbs who lived within the Beogradski pasaluk, but also for the entire Serbian population who lived outside of the pashalik
and the Ottoman Empire (i.
The borders of the projected pashalik
, which never came into existence, were to extend "from Ras al-Naqoura, on the coast of the Mediterranean, directly to the mouth of the river Seisaban at the northern end of lake Tiberias, follow the southern shore of that lake, the right bank of the river Jordan and, from the western shore of the Dead Sea, go straight down to the Red Sea, touching the northern point of the Gulf of Aqaba and from the eastern coast of the Gulf of Suez go to Suez" (Ibid.
After Mohacs, the Turks occupied Budapest, and Hungary was split into three parts: Royal Hungary to the west and north, which became part of the Hapsburg Empire; the middle triangle of the Turkish pashalik
of Buda, which was increasingly absorbed into the Ottoman Empire and now included a large Sephardic community; and Transylvania--Erdely as the Hungarians call it--a semi-autonomous principality nominally loyal to the sultan and jealously coveted by all and which, until 1686, remained largely independent.