past perfect


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past perfect tense

The past perfect tense expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.
To form the past perfect tense, we use had (the past tense of the auxiliary verb have) + the past participle of the main verb.
Because we use the past perfect to highlight two separate points in the past, we often use the conjunctions before, when, because, until, or by the time to specify the order in which they occurred in time.
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past perfect

past perfect

adj
(Grammar) denoting a tense of verbs used in relating past events where the action had already occurred at the time of the action of a main verb that is itself in a past tense. In English this is a compound tense formed with had plus the past participle
n
(Grammar)
a. the past perfect tense
b. a verb in this tense

past′ per′fect



adj.
1. pertaining to or being a verb tense or form indicating that the action or state expressed by the verb was completed prior to a point of reference in the past or that it extended up to or had results continuing up to that point, and consisting in English of had followed by a past participle, as had seen in I had never seen anything like it.
n.
2. the past perfect tense.
3. a form in this tense.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.past perfect - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the past; "`I had finished' is an example of the past perfect"
perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
Translations
References in classic literature ?
Give me the verb `to be,' potential mood, past perfect tense.
The subjunctive mood, past perfect tense of the verb `to know.
It would be prudent to always remember that in order to be future proof one must first become past perfect.
He draws a smile remembering Professor Pontones, "a very demanding and strict teacher, I remember how he made us conjugate all the verb tenses--present perfect, past perfect, subjunctive to which I would then reply 'how is this going to be any use to me in life?
This past perfect of prior ownership is best expressed and justified in a section of the book entitled "Universal Grammar," but it gets established in the formal and thematic structures of the book overall.
Past perfect progressive tense of intransitive verb I am thinking.
He longed neither for a philosophic race of kings, nor an illusory past perfect.
When two actions occurred in the past but one was completed before the other, we use the past perfect tense for the first one.
If you go through and do a lot of verb conjugations and you're really good at putting verbs into the past perfect tense," Nielson says, "it doesn't mean if you want to have a conversation with someone, that you're going to use the past perfect tense appropriately.
Similarly, research carried out by Aarts, Bowie and Wallis on The Perfect in spoken British English, offers a theoretical explanation on the decline of infinitival perfect and past perfect after performing an extensive search in DCPSE (3).
Insurers need to get past perfect and focus on good enough.