pastoral


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pas·tor·al

 (păs′tər-əl, pă-stôr′-)
adj.
1.
a. Of or relating to shepherds or herders.
b. Of, relating to, or used for animal husbandry.
2.
a. Of or relating to the country or country life; rural.
b. Charmingly simple and serene; idyllic. See Synonyms at rural.
3. Of, relating to, or being a literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.
4. Of or relating to a pastor or the duties of a pastor: pastoral duties; a pastoral letter.
n.
1. A literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.
2. Music A pastorale.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pāstōrālis, from pāstor, shepherd; see pastor.]

pas′tor·al·ly adv.

pastoral

(ˈpɑːstərəl)
adj
1. of, characterized by, or depicting rural life, scenery, etc
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) (of a literary work) dealing with an idealized form of rural existence in a conventional way
3. (Agriculture) (of land) used for pasture
4. (Theology) denoting or relating to the branch of theology dealing with the duties of a clergyman or priest to his congregation
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) of or relating to a clergyman or priest in charge of a congregation or his duties as such
6. (Education) of or relating to a teacher's responsibility for the personal development of a pupil, as distinct from the educational development
7. (Agriculture) of or relating to shepherds, their work, etc
n
8. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a literary work or picture portraying rural life, esp the lives of shepherds in an idealizing way. See also eclogue
9. (Art Terms) a literary work or picture portraying rural life, esp the lives of shepherds in an idealizing way. See also eclogue
10. (Music, other) music a variant of pastorale
11. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity
a. a letter from a clergyman to the people under his charge
b. the letter of a bishop to the clergy or people of his diocese
c. Also called: pastoral staff the crosier or staff carried by a bishop as a symbol of his pastoral responsibilities
[C15: from Latin, from pastor]
ˈpastoralˌism n
ˈpastorally adv

pas•to•ral

(ˈpæs tər əl, ˈpɑ stər-)

adj.
1. having the simplicity, serenity, etc., generally attributed to rural areas.
2. pertaining to the country or to life in the country; rural; rustic.
3. portraying idyllically the life of shepherds or of the country.
4. of, pertaining to, or consisting of shepherds.
5. of or pertaining to a pastor or the duties of a pastor: pastoral visits to a hospital.
6. pertaining to or designating the herding of domesticated animals as the chief means of subsistence.
n.
7. a literary work dealing with the life of shepherds, commonly in a conventional manner; bucolic.
8. a treatise on the duties of a pastor.
9. a letter from an ecclesiastic, esp. a bishop.
10. Also called pas′toral staff′. crosier (def. 1).
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin pāstōrālis]
pas′to•ral•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pastoral - a musical composition that evokes rural lifepastoral - a musical composition that evokes rural life
musical composition, opus, piece of music, composition, piece - a musical work that has been created; "the composition is written in four movements"
2.pastoral - a letter from a pastor to the congregation
letter, missive - a written message addressed to a person or organization; "mailed an indignant letter to the editor"
3.pastoral - a literary work idealizing the rural life (especially the life of shepherds)
literary composition, literary work - imaginative or creative writing
eclogue, idyl, bucolic, idyll - a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life
Adj.1.pastoral - of or relating to a pastor; "pastoral work"; "a pastoral letter"
2.pastoral - relating to shepherds or herdsmen or devoted to raising sheep or cattle; "pastoral seminomadic people"; "pastoral land"; "a pastoral economy"
3.pastoral - (used with regard to idealized country life) idyllically rustic; "a country life of arcadian contentment"; "a pleasant bucolic scene"; "charming in its pastoral setting"; "rustic tranquility"
rural - living in or characteristic of farming or country life; "rural people"; "large rural households"; "unpaved rural roads"; "an economy that is basically rural"

pastoral

adjective
1. ecclesiastical, priestly, ministerial, clerical the pastoral duties of bishops
2. rustic, country, simple, rural, idyllic, bucolic, Arcadian, georgic (literary), agrestic a tranquil pastoral scene

pastoral

adjective
1. Of or relating to the countryside:
Informal: hick.
2. Charmingly simple and carefree:
Translations
رَعَوي، مُخْتَص بِرَعَوِيَّة الكنيسَهريفي
idylickýpastoračnívenkovský
landligpastoral
lelkipásztoripásztori
prests-sveitalífs-; sveitasælu-
idylický
kır yaşamıpapazla ilgilipastoral

pastoral

[ˈpɑːstərəl]
A. ADJ [care, economy] → pastoral (Rel) → pastoral (Literat) → pastoril
pastoral letter = B
B. N (Rel) → pastoral f

pastoral

[ˈpɑːstərəl] adj
[place, atmosphere] → pastoral(e)
[duties, work] → pastoral(e) pastoral carepastoral care n [pupils] → tutorat m; [parishioners] rôle de soutien et de conseil rempli par un prêtre auprès de ses paroissienspast participle n (GRAMMAR)participe m passépast perfect n (GRAMMAR)plus-que-parfait m

pastoral

adj
land, farming, lifeländlich; (Art, Liter, Mus) → pastoral; Beethoven’s Pastoral SymphonyBeethovens Pastorale f; pastoral poemSchäfer- or Hirtengedicht nt; pastoral picturePastorale f or nt
(Eccl) → pastoral, pfarramtlich; duties, responsibilityseelsorgerisch; pastoral staffBischofsstab m; pastoral letterHirtenbrief m
n
(Liter, Art, Mus) → Pastorale f or nt
(Eccl) → Hirtenbrief m

pastoral

[ˈpɑːstrl] adj (land) → da pascolo; (scene, poetry, also) (Rel) → pastorale

pastor

(ˈpaːstə) noun
a minister of religion, especially of the Protestant church.
ˈpastoral adjective
1. of country life. a pastoral scene.
2. of a pastor, or his work. pastoral responsibilities.
References in classic literature ?
Quite a pastoral state of innocence all round," returned Miss Belle with a shrug.
In the picture men lived again in a kind of pastoral golden age.
It was so feeble and inconsistent a culmination to the beautiful scenery they had passed through, so hopeless and imbecile a conclusion to the preparation of that long picturesque journey, with its glimpses of sylvan and pastoral glades and canyons, that, as the coach swept down the last incline, and the remorseless monotony of the dead level spread out before them, furrowed by ditches and indented by pits, under cover of shielding their cheeks from the impalpable dust that rose beneath the plunging wheels, they buried their faces in their handkerchiefs, to hide a few half-hysterical tears.
The butter must not be forgotten,--butter which Phoebe herself had churned, in her own rural home, and brought it to her cousin as a propitiatory gift,--smelling of clover-blossoms, and diffusing the charm of pastoral scenery through the dark-panelled parlor.
It was understood that this learned man was the physician as well as friend of the young minister, whose health had severely suffered of late by his too unreserved self-sacrifice to the labours and duties of the pastoral relation.
No weather seemed to hinder him in these pastoral excursions: rain or fair, he would, when his hours of morning study were over, take his hat, and, followed by his father's old pointer, Carlo, go out on his mission of love or duty--I scarcely know in which light he regarded it.
The venerable cathedral towers, and the old jackdaws and rooks whose airy voices made them more retired than perfect silence would have done; the battered gateways, one stuck full with statues, long thrown down, and crumbled away, like the reverential pilgrims who had gazed upon them; the still nooks, where the ivied growth of centuries crept over gabled ends and ruined walls; the ancient houses, the pastoral landscape of field, orchard, and garden; everywhere - on everything - I felt the same serener air, the same calm, thoughtful, softening spirit.
As I once more shouldered my pack and went my way, the character of the country side began to change, and, from a semi- pastoral heathiness and furziness, took on a wildness of aspect, which if indeed melodramatic was melodrama carried to the point of genius.
He ceas'd; and th' Archangelic Power prepar'd For swift descent, with him the Cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim; four faces each Had, like a double JANUS, all thir shape Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those Of ARGUS, and more wakeful then to drouze, Charm'd with ARCADIAN Pipe, the Pastoral Reed Of HERMES, or his opiate Rod.
Following our example, many more of Leandra's lovers have come to these rude mountains and adopted our mode of life, and they are so numerous that one would fancy the place had been turned into the pastoral Arcadia, so full is it of shepherds and sheep-folds; nor is there a spot in it where the name of the fair Leandra is not heard.
But besides attending to the pastoral duties there, he learned the language of the red men, and often went into the woods to preach to them.
It was used, we are told, by a pastoral people of Persian descent; of whom eight thousand accompanied the army of Xerxes.