patina

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pat·i·na 1

 (păt′n-ə)
n. pl. pat·i·nae (păt′n-ē)
See paten.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, plate; see paten.]

pa·ti·na 2

(pə-tē′nə, păt′n-ə) also pa·tine (pă-tēn′)
n.
1. A thin greenish layer, usually basic copper sulfate, that forms on copper or copper alloys, such as bronze, as a result of natural corrosion or chemical treatment.
2. The sheen on a surface, such as one made of wood, produced by age and use.
3. A superficial exterior layer; a coating: "Everything bore that dull patina of grime that speaks of years of neglect" (Amitav Ghosh).
4. A superficial impression, especially one considered as added or acquired: uneven sidewalks that lend a patina of charm to the neighborhood's streets.

[Italian, from Latin, plate (from the incrustation on ancient metal plates and dishes); see paten.]
Usage Note: Most English words borrowed from Italian follow the stress pattern of that language and are stressed on the second-to-last syllable. There are many exceptions to this rule, however, and among them is the traditional pronunciation of patina, which has emphasis on the first syllable, so it rhymes with the phrase sat in a. This pronunciation remains the preferred pronunciation in Britain. But patina also developed a pronunciation that follows the pattern of other -ina words in English, such as cantina. In the 2009 survey, not only did 90 percent of the Usage Panel find this newer pronunciation acceptable, 60 percent preferred it.

patina

(ˈpætɪnə)
n, pl -nas
1. (Metallurgy) a film of oxide formed on the surface of a metal, esp the green oxidation of bronze or copper. See also verdigris1
2. any fine layer on a surface: a patina of frost.
3. the sheen on a surface that is caused by much handling
[C18: from Italian: coating, from Latin: patina2]

patina

(ˈpætɪnə)
n, pl -nae (-ˌniː)
(Historical Terms) a broad shallow dish used in ancient Rome
[from Latin, from Greek patanē platter]

pat•i•na

(ˈpæt n ə, pəˈti nə)

also pa•tine

(pəˈtin)

n., pl. -ti•nas also -tines.
1. a film or incrustation, usu. green, produced by oxidation on the surface of old bronze and often esteemed as being of ornamental value.
2. a similar film or coloring appearing gradually on some other surface, esp. as a result of age or long use.
3. a surface calcification of implements, usu. indicating great age.
[1740–50; < Italian: coating < Latin: pan. See paten]
pat′i•nate` (-ˌeɪt) v.t. -nat•ed, -nat•ing.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.patina - a fine coating of oxide on the surface of a metal
coating, coat - a thin layer covering something; "a second coat of paint"
verdigris - a green patina that forms on copper or brass or bronze that has been exposed to the air or water for long periods of time
Translations
patina
ろくしょう緑青
pateenpatina
patyna

patina

[ˈpætɪnə] Npátina f

patina

n (lit, fig)Patina f
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: exclusive manufacturing, packaging and delivery of patinated resin moldings for the needs of rmn-gp
Ten years ago, she began sculpting and creating wearable art-finely wrought accessories made of beaten, torched and patinated brass accented with baroque pearls.
Corbeau, grand modele, conceived and cast 1928, Frangois Pompon (1855-1933), patinated bronze, ht 39cm.
The handsome pearl dress set features white gold and Marsh's signature patinated steel, a look for which their designs are known and loved; it is estimated at $800 to $1,200.
You can see all the main elements here - metal, especially patinated and worn, raw finishes, utilitarian pieces, like the lamp.
Two Romanesque Revival--style towers, with crowns patinated blue-green, reach upward from a colossal 145-year-old complex.
The massive patinated sculpture is the realization of Austrian artist Erwin Wurm's view of Martin Luther as a fighter, reformer and world-shaker.
Elegant men choose Berluti for their footwear, captivated by its bold and inventive patinated leathers," the company said.
What I think is more important to me is the imperfection of rustic things: the rough edged tactile nature of materials, the wonky shape that says 'hand made', the depth and complexity of aged, worn and patinated finishes.
Character was provided by patinated copper cladding reflecting the town's rich mining history.
The patinated brass lion's head door knocker is original to the almost 100-year-old home.
Synthetic ivory inlay adds a breathtaking effect to the design, which also features unique patinated bronze details.