patriarch


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pa·tri·arch

 (pā′trē-ärk′)
n.
1. A man who rules a family, clan, or tribe.
2. Bible
a. One of the antediluvian progenitors of the human race, from Adam to Noah.
b. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, or any of Jacob's 12 sons, the eponymous progenitors of the 12 tribes of Israel.
3. Used formerly as a title for the bishops of Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria.
4. Roman Catholic Church A bishop who holds the highest episcopal rank after the pope.
5. Eastern Orthodox Church Any one of the bishops of the sees of Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, Moscow, and Jerusalem who has authority over other bishops.
6. Judaism The head of the Sanhedrin in Syrian Palestine from about 180 bc to ad 429.
7. Mormon Church A high dignitary of the priesthood empowered to invoke blessings.
8. One who is regarded as the founder or original head of an enterprise, organization, or tradition.
9. A very old, venerable man; an elder.
10. The oldest member of a group: the patriarch of the herd.

[Middle English patriarche, from Old French, from Late Latin patriarcha, from Greek patriarkhēs : patriā, lineage (from patēr, patr-, father; see pəter- in Indo-European roots) + -arkhēs, -arch.]

patriarch

(ˈpeɪtrɪˌɑːk)
n
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) the male head of a tribe or family. Compare matriarch2
2. a very old or venerable man
3. (Bible) Old Testament any of a number of persons regarded as the fathers of the human race, divided into the antediluvian patriarchs, from Adam to Noah, and the postdiluvian, from Noah to Abraham
4. (Bible) Old Testament any of the three ancestors of the Hebrew people: Abraham, Isaac, or Jacob
5. (Bible) Old Testament any of Jacob's twelve sons, regarded as the ancestors of the twelve tribes of Israel
6. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Early Church the bishop of one of several principal sees, esp those of Rome, Antioch, and Alexandria
7. (Eastern Church (Greek & Russian Orthodox)) Eastern Orthodox Church the bishops of the four ancient principal sees of Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, and Jerusalem, and also of Russia, Romania, and Serbia, the bishop of Constantinople (the ecumenical Patriarch) being highest in dignity among these
8. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church
a. a title given to the pope
b. a title given to a number of bishops, esp of the Uniat Churches, indicating their rank as immediately below that of the pope
9. (Protestantism) Mormon Church another word for Evangelist2
10. (Christian Churches, other) Eastern Christianity the head of the Coptic, Armenian, Syrian Jacobite, or Nestorian Churches, and of certain other non-Orthodox Churches in the East
11. the oldest or most venerable member of a group, community, etc: the patriarch of steam engines.
12. a person regarded as the founder of a community, tradition, etc
[C12: via Old French from Church Latin patriarcha]
ˌpatriˈarchal adj
ˌpatriˈarchally adv

pa•tri•arch

(ˈpeɪ triˌɑrk)

n.
1. the male head of a family or tribal line.
2. a person regarded as the father or founder of an order, class, etc.
3. any of the Biblical personages regarded as the fathers of the human race or any of the three great progenitors of the Israelites: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
4. any of the 12 sons of Jacob from whom the tribes of Israel were descended.
5. (in the early Christian church) any of the bishops of the sees of Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, Jerusalem, or Rome having authority over other bishops.
6. Gk. Orth. Ch. the head of any of the ancient sees of Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, or Jerusalem.
7. the head of certain other churches.
8. Rom. Cath. Ch.
a. the pope as patriarch of the West.
b. any of certain bishops of the Eastern rites.
9. any of the high Mormon dignitaries who pronounce the blessing of the church.
10. one of the elders or leading older members of a community.
11. a venerable old man.
[1175–1225; Middle English patriark(e) (< Old French) < Late Latin patriarcha < Late Greek patriárchēs high-ranking bishop, Greek: family head =patri(á) family, derivative of patḗr father + -archēs -arch]
pa`tri•ar′chal, pa`tri•ar′chic, adj.

patriarch

the head of any of the ancient sees or the see of another principal city or national church.
See also: Eastern Orthodoxy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.patriarch - title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)patriarch - title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)
spiritual leader - a leader in religious or sacred affairs
2.patriarch - the male head of family or tribepatriarch - the male head of family or tribe  
head of household - the head of a household or family or tribe
adult male, man - an adult person who is male (as opposed to a woman); "there were two women and six men on the bus"
3.patriarch - any of the early biblical characters regarded as fathers of the human race
antediluvian, antediluvian patriarch - any of the early patriarchs who lived prior to the Noachian deluge
forefather, sire, father - the founder of a family; "keep the faith of our forefathers"
Jacob - (Old Testament) son of Isaac; brother of Esau; father of the twelve patriarchs of Israel; Jacob wrestled with God and forced God to bless him, so God gave Jacob the new name of Israel (meaning `one who has been strong against God')
Simeon - (Old Testament) the 2nd son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel
4.patriarch - a man who is older and higher in rank than yourself
graybeard, greybeard, old man, Methuselah - a man who is very old

patriarch

noun father, old man, elder, grandfather, sire, paterfamilias, greybeard the patriarch of the clan

patriarch

noun
One that creates, founds, or originates:
Translations
بَطْرِيَرْك، بَطْرَكرب القَبيلَه
patriarcha
overhovedpatriark
pátriárka
ættfaîirpatríarki
patriarchalinispatriarchaspatriarcho
patriarhs
patriarcha
erkek aile reisipatrik

patriarch

[ˈpeɪtrɪɑːk] N (Rel) → patriarca m

patriarch

[ˈpeɪtriɑːrk] npatriarche m

patriarch

nPatriarch m

patriarch

[ˈpeɪtrɪˌɑːk] npatriarca m

patriarch

(ˈpeitriaːk) noun
1. the male head of a family or tribe.
2. especially in the Eastern Orthodox Church, a high-ranking bishop.
ˌpatriˈarchal adjective
of, like, ruled by etc a patriarch or patriarchs. a patriarchal society/church.
References in classic literature ?
Now, the old sofa was a regular patriarch of a sofa--long, broad, well-cushioned, and low, a trifle shabby, as well it might be, for the girls had slept and sprawled on it as babies, fished over the back, rode on the arms, and had menageries under it as children, and rested tired heads, dreamed dreams, and listened to tender talk on it as young women.
After a suitable and decent pause, the principal chiefs arose, and, approaching the patriarch, they placed his hands reverently on their heads, seeming to entreat a blessing.
This patriarch now presented himself before Hepzibah, clad in an old blue coat, which had a fashionable air, and must have accrued to him from the cast-off wardrobe of some dashing clerk.
The father of the Custom-House -- the patriarch, not only of this little squad of officials, but, I am bold to say, of the respectable body of tide-waiters all over the United States -- was a certain permanent Inspector.
The room was soon filled with a motley assemblage, from the old gray-headed patriarch of eighty, to the young girl and lad of fifteen.
You have often seen a patriarch in a picture, on earth, with that thing on - you remember it?
That sagacious Miss Mills, too; that amiable, though quite used up, recluse; that little patriarch of something less than twenty, who had done with the world, and mustn't on any account have the slumbering echoes in the caverns of Memory awakened; what a kind thing she did!
This learned dissertator, however valuable for his industry and erudition, is yet more to be esteemed for having dared so freely in the midst of France to declare his disapprobation of the Patriarch Oviedo's sanguinary zeal, who was continually importuning the Portuguese to beat up their drums for missionaries, who might preach the gospel with swords in their hands, and propagate by desolation and slaughter the true worship of the God of Peace.
Sancho rode on his ass like a patriarch, with his alforjas and bota, and longing to see himself soon governor of the island his master had promised him.
Take care, you are going to immure a traveller, Sinbad the Sailor, a man who comes to see Paris; you are going to make a patriarch of him.
While this cry was at the loudest, the people were surprised by the well-known figure of Governor Bradstreet himself, a patriarch of nearly ninety, who appeared on the elevated steps of a door, and, with characteristic mildness, besought them to submit to the constituted authorities.
It was a solemn and affecting sight," said Grandfather, "when this venerable patriarch, with his white beard flowing down upon his breast, took his seat in his chair of state.