pawn


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Related to pawn: Pawn shop

pawn 1

 (pôn)
n.
1. Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.
2. The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan: jewels in pawn.
3. A person serving as security; a hostage.
4. The act of pawning.
tr.v. pawned, pawn·ing, pawns
1. To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.
2. To risk; hazard: pawn one's honor.
Phrasal Verb:
pawn off
To dispose or get rid of deceptively: tried to pawn off the fake gemstone as a diamond.

[Middle English paun, from Old French pan, perhaps of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German pfant.]

pawn′a·ble adj.
pawn′age n.
pawn′er (pô′nər), paw′nor′ (-nôr′) n.

pawn 2

 (pôn)
n.
1. Abbr. P Games A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.
2. A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another: an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.

[Middle English, from Old French pedon, paon, from Medieval Latin pedō, pedōn-, foot soldier, from Late Latin, one who has broad, splayed feet, from Latin pēs, ped-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

pawn

(pɔːn)
vb (tr)
1. (Banking & Finance) to deposit (an article) as security for the repayment of a loan, esp from a pawnbroker
2. to stake: to pawn one's honour.
n
3. (Banking & Finance) an article deposited as security
4. (Banking & Finance) the condition of being so deposited (esp in the phrase in pawn)
5. a person or thing that is held as a security, esp a hostage
6. (Banking & Finance) the act of pawning
[C15: from Old French pan security, from Latin pannus cloth, apparently because clothing was often left as a surety; compare Middle Flemish paen pawn, German Pfand pledge]
ˈpawnage n

pawn

(pɔːn)
n
1. (Chess & Draughts) a chessman of the lowest theoretical value, limited to forward moves of one square at a time with the option of two squares on its initial move: it captures with a diagonal move only. Abbreviation: P Compare piece12
2. a person, group, etc, manipulated by another
[C14: from Anglo-Norman poun, from Old French pehon, from Medieval Latin pedō infantryman, from Latin pēs foot]

pawn1

(pɔn)

v.t.
1. to deposit as security, as for money borrowed, esp. with a pawnbroker.
2. to pledge; stake; risk: to pawn one's life.
n.
3. the state of being pawned: jewels in pawn.
4. something that is pawned.
5. a person serving as security; hostage.
6. the act of pawning.
[1490–1500; < Middle French pan; Old French pan(d), pant, appar. < West Germanic; compare Old Frisian pand, Old Saxon, Middle Dutch pant, German Pfand]
pawn′a•ble, adj.
pawn•er (ˈpɔ nər) paw′nor (-nər, -nɔr) n.

pawn2

(pɔn)

n.
1. one of eight chess pieces of one color and of the lowest value, usu. moved one square at a time vertically and capturing diagonally.
2. someone who is used or manipulated to further another person's purposes.
[1325–75; Middle English poun < Anglo-French; Middle French poon, paon, earlier pe(h)on literally, walker; see peon1]

pawn


Past participle: pawned
Gerund: pawning

Imperative
pawn
pawn
Present
I pawn
you pawn
he/she/it pawns
we pawn
you pawn
they pawn
Preterite
I pawned
you pawned
he/she/it pawned
we pawned
you pawned
they pawned
Present Continuous
I am pawning
you are pawning
he/she/it is pawning
we are pawning
you are pawning
they are pawning
Present Perfect
I have pawned
you have pawned
he/she/it has pawned
we have pawned
you have pawned
they have pawned
Past Continuous
I was pawning
you were pawning
he/she/it was pawning
we were pawning
you were pawning
they were pawning
Past Perfect
I had pawned
you had pawned
he/she/it had pawned
we had pawned
you had pawned
they had pawned
Future
I will pawn
you will pawn
he/she/it will pawn
we will pawn
you will pawn
they will pawn
Future Perfect
I will have pawned
you will have pawned
he/she/it will have pawned
we will have pawned
you will have pawned
they will have pawned
Future Continuous
I will be pawning
you will be pawning
he/she/it will be pawning
we will be pawning
you will be pawning
they will be pawning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pawning
you have been pawning
he/she/it has been pawning
we have been pawning
you have been pawning
they have been pawning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pawning
you will have been pawning
he/she/it will have been pawning
we will have been pawning
you will have been pawning
they will have been pawning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pawning
you had been pawning
he/she/it had been pawning
we had been pawning
you had been pawning
they had been pawning
Conditional
I would pawn
you would pawn
he/she/it would pawn
we would pawn
you would pawn
they would pawn
Past Conditional
I would have pawned
you would have pawned
he/she/it would have pawned
we would have pawned
you would have pawned
they would have pawned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pawn - an article deposited as security
pledge - a deposit of personal property as security for a debt; "his saxophone was in pledge"
2.pawn - a person used by another to gain an end
assistant, helper, help, supporter - a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; "my invaluable assistant"; "they hired additional help to finish the work"
3.pawn - (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
chess game, chess - a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king
chess piece, chessman - any of 16 white and 16 black pieces used in playing the game of chess
4.pawn - borrowing and leaving an article as security for repayment of the loan
borrowing - obtaining funds from a lender
Verb1.pawn - leave as a guarantee in return for money; "pawn your grandfather's gold watch"
commerce, commercialism, mercantilism - transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
consign, charge - give over to another for care or safekeeping; "consign your baggage"

pawn

1
verb hock (informal, chiefly U.S.), pop (Brit. informal), stake, mortgage, deposit, pledge, hazard, wager He pawned his wedding ring.

pawn

2
noun tool, instrument, toy, creature, puppet, dupe, stooge (slang), plaything, cat's-paw He is being used as a political pawn by the President.

pawn 1

noun
Something given to guarantee the repayment of a loan or the fulfillment of an obligation:
verb
To give or deposit as a pawn:
Slang: hock.

pawn 2

noun
A person used or controlled by others:
Translations
يَرْهِنُ
pěšeczastavitfigurka
bondebrikpantsætte
garantipruntejolombardejopeono
casa de empeñosempeñarpeón
ettur
سرباز
pelinappulasotilas
בית עבוטחיילחנות משכונות
pješak
gyalogzálogba ad
peîpeî, leiksoppurveîsetja, pantsetja
lombardaslombardininkaspastumdėlisužstatyti
bandinieksieķīlātmarionete
a amaneta
pešiak
kmet
bonde
maşapiyonrehin vermek

pawn

1 [pɔːn] N (Chess) → peón m (fig) → instrumento m
they simply used me as a pawnse aprovecharon de mí como mero instrumento
he was just a pawn in their gameera sólo un títere en sus manos

pawn

2 [pɔːn]
A. N to be in pawnestar en prenda, estar empeñado
the country is in pawn to foreignersel país está empeñado a extranjeros
to leave or put sth in pawndejar algo en prenda, empeñar algo
B. VTempeñar
C. CPD pawn ticket Npapeleta f de empeño

pawn

[ˈpɔːn]
n
(in chess)gage m
(= person) → pion m
a political pawn → un pion sur l'échiquier politique

pawn

:
pawnbroker
nPfandleiher(in) m(f)
pawnbroker’s (shop), pawnshop
nPfandhaus nt, → Leihhaus nt
pawn ticket
nPfandschein m, → Leihschein m

pawn

1
n (Chess) → Bauer m; (fig)Schachfigur f

pawn

2
n (= security)Pfand nt; in pawnverpfändet, versetzt; to leave or put something in pawnetw versetzen or auf die Pfandleihe or ins Leihhaus bringen; the company is in pawn to foreignersdas Unternehmen ist an ausländische Kapitalgeber verpfändet

pawn

1 [pɔːn] n (Chess) → pedone m (fig) → pedina
to be sb's pawn → lasciarsi manovrare da qn

pawn

2 [pɔːn]
1. n in pawnimpegnato/a al monte di pietà; (article pledged) → pegno
to leave or put sth in pawn → impegnare qc

pawn

(poːn) verb
to give (an article of value) to a pawnbroker in exchange for money (which may be repaid at a later time to get the article back). I had to pawn my watch to pay the bill.
noun
1. in chess, one of the small pieces of lowest rank.
2. a person who is used by another person for his own gain, advantage etc. She was a pawn in his ambitious plans.
ˈpawnbroker noun
a person who lends money in exchange for pawned articles.
ˈpawnshop noun
a pawnbroker's place of business.
in pawn
having been pawned. His watch is in pawn.
References in classic literature ?
Yes, Captain Boomer, if you are quick enough about it, and have a mind to pawn one arm for the sake of the privilege of giving decent burial to the other, why in that case the arm is yours; only let the whale have another chance at you shortly, that's all.
This was child's play for him, and he got a dollar and seventy-five cents a day for it; on Saturday he paid Aniele the seventy-five cents a week he owed her for the use of her garret, and also redeemed his overcoat, which Elzbieta had put in pawn when he was in jail.
She can't either pawn or sell Count Luigi's costly Indian dagger.
Mont de Piete = traditional term for a municipal pawn shop operated to help the poor}
But see, there's the sunshine falling on the board, to show you more clearly what a foolish move you made with that pawn.
So, the pair wait on in a mood of sincere and virtuous expectation, and smilingly deposit themselves in pawn the while.
The lama, of course, would no more have parted with his chart to a casual wayfarer than an archbishop would pawn the holy vessels of his cathedral.
Nothing shows this difference more clearly than the way in which each will pawn his watch.