pea


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pea

 (pē)
n.
1. A member of the pea family.
2.
a. A widely cultivated climbing annual vine (Pisum sativum) native to Eurasia, having compound leaves with terminal leaflets modified into tendrils and globose, edible seeds enclosed in a green, elongated pod.
b. The pod of this plant: picked peas for dinner.
c. The seed of this plant, used as a vegetable.
d. A similar seed of various other plants, such as a cowpea.
3. Any of several plants of the genus Lathyrus, such as the sweet pea or the beach pea.

[Back-formation from Middle English pease (mistaken for pl.), from Old English pise, piose, from Late Latin pīsa, variant of Latin pīsum, from Greek pisos, pison.]

pea

(piː)
n
1. (Plants) an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. (Plants)
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): pea soup.
3. (Plants) any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
[C17: from pease (incorrectly assumed to be a plural)]
ˈpeaˌlike adj

pea

(pi)

n., pl. peas,
adj. n.
1. the round edible seed of a widely cultivated plant, Pisum sativum, of the legume family.
2. the plant itself.
3. the green, somewhat inflated pod of this plant.
4. any of various related or similar plants or their seed, as the chickpea.
5. something resembling a pea, esp. in being small and round.
adj.
6. pertaining to, containing, or cooked with peas.
7. small or small and round (usu. used in combination).
[1660–70; back formation from Middle English pese, pees a pea, taken as pl. < Old English peose, pise < Latin pisa, pl. of pisum < Greek pison pea]

pea

  • peanut - Takes its name from its resemblance to peas in a pod and has these synonyms: pinda, goober, groundnut, ground pea, earthnut, and monkey nut; "peanut" appeared in the early 19th century. It is not a nut but a legume (pea).
  • pisiform - Shaped like a pea.
  • pease - The early English singular for pea.
  • peasecod - Another word for the pod of the pea.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pea - seed of a pea plant used for foodpea - seed of a pea plant used for food  
legume - the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils)
green pea, garden pea - fresh pea
marrowfat pea - a variety of large pea that is commonly processed and sold in cans
cajan pea, dahl, pigeon pea - small highly nutritious seed of the tropical pigeon-pea plant
field pea - coarse small-seeded pea often used as food when young and tender
2.pea - the fruit or seed of a pea plant
legume - the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case
pea plant, pea - a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds
garden pea - the flattened to cylindric inflated multi-seeded fruit of the common pea plant
pea pod, peasecod - husk of a pea; edible in some garden peas
3.pea - a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seedspea - a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds
legume, leguminous plant - an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae
genus Pisum, Pisum - small genus of variable annual Eurasian vines: peas
pea - the fruit or seed of a pea plant
common pea, garden pea plant, Pisum sativum, garden pea - plant producing peas usually eaten fresh rather than dried
edible-pod pea, edible-podded pea, Pisum sativum macrocarpon - a variety of pea plant producing peas having soft thick edible pods lacking the fibrous inner lining of the common pea
Austrian winter pea, field-pea plant, Pisum arvense, Pisum sativum arvense, field pea - variety of pea plant native to the Mediterranean region and North Africa and widely grown especially for forage
Translations
حَـبَّـة بازلاءنَبتَة البازلاء
hrách
ærtærteplante
hernes
herne
grašak
borsó
baun, ertagarîerta, baunagras
žirnis
zirnis
hrach
grah
ärta
bezelyebezelye bitkisi

pea

[piː]
A. Nguisante m (Sp), chícharo m (CAm), arveja f (LAm), alverja f (LAm)
sweet peaguisante m de olor (Sp), clarín m (Chile)
see also like 1 A
B. CPD pea soup Nsopa f de guisantes

pea

[ˈpiː] npetit pois m, pois m

pea

nErbse f; they are as like as two peas (in a pod)sie gleichen sich (dat)wie ein Ei dem anderen

pea

:
peacock
nPfau m; (fig: = man) → Geck m; to strut up and down like a peawie ein Pfau einherstolzieren
peacock-blue
adjpfauenblau
peacock butterfly
n (Zool) → Tagpfauenauge nt
pea green
nErbsengrün nt
pea-green
adjerbsengrün
peahen
nPfauenhenne f
pea jacket
n (esp US) → Pijacke f

pea

:
peashooter
nPusterohr nt
pea soup
nErbsensuppe f
peasouper
nWaschküche (inf), → Suppe (inf) f

pea

[piː] npisello
green peas → pisellini mpl

pea

(piː) noun
1. the round seed of a kind of climbing plant, eaten as a vegetable. We had roast beef, potatoes and peas for dinner.
2. the plant which produces these seeds. We planted peas and beans this year.
References in classic literature ?
As the light looked so dim, and the place, for the time, looked quiet enough, and the dilapidated little wooden house itself looked as if it might have been carted here from the ruins of some burnt district, and as the swinging sign had a poverty-stricken sort of creak to it, I thought that here was the very spot for cheap lodgings, and the best of pea coffee.
This weak point might be a mere speck on the glass, no larger than a pea, under which the spring lay hidden.
Peter asked her the way to the gate, but she had such a large pea in her mouth that she could not answer.
This young man was the nephew of one of the Nob Hill magnates, who run the San Francisco Stock Exchange, much as more humble adventurers, in the corner of some public park at home, may be seen to perform the simple artifice of pea and thimble: for their own profit, that is to say, and the discouragement of public gambling.
No, monsieur," returned the count; and he drew from his pocket a marvellous casket, formed out of a single emerald and closed by a golden lid which unscrewed and gave passage to a small greenish colored pellet about the size of a pea.
The latter was said to resemble his dead mother as one pea may resemble another.
was flipped out like a pea from off a finger-nail, braking madly as she fled down and all but over-ending.
His countenance was of a dark snuff-color, and he had a long hooked nose, pea eyes, a wide mouth, and an excellent set of teeth, which latter he seemed anxious of displaying, as he was grinning from ear to ear.
She's so like a pea on a pan over the possibility of it that she's pulling herself together in her room.
We know what it is to have no appetite and not to care for the dainty victuals placed before us, but we do not understand what it means to sicken for food--to die for bread while others waste it--to gaze with famished eyes upon coarse fare steaming behind dingy windows, longing for a pen'orth of pea pudding and not having the penny to buy it--to feel that a crust would be delicious and that a bone would be a banquet.
There is no beau whom it takes four men at once to shake into his buckskins, or who goes to see all the executions, or who is troubled with the self-reproach of having once consumed a pea.
Good Quince was an honest fellow, but his wits were somewhat of the heavy sort, like unbaked dough, so that the only thing that was in his mind was, "Three shillings sixpence ha'penny for thy shoon, good Quince--three shillings sixpence ha'penny for thy shoon," and this traveled round and round inside of his head, without another thought getting into his noddle, as a pea rolls round and round inside an empty quart pot.