Dysphagia, cranial dysmorphism, extremity anomalies, hypoplasia of the pectoralis minor
muscle (Poland anomaly) and mental deficiency may also be observed in association (1).
05) increases in FEV1, FEV1 /FVC1, latissimusdorsi strength, pectoralis major clavicular portion strength, pectoralis major sternocostal portion strength and emotional and digestion HRQOL domains, while decreasing pectoralis minor
strength on the left and social, body image and respiration HRQOL domains.
The pectoralis minor
was elevated from the medial aspect of the coracoid, and the acromioclavicular (AC) ligament was incised at the level of the acromion to allow for adequate stump length to incorporate into the capsular repair.
Loukas showed axillary arch originated from the latissimus dorsi with extensive branching, inserting into three of the more common sites; the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor
and coracoid process.
The cords in turn divide into the terminal nerves: ulnar, median, musculocutaneous, radial, and axillary at the border of the pectoralis minor
They enter the axilla deep to the pectoralis minor
muscle and run 5-20 mm medial to the anterior glenoid rim of the glenohumeral joint and therefore are susceptible during shoulder injury .
During this visit, his shoulder was taped and he received a prescription for stretching exercises of the pectoralis minor
and major, as well as strengthening exercises of the internal and external rotators using an elastic band.
To most effectively apply this technique to the pectoralis major, make sure that the client's scapula is stabilized on the table; to most effectively apply this technique to the pectoralis minor
, have the client move farther to the side so that their scapula is off the table and free to move.
Coracoid-based pectoralis minor
and levator scapulae muscles are usually tight.
After that, the pectoralis minor
tendon and coracoacromial ligament were detached and the bone was used as a bony block in the anterior inferior glenoid region between superior one-third two-third of the subscapularis muscle (8).
Poland's syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by hypoplasia of the breast and nipple scarcity of subcutaneous tissue absence of the costosternal portion of the pectoralis major muscle lack of the pectoralis minor
and major muscle aplasia or deformity of the costal cartilages or ribs II to IV or III to V alopecia of the axillary and mammary region and unilateral brachysyndactyly.
The pectoralis minor
is a smaller, triangular muscle that underlies it.