While depreciation of Jamaican Creole speakers for their speaking (and later writing) allegedly bad English never was gender specific, pejoration
of the mother tongue of most Jamaicans is one more way in which ordinary Jamaican women experienced devaluation in colonial times and continue to experience it in neocolonial contexts.
It quintessentialy involves two main processes: figuration, which makes use of metaphor, metonymy and related figurative means; and semantic shifting, which includes generalization, specialization, melioration and pejoration
But this pejoration
of utopia is exposed as being central to the sustainability of the ideological power regimes of liberal democracy, regimes that Joan--and the critical spectator--like to think they contest.
This shift is necessary in order to logically allow for the significant transformation that the associations of blackness experience unilaterally with those of whiteness, but with a converse development: from pejoration
From here the process of what semioticians call pejoration
degraded the word further, as it came to constitute a disrespectful reference to a black or coloured woman, and in schoolboy slang, to a cowardly person.
As citizens recognizing a national health crisis, let's refuse to participate in the pejoration
of mental illness in media, jokes, songs, comics, and entertainment.
is extremely common, especially in monosyllables; and dimensionality of one sort or another is equally normal in phonosemantic terms.
Si le debat sur la feminisation engendre parfois l'hysterie, il conduit aussi a la reflexion sur des questions linguistiques telles que la polysemie et la pejoration
This systematic pejoration
serves two important functions, according to Spender (1982):
The infamy of the asylum, made even more public by the visits of outsiders, must have contributed to the pejoration
of the word 'bedlam'.
Given these features, the combination of gendered subject and language, a troubles-talk mode set in a domestic sphere, a questioning of middle-class institutions, and unrelenting pejoration
of the male, it is understandable that many critics recoiled from this sequence with its radical agenda.
Specifically, it is shown that meaning pejoration
of lexemes used with reference to women is not only a frequent semantic mechanism but a productive linguistic process.