penal


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Related to penal: penal code, Penal system, Penal law

pe·nal

 (pē′nəl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or prescribing punishment, as for breaking the law.
2. Subject to punishment; legally punishable: a penal offense.
3. Serving as or constituting a means or place of punishment: penal servitude; a penal colony.

[Middle English, from Old French peinal and from Medieval Latin pēnālis, both from Latin poenālis, from poena, penalty, from Greek poinē; see kwei- in Indo-European roots.]

pe′nal·ly adv.

penal

(ˈpiːnəl)
adj
1. (Law) of, relating to, constituting, or prescribing punishment
2. payable as a penalty: a penal sum.
3. (Law) used or designated as a place of punishment: a penal institution.
[C15: from Late Latin poenālis concerning punishment, from poena penalty]
ˈpenally adv

pe•nal

(ˈpin l)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to punishment, as for crimes or offenses.
2. prescribing punishment: penal laws.
3. used as a place of confinement and punishment: a penal colony.
4. subject to or incurring punishment: a penal offense.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin poenālis=poen(a) penalty (< Greek poinḗ fine) + -ālis -al1]
pe′nal•ly, adv.

penal

, punitive - Penal means "relating to punishment," while punitive means "serving to punish."
See also related terms for punish.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.penal - of or relating to punishment; "penal reform"; "penal code"
2.penal - serving as or designed to impose punishment; "penal servitude"
punitive, punitory - inflicting punishment; "punitive justice"; "punitive damages"
3.penal - subject to punishment by law; "a penal offense"
illegal - prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules; "an illegal chess move"

penal

adjective disciplinary, punitive, corrective, penalizing, retributive an island that served as a penal colony
Translations

penal

[ˈpiːnl]
A. ADJ
1. [reform, policy, system] → penal
2. (= harsh) [rate, charges] → muy gravoso, perjudicial
B. CPD penal code Ncódigo m penal
penal colony Ncolonia f penal
penal servitude Ntrabajos mpl forzados

penal

[ˈpiːnəl] adj [system, reform] → pénal(e) penal colonypenal code ncode m pénalpenal colony nbagne m

penal

adj
Straf-; penal institutionStrafanstalt f; penal lawStrafrecht nt; penal offenceStraftat f; penal policyStrafrechtspolitik f; penal reformStrafrechtsreform f
(= harsh) rates, taxationüberzogen

penal

[ˈpiːnl] adj (gen) → penale; (tax, fine) → oneroso/a
References in classic literature ?
Specially in case of laws penal, they ought to have care, that that which was meant for terror, be not turned into rigor; and that they bring not upon the people, that shower whereof the Scripture speaketh, Pluet super eos laqueos; for penal laws pressed, are a shower of snares upon the people.
Then followed four years of penal servitude, spent in the company of common criminals in Siberia, where he began the "Dead House," and some years of service in a disciplinary battalion.
For while those female whales are characteristically timid, the young males, or forty-barrel-bulls, as they call them, are by far the most pugnacious of all Leviathans, and proverbially the most dangerous to encounter; excepting those wondrous grey-headed, grizzled whales, sometimes met, and these will fight you like grim fiends exasperated by a penal gout.
Let the advocates of a falsely called Philanthropy plead as they may for the abrogation of the Irregular Penal Laws, I for my part have never known an Irregular who was not also what Nature evidently intended him to be -- a hypocrite, a misanthropist, and, up to the limits of his power, a perpetrator of all manner of mischief.
It was a circumstance to he noted on the summer morning when our story begins its course, that the women, of whom there were several in the crowd, appeared to take a peculiar interest in whatever penal infliction might be expected to ensue.
Curses on that school and all those terrible years of penal servitude
These sanctuaries, in the midst of the deluge of penal and barbarous jurisdictions which inundated the city, were a species of islands which rose above the level of human justice.
We'll indict the blackguards for felony, and get 'em shipped off to penal settlements.
Potato flour is the waste of potato after the starch and alcohol have been extracted; it has no more food value than so much wood, and as its use as a food adulterant is a penal offense in Europe, thousands of tons of it are shipped to America every year.
He was in a morbidly nervous state by this time, and he pictured the trial, and his trying to explain the circumstances to the jury, and nobody believing him, and his being sentenced to twenty years' penal servitude, and his mother dying of a broken heart.
I began to manufacture a character for myself for the first days of our voyage out in the convict-ship; and I landed at the penal settlement with the reputation of being the meekest and most biddable of felonious mankind.
The enormous bribe which Government possesses in offering free pardons, together with the deep horror of the secluded penal settlements, destroys confidence between the convicts, and so prevents crime.